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J2.5

Developing a MVC Component/Adding decorations to the backend

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< J2.5:Developing a MVC Component(Redirected from Developing a Model-View-Controller Component/2.5/Adding decorations to the backend)


Introduction

This tutorial is part of the Developing a Model-View-Controller (MVC) Component for Joomla!2.5 tutorial. You are encouraged to read the previous parts of the tutorial before reading this.

Adding some icons

With your favorite file manager put a 16x16 image and a 48x48 image (I choose tux) in a media/images/ folder and add a media tag in your install file. Modify the menu tag in order to use the new icon.

Modifying the views

In the admin/views/helloworlds/view.html.php file put these lines:

admin/views/helloworlds/view.html.php

<?php
// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');
 
// import Joomla view library
jimport('joomla.application.component.view');
 
/**
 * HelloWorlds View
 */
class HelloWorldViewHelloWorlds extends JView
{
        /**
         * HelloWorlds view display method
         * @return void
         */
        function display($tpl = null) 
        {
                // Get data from the model
                $items = $this->get('Items');
                $pagination = $this->get('Pagination');
 
                // Check for errors.
                if (count($errors = $this->get('Errors'))) 
                {
                        JError::raiseError(500, implode('<br />', $errors));
                        return false;
                }
                // Assign data to the view
                $this->items = $items;
                $this->pagination = $pagination;
 
                // Set the toolbar and number of found items
                $this->addToolBar($this->pagination->total);
 
                // Display the template
                parent::display($tpl);
 
                // Set the document
                $this->setDocument();
        }
 
        /**
         * Setting the toolbar
         */
        protected function addToolBar($total=null) 
        {
                JToolBarHelper::title(JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLDS').
                        //Reflect number of items in title!
                        ($total?' <span style="font-size: 0.5em; vertical-align: middle;">('.$total.')</span>':'')
                        , 'helloworld');
                JToolBarHelper::deleteListX('', 'helloworlds.delete');
                JToolBarHelper::editListX('helloworld.edit');
                JToolBarHelper::addNewX('helloworld.add');
        }
        /**
         * Method to set up the document properties
         *
         * @return void
         */
        protected function setDocument() 
        {
                $document = JFactory::getDocument();
                $document->setTitle(JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_ADMINISTRATION'));
        }
}

This view uses a second parameter for the JToolBarHelper::title function. It will be used to construct the css class for the title. The _setDocument method sets the browser title.

In admin/views/helloworld/view.html.php, put these lines:

admin/views/helloworld/view.html.php

<?php
// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');
 
// import Joomla view library
jimport('joomla.application.component.view');
 
/**
 * HelloWorld View
 */
class HelloWorldViewHelloWorld extends JView
{
        /**
         * View form
         *
         * @var         form
         */
        protected $form = null;
 
        /**
         * display method of Hello view
         * @return void
         */
        public function display($tpl = null) 
        {
                // get the Data
                $form = $this->get('Form');
                $item = $this->get('Item');
 
                // Check for errors.
                if (count($errors = $this->get('Errors'))) 
                {
                        JError::raiseError(500, implode('<br />', $errors));
                        return false;
                }
                // Assign the Data
                $this->form = $form;
                $this->item = $item;
 
                // Set the toolbar
                $this->addToolBar();
 
                // Display the template
                parent::display($tpl);
 
                // Set the document
                $this->setDocument();
        }
 
        /**
         * Setting the toolbar
         */
        protected function addToolBar() 
        {               
                $input = JFactory::getApplication()->input;
                $input->set('hidemainmenu', true);
                $isNew = ($this->item->id == 0);
                JToolBarHelper::title($isNew ? JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLD_NEW')
                                             : JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLD_EDIT'), 'helloworld');
                JToolBarHelper::save('helloworld.save');
                JToolBarHelper::cancel('helloworld.cancel', $isNew ? 'JTOOLBAR_CANCEL' : 'JTOOLBAR_CLOSE');
        }
        /**
         * Method to set up the document properties
         *
         * @return void
         */
        protected function setDocument() 
        {
                $isNew = ($this->item->id < 1);
                $document = JFactory::getDocument();
                $document->setTitle($isNew ? JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_CREATING')
                                           : JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_EDITING'));
        }
}

This view also uses the second parameter of the JToolBarHelper::title function and set the browser title

Modifying the main entry file

In the admin/helloworld.php file, put these lines in order to use the 48x48 icon:

<?php
// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');
 
// Set some global property
$document = JFactory::getDocument();
$document->addStyleDeclaration('.icon-48-helloworld {background-image: url(../media/com_helloworld/images/tux-48x48.png);}');
 
// import joomla controller library
jimport('joomla.application.component.controller');
 
// Get an instance of the controller prefixed by HelloWorld
$controller = JController::getInstance('HelloWorld');
 
// Perform the Request task
$input = JFactory::getApplication()->input;
$controller->execute($input->getCmd('task'));
 
// Redirect if set by the controller
$controller->redirect();

Adding some strings in the language file

Modify the admin/language/en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.ini and put these lines

admin/language/en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.ini

COM_HELLOWORLD_ADMINISTRATION="HelloWorld - Administration"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_CREATING="HelloWorld - Creating"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_DETAILS="Details"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_EDITING="HelloWorld - Editing"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_GREETING_DESC="This message will be displayed"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_GREETING_LABEL="Message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_HEADING_GREETING="Greeting"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_HEADING_ID="Id"
COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLD_EDIT="HelloWorld manager: Edit Message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLD_NEW="HelloWorld manager: New Message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLDS="HelloWorld manager"
COM_HELLOWORLD_N_ITEMS_DELETED_1="One message deleted"
COM_HELLOWORLD_N_ITEMS_DELETED_MORE="%d messages deleted"

Packaging the component

Content of your code directory

Create a compressed file of this directory or directly download the archive and install it using the extension manager of Joomla. You can add a menu item of this component using the menu manager in the backend.

helloworld.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<extension type="component" version="2.5.0" method="upgrade">
 
        <name>Hello World!</name>
        <!-- The following elements are optional and free of formatting constraints -->
        <creationDate>November 2009</creationDate>
        <author>John Doe</author>
        <authorEmail>john.doe@example.org</authorEmail>
        <authorUrl>http://www.example.org</authorUrl>
        <copyright>Copyright Info</copyright>
        <license>License Info</license>
        <!--  The version string is recorded in the components table -->
        <version>0.0.10</version>
        <!-- The description is optional and defaults to the name -->
        <description>COM_HELLOWORLD_DESCRIPTION</description>
 
        <install> <!-- Runs on install -->
                <sql>
                        <file driver="mysql" charset="utf8">sql/install.mysql.utf8.sql</file>
                </sql>
        </install>
        <uninstall> <!-- Runs on uninstall -->
                <sql>
                        <file driver="mysql" charset="utf8">sql/uninstall.mysql.utf8.sql</file>
                </sql>
        </uninstall>
        <update> <!-- Runs on update; New in 2.5 -->
                <schemas>
                        <schemapath type="mysql">sql/updates/mysql</schemapath>
                </schemas>
        </update>
 
        <!-- Site Main File Copy Section -->
        <!-- Note the folder attribute: This attribute describes the folder
                to copy FROM in the package to install therefore files copied
                in this section are copied from /site/ in the package -->
        <files folder="site">
                <filename>index.html</filename>
                <filename>helloworld.php</filename>
                <filename>controller.php</filename>
                <folder>views</folder>
                <folder>models</folder>
                <folder>language</folder>
        </files>
 
        <media destination="com_helloworld" folder="media">
                <filename>index.html</filename>
                <folder>images</folder>
        </media>
 
        <administration>
                <!-- Administration Menu Section -->
                <menu img="../media/com_helloworld/images/tux-16x16.png">COM_HELLOWORLD_MENU</menu>
                <!-- Administration Main File Copy Section -->
                <!-- Note the folder attribute: This attribute describes the folder
                        to copy FROM in the package to install therefore files copied
                        in this section are copied from /admin/ in the package -->
                <files folder="admin">
                        <!-- Admin Main File Copy Section -->
                        <filename>index.html</filename>
                        <filename>helloworld.php</filename>
                        <filename>controller.php</filename>
                        <!-- SQL files section -->
                        <folder>sql</folder>
                        <!-- tables files section -->
                        <folder>tables</folder>
                        <!-- models files section -->
                        <folder>models</folder>
                        <!-- views files section -->
                        <folder>views</folder>
                        <!-- controllers files section -->
                        <folder>controllers</folder>
                </files>
 
                <languages folder="admin">
                        <language tag="en-GB">language/en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.ini</language>
                        <language tag="en-GB">language/en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.sys.ini</language>
                </languages>
        </administration>
 
</extension>

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