Actions

Difference between revisions of "Copying a website from localhost to a remote host"

From Joomla! Documentation

m (In 'Upload only a file compresed by Ftp' and in 'Uploading a file compresed', compresed was changed to compressed (spelling))
(Corrected spelling and punctuation.)
Line 1: Line 1:
When you are first trying out Joomla!, it is often recommended that you install it on your local system. (e.g., "localhost"), for example with [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XAMPP XAMPP], and get your site running locally. In this case, you may do enough work on your local Joomla! site that you want to copy this site to your remote host. Fortunately, this is easy to do.
+
When you are first trying out Joomla!, it is often recommended that you install it on your local system. (e.g., "localhost"), for example with [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XAMPP XAMPP], and get your site running locally. Eventually you may want to copy this site to your remote host. Fortunately, this is easy to do.
  
This article assumes you have installed Joomla! 1.5 on your local computer, you have created a website, and you now wish to copy this website to your remote host.
+
This article assumes you have installed Joomla! 1.5 on your local computer, you have created a website and you now wish to copy this website to your remote host.
  
 
Here are the steps:
 
Here are the steps:
  
==Create a place on your remote host to install Joomla!.==
+
==Create a Place on Your Remote Host to Install Joomla!==
 
+
If this is a new site, it will just be your home directory. If you have an existing site, for example www.domain.com, that you wish to keep while you work with Joomla!, you may be able to create a subdomain, for example, www.domain.com/subdirectory to hold your Joomla! site.
If this is a new site, it will just be your home directory. If you have an existing site, for example www.domain.com, that you wish to keep while you work with Joomla!, you may be able to create a subdomain , for example www.domain.com/subdirectory to hold your Joomla! site.
+
 
+
 
+
 
+
==Copy files and Directories of your local Joomla Directory to remote host.==
+
 
+
You have 2 methods, Upload all files by FTP  or Upload only a file compressed by Ftp.
+
 
+
  
 +
==Copy Files and Directories of Your Local Joomla Directory to the Remote Host==
 +
You have two methods:
 +
#Upload all files by FTP or
 +
#Upload only a compressed file by FTP
  
 
===Upload all Files by FTP===
 
===Upload all Files by FTP===
 +
Normally, the easiest way to copy these files is using an FTP client program, such as [http://filezilla-project.org/ Filezilla].
  
Normally, the easiest way to copy these files is using an FTP client program, like [http://filezilla-project.org/ Filezilla].
+
Select all files from directory localhost (with XAMPP, the directory will be xampp/www/directory) and upload to the remote host HTML directory for a domain, or to the remote host HTML subdirectory.
 
+
Select all files from directory localhost, with XAMPP the directory will be xampp/www/directory, and upload to remote host html directory for a domain , or to remote host html subdirectory and hold the domain installation.
+
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
Line 32: Line 27:
 
|}
 
|}
  
===Upload a file compressed===
+
===Upload a Compressed File===
 
+
Copying a large number of individual files using FTP can sometimes be unreliable. If you have command-line access to the both source and destination systems you can create a compressed archive file containing all the files on the source system, then transfer that single file to the destination system where it can be decompressed.
Copying a large number of individual files using FTP can sometimes be unreliable. If you have command-line access to the both source and destination systems then you can create a compressed archive file containing all the files on the source system, then transfer that single file to the destination system where it can be decompressed.
+
  
 
*'''Creating an archive file'''
 
*'''Creating an archive file'''
Line 42: Line 36:
 
</source>
 
</source>
  
will create a gzip-compressed archive file, called joomlabackup.tar.gz, containing all of the files in your Joomla! installation.
+
will create a gzip-compressed archive file, called joomlabackup.tar.gz, containing all the files in your Joomla! installation.
 
Important note! You need to make sure you are NOT in the folder you are trying to backup when you run the tar command or you will create an endless loop.
 
Important note! You need to make sure you are NOT in the folder you are trying to backup when you run the tar command or you will create an endless loop.
 
*'''Extracting an archive file'''
 
*'''Extracting an archive file'''
Line 58: Line 52:
 
</source>
 
</source>
  
 
+
==Copy the Contents of Your Local MySQL Database to the Host MySQL Database==
 
+
In Joomla!, all the contents of the site (articles, menus, users, and so on) are stored in the MySql database. You need to copy this information to the host database. This is done by creating an export file on your local system and then importing this file into your host MySQL database, as follows:
==Copy the contents of your local MySQL database to the host MySQL database.==
+
 
+
In Joomla!, all of the contents of the site (articles, menus, users, and so on) are stored in the MySql database. So you need to copy this information to the host database. This is done by creating an export file on your local system and then importing this file into your host MySQL database, as follows:
+
  
 
:::#Open phpMyAdmin on your local system by navigating to it's URL with your browser. On your local system, this URL will normally be "//localhost/phpmyadmin". Note: If you have a password on your database, you will be prompted for it.
 
:::#Open phpMyAdmin on your local system by navigating to it's URL with your browser. On your local system, this URL will normally be "//localhost/phpmyadmin". Note: If you have a password on your database, you will be prompted for it.
Line 77: Line 68:
 
:::#Click Go to import the database
 
:::#Click Go to import the database
  
At this point you have instaled database
+
At this point you have installed the database.
  
If you want , to create database copy, you can use also MYSQL command lind method.
+
If you want to create a database copy, you can use also the MYSQL command line method.
 
Usually you run mysqldump to create a database copy:
 
Usually you run mysqldump to create a database copy:
 
<source lang="php">
 
<source lang="php">
Line 95: Line 86:
 
</source>
 
</source>
  
 
+
==Configure the Site. Edit the configuration.php File==
       
+
Manually edit "configuration.php" to tell Joomla! about your site. The file ''configuration.php'' contains settings specific to your system. This file was created for you when you installed Joomla! on your localhost. The settings in the ''configuration.php'' file that you typically need to change are shown below. This example is from a Windows XP localhost system.
==Configuration Site. Edit configuration.php==
+
 
+
Manually edit "configuration.php" to tell Joomla! about your site. The file "configuration.php" contains settings specific to your system. This file was created for you when you installed Joomla! on your localhost. The settings in the configuration.php file that you typically need to change are shown below. This example is from a Windows XP localhost system.
+
  
 
<source lang="php">
 
<source lang="php">
Line 111: Line 99:
 
</source>
 
</source>
  
Now , at you remote host system, the settings in the configuration.php file that you typically need to change are shown below
+
Now, at you remote host system, the settings in the ''configuration.php'' file that you typically need to change are shown below
  
 
  <source lang="php">
 
  <source lang="php">
Line 123: Line 111:
 
</source>
 
</source>
 
    
 
    
Nota that if you had uploaded files directory joomla for a subdirectory, remember that you are working on subdirectory, and the settings that you need, wil be,
+
If you uploaded Joomla! files to a subdirectory, remember that you are working on subdirectory, and the settings that you need, will be,
  
 
<source lang="php">
 
<source lang="php">
Line 134: Line 122:
 
var $password = 'your_db_password';
 
var $password = 'your_db_password';
 
</source>
 
</source>
Congratulations! At this point, your Joomla! website on your host should be operational with the exact same information as your localhost site. If you installed it on a subdirectory, navigate to that subdirectory to see or administer the site.  
+
At this point, your Joomla! Website on your host should be operational with the same information as your localhost site. If you installed it on a subdirectory, navigate to that subdirectory to see or administer the site.
 +
 
 +
<nowiki>http://www.domain.com/subdirectory</nowiki> (for navigatation to the site)
  
<nowiki>http://www.domain.com/subdirectory</nowiki> ( for navigate )
+
<nowiki>http://www.domain.com/subdirectory/administrator</nowiki> (login to the Joomla admin area with your user and password that your had at your localhost installed)
<nowiki>http://www.domain.com/subdirectory/administrator</nowiki> ( login to the joomla admin area with your user and password that your had at your localhost instaled)
+
  
 
and if you installed it on root directory to see the site
 
and if you installed it on root directory to see the site
  
<nowiki>http://www.domain.com/</nowiki> ( for navigate the site )
+
<nowiki>http://www.domain.com/</nowiki> (for navigatation to the site)
<nowiki>http://www.domain.com/administrator</nowiki> ( login to admin are )
+
  
 +
<nowiki>http://www.domain.com/administrator</nowiki> (login to admin area)
  
 
[[Category:FAQ]]  
 
[[Category:FAQ]]  

Revision as of 17:58, 29 January 2010

When you are first trying out Joomla!, it is often recommended that you install it on your local system. (e.g., "localhost"), for example with XAMPP, and get your site running locally. Eventually you may want to copy this site to your remote host. Fortunately, this is easy to do.

This article assumes you have installed Joomla! 1.5 on your local computer, you have created a website and you now wish to copy this website to your remote host.

Here are the steps:

Contents

Create a Place on Your Remote Host to Install Joomla!

If this is a new site, it will just be your home directory. If you have an existing site, for example www.domain.com, that you wish to keep while you work with Joomla!, you may be able to create a subdomain, for example, www.domain.com/subdirectory to hold your Joomla! site.

Copy Files and Directories of Your Local Joomla Directory to the Remote Host

You have two methods:

  1. Upload all files by FTP or
  2. Upload only a compressed file by FTP

Upload all Files by FTP

Normally, the easiest way to copy these files is using an FTP client program, such as Filezilla.

Select all files from directory localhost (with XAMPP, the directory will be xampp/www/directory) and upload to the remote host HTML directory for a domain, or to the remote host HTML subdirectory.

Select Dir Host and Upload to remote host or subdirectory remote host
Dir LocalHost Upload to Html Root Or Upload Sub. Html Root
Select Dir. Dir Filezilla. Subdir Filezilla.

Upload a Compressed File

Copying a large number of individual files using FTP can sometimes be unreliable. If you have command-line access to the both source and destination systems you can create a compressed archive file containing all the files on the source system, then transfer that single file to the destination system where it can be decompressed.

  • Creating an archive file

On Unix-style systems (eg. Linux) you can use the gzip program to create .zip files, or the tar program to create .tar.gz or .tar.bz2 files. For detailed instructions type man gzip or man tar at the command line. For example,

 tar cvfz joomlabackup.tar.gz /path-to-joomla

will create a gzip-compressed archive file, called joomlabackup.tar.gz, containing all the files in your Joomla! installation. Important note! You need to make sure you are NOT in the folder you are trying to backup when you run the tar command or you will create an endless loop.

  • Extracting an archive file

Having copied the archive file to the destination system, you now need to unpack it. Use the equivalent command that you used to create the archive file. For example, to unpack the archive file created in the example above, enter

cd /path-to-joomla
tar xvfz joomlabackup.tar.gz

If the user or group IDs are not the same between the source and destination systems, then you will need to amend the ownership of the files you just extracted. For example, on an Apache system, you might need to enter the command

cd /path-to-joomla
chown -R www-group.www-user *

Copy the Contents of Your Local MySQL Database to the Host MySQL Database

In Joomla!, all the contents of the site (articles, menus, users, and so on) are stored in the MySql database. You need to copy this information to the host database. This is done by creating an export file on your local system and then importing this file into your host MySQL database, as follows:

  1. Open phpMyAdmin on your local system by navigating to it's URL with your browser. On your local system, this URL will normally be "//localhost/phpmyadmin". Note: If you have a password on your database, you will be prompted for it.
  2. The phpMyAdmin screen will display as shown below. Select the Export link.

ScreenShot Phpmyadmin.

  1. Select the database you want to export in the upper right-hand list. In the example below, the database "joomla15" is selected. Keep all of the default options, including "SQL" as the export type.

ScreenShot Phpmyadmin.

  1. Check the "Save as file" box at the bottom of the screen, and enter the name of the export file, as shown below. .

ScreenShot Phpmyadmin.

  1. Press the "Go" button in the lower right corner. An Open / Save / Cancel dialog will display. Press Save and select a folder to save the file in. The export will complete and the file will be saved in the chosen location.
  2. Open up the phpMyAdmin on the host server.
  3. Select the Import tab
  4. Click the Browse button under "File to import", then select the database file from your computer
  5. Click Go to import the database

At this point you have installed the database.

If you want to create a database copy, you can use also the MYSQL command line method. Usually you run mysqldump to create a database copy:

$ mysqldump -u user -p db-name > db-name.out

Copy db-name.out file using sftp/ssh to remote MySQL server:

$ scp db-name.out user@remote.box.com:/backup

Restore database at remote server (login over ssh):

$ mysql -u user -p db-name < db-name.out

Configure the Site. Edit the configuration.php File

Manually edit "configuration.php" to tell Joomla! about your site. The file configuration.php contains settings specific to your system. This file was created for you when you installed Joomla! on your localhost. The settings in the configuration.php file that you typically need to change are shown below. This example is from a Windows XP localhost system.

var $log_path = 'C:\\xampp\\htdocs\\joomla15\\logs';
var $tmp_path = 'C:\\xampp\\htdocs\\joomla15\\tmp';
var $live_site = '';
var $host = 'localhost';
var $user = 'root';
var $db = 'your_local_db_name';
var $password = 'your_local_db_password';

Now, at you remote host system, the settings in the configuration.php file that you typically need to change are shown below

var $log_path = '/var/www/vhost/domain.com/home/html/logs';
var $tmp_path = '/var/www/vhost/domain.com/home/html/tmp';
var $live_site = '';
var $host = 'name your remote host';
var $user = 'your_user_db_name';
var $db = 'your_db_name';
var $password = 'your_db_password';

If you uploaded Joomla! files to a subdirectory, remember that you are working on subdirectory, and the settings that you need, will be,

var $log_path = '/var/www/vhost/domain.com/subdirectory/html/logs';
var $tmp_path = '/var/www/vhost/domain.com/subdirectory/html/tmp';
var $live_site = '';
var $host = 'name your remote host';
var $user = 'your_user_db_name';
var $db = 'your_db_name';
var $password = 'your_db_password';

At this point, your Joomla! Website on your host should be operational with the same information as your localhost site. If you installed it on a subdirectory, navigate to that subdirectory to see or administer the site.

http://www.domain.com/subdirectory (for navigatation to the site)

http://www.domain.com/subdirectory/administrator (login to the Joomla admin area with your user and password that your had at your localhost installed)

and if you installed it on root directory to see the site

http://www.domain.com/ (for navigatation to the site)

http://www.domain.com/administrator (login to admin area)