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Difference between revisions of "Display error messages and notices"

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(Update 3.0 to 3.x)
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Errors, warnings and notices can be displayed from any component, module, plugin or template using the methods outlined below.
 
Errors, warnings and notices can be displayed from any component, module, plugin or template using the methods outlined below.
 
<source lang="php">
 
<source lang="php">
//Get a handle to the Joomla!-application object
+
// Get a handle to the Joomla! application object
$app =& JFactory::getApplication();
+
$application = JFactory::getApplication();
//add a message to the message queue
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$app->enqueueMessage(JText::_('Random error occured'), 'error');
+
  
/** PHP 5 */
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// Add a message to the message queue
JFactory::getApplication()->enqueueMessage(JText::_('Random error occured'), 'error');
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$application->enqueueMessage(JText::_('SOME_ERROR_OCCURRED'), 'error');
 +
 
 +
/** Alternatively you may use chaining */
 +
JFactory::getApplication()->enqueueMessage(JText::_('SOME_ERROR_OCCURRED'), 'error');
 
</source>
 
</source>
  
The second argument to the enqueueMessage()-function is the type of message. Default is 'message', but 'error' gives a different style message. Try other types as well, to see how that works. The api for the JApplication-object can be found at:
+
The second argument to the [[JApplication/enqueueMessage|enqueueMessage]] function is the type of the message. The default is 'message', but 'error' results in a different style for the message. The message will be displayed in place of a special <tt>jdoc:include</tt> statement in your template. Place the following in your template at the location where you want messages to appear.
[http://api.joomla.org/Joomla-Framework/Application/JApplication.html JApplication API]
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The error message will now be displayed if the message-tag is present in your template. The message-field is added with the following statement in your template:
+
 
<source lang="php">
 
<source lang="php">
 
<jdoc:include type="message" />
 
<jdoc:include type="message" />
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</div>
 
</div>
 
<source lang="php">
 
<source lang="php">
/** PHP 4 */
 
$app = JFactory::getApplication()
 
$app->enqueueMessage('Message');
 
 
/** PHP 5 */
 
 
JFactory::getApplication()->enqueueMessage('Message');
 
JFactory::getApplication()->enqueueMessage('Message');
 
 
</source>
 
</source>
  
Line 38: Line 31:
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
<source lang="php">
 
<source lang="php">
JError::raiseNotice(100, 'Notice');
+
JError::raiseNotice( 100, 'Notice' );
 
</source>
 
</source>
  
Line 47: Line 40:
 
</div>
 
</div>
 
<source lang="php">
 
<source lang="php">
JError::raiseWarning(100, 'Warning');
+
JError::raiseWarning( 100, 'Warning' );
 
</source>
 
</source>
  
 
== Error ==
 
== Error ==
 
<source lang="php">
 
<source lang="php">
JError::raiseError(4711, 'A severe error occured');
+
JError::raiseError( 4711, 'A severe error occurred' );
 
</source>
 
</source>
 +
 +
== Joomla! 3.x is bootstraped ==
 +
Since Joomla! {{JVer|3.x}} uses bootstraped templates, the messages will use the standard bootstrap CSS styles for Alerts.
 +
 +
See: http://twitter.github.com/bootstrap/components.html#alerts
 +
 +
The general syntax remains:
 +
 +
<source lang="php">
 +
JFactory::getApplication()->enqueueMessage('Your Message', 'type');
 +
</source>
 +
 +
Where '''type''' can be one of
 +
 +
* 'warning' - yellow
 +
* 'notice' - blue
 +
* 'error' - red
 +
* 'message' (or empty) - green
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
 
* [[JError]]
 
* [[JError]]
 +
* [[JApplication]]
 +
*  [http://api.joomla.org/1.5/Joomla-Framework/Application/JApplication.html JApplication on api.joomla.org]
 +
 +
<noinclude>[[Category:Development]]</noinclude>
 +
[[Category:Tutorials]][[Category:Component Development]]

Revision as of 04:34, 29 April 2013

Contents

Errors, warnings and notices can be displayed from any component, module, plugin or template using the methods outlined below.

// Get a handle to the Joomla! application object
$application = JFactory::getApplication();
 
// Add a message to the message queue
$application->enqueueMessage(JText::_('SOME_ERROR_OCCURRED'), 'error');
 
/** Alternatively you may use chaining */
JFactory::getApplication()->enqueueMessage(JText::_('SOME_ERROR_OCCURRED'), 'error');

The second argument to the enqueueMessage function is the type of the message. The default is 'message', but 'error' results in a different style for the message. The message will be displayed in place of a special jdoc:include statement in your template. Place the following in your template at the location where you want messages to appear.

<jdoc:include type="message" />

Message

Message

JFactory::getApplication()->enqueueMessage('Message');

Notice

Notice

JError::raiseNotice( 100, 'Notice' );

Warning

Warning

JError::raiseWarning( 100, 'Warning' );

Error

JError::raiseError( 4711, 'A severe error occurred' );

Joomla! 3.x is bootstraped

Since Joomla! Joomla 3.x uses bootstraped templates, the messages will use the standard bootstrap CSS styles for Alerts.

See: http://twitter.github.com/bootstrap/components.html#alerts

The general syntax remains:

JFactory::getApplication()->enqueueMessage('Your Message', 'type');

Where type can be one of

  • 'warning' - yellow
  • 'notice' - blue
  • 'error' - red
  • 'message' (or empty) - green

See also