Actions

Preconfigured htaccess

From Joomla! Documentation

(Redirected from Preconfigured .htaccess)

An Apache webserver uses an htaccess for site specific configuration. A preconfigured htaccess file (htaccess.txt) is delivered with Joomla. It contains instructions to avoid common exploits and implements SEF urls. In addition it provides some settings that needs to be checked for your environment:
- Options +FollowSymLinks
- RewriteBase /

Activating htaccess.txt means merging an existing .htaccess with htaccess.txt and decide on the two settings mentioned above. Note: The active file is set in one of the httpd.conf files with: AccessFileName .htaccess. It defaults to .htaccess, which makes it hidden on a linux filesystem. No need to change that.

On the windows platform you might change it to: AccessFileName htaccess.ini, so you can edit it more easily. Don't use htaccess.txt here because when updating Joomla, it will be overwritten and changes will be lost.

Content of htaccess.txt:

##
 # @version $Id: htaccess.txt 10492 2008-07-02 06:38:28Z ircmaxell $
 # @package Joomla
 # @copyright Copyright (C) 2005 - 2008 Open Source Matters. All rights reserved.
 # @license http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html GNU/GPL
 # Joomla! is Free Software
 ##
 
 
 #####################################################
 #  READ THIS COMPLETELY IF YOU CHOOSE TO USE THIS FILE
 #
 # The line just below this section: 'Options +FollowSymLinks' may cause problems
 # with some server configurations.  It is required for use of mod_rewrite, but may already
 # be set by your server administrator in a way that dissallows changing it in
 # your .htaccess file.  If using it causes your server to error out, comment it out (add # to
 # beginning of line), reload your site in your browser and test your sef url's.  If they work,
 # it has been set by your server administrator and you do not need it set here.
 #
 #####################################################
 
 ##  Can be commented out if causes errors, see notes above.
 Options +FollowSymLinks
 
 #
 #  mod_rewrite in use
 
 RewriteEngine On
 
 ########## Begin - Rewrite rules to block out some common exploits
 ## If you experience problems on your site block out the operations listed below
 ## This attempts to block the most common type of exploit `attempts` to Joomla!
 #
 # Block out any script trying to set a mosConfig value through the URL
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} mosConfig_[a-zA-Z_]{1,21}(=|\%3D) [OR]
 # Block out any script trying to base64_encode crap to send via URL
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} base64_encode.*\(.*\) [OR]
 # Block out any script that includes a <script> tag in URL
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (\<|%3C).*script.*(\>|%3E) [NC,OR]
 # Block out any script trying to set a PHP GLOBALS variable via URL
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} GLOBALS(=|\[|\%[0-9A-Z]{0,2}) [OR]
 # Block out any script trying to modify a _REQUEST variable via URL
 RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} _REQUEST(=|\[|\%[0-9A-Z]{0,2})
 # Send all blocked request to homepage with 403 Forbidden error!
 RewriteRule ^(.*)$ index.php [F,L]
 #
 ########## End - Rewrite rules to block out some common exploits
 
 #  Uncomment following line if your webserver's URL
 #  is not directly related to physical file paths.
 #  Update Your Joomla! Directory (just / for root)
 
 # RewriteBase /
 
 
 ########## Begin - Joomla! core SEF Section
 #
 RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
 RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
 RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/index.php
 RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} (/|\.php|\.html|\.htm|\.feed|\.pdf|\.raw|/[^.]*)$  [NC]
 RewriteRule (.*) index.php
 RewriteRule .* - [E=HTTP_AUTHORIZATION:%{HTTP:Authorization},L]
 #
 ########## End - Joomla! core SEF Section