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How to override the component mvc from the Joomla! core

From Joomla! Documentation

Revision as of 12:38, 14 February 2013 by Javiparati (Talk | contribs)

Contents

NOTICE

This method only works if you install and enable the 3rd party MVC plugin - or provide your own equivalent plugin. It is fine for advanced developers - just be aware that this is not part of Joomla! Core code

Summary

There may be times when you need to override the Joomla! MVC Component to add new functionality or to completely customise the component. The MVC component can be completely overridden by using the same class names that are used in the component. This is achieved by loading a system plugin before the component is dispatched by the application.

You can create your own plugin to do this.

class plgSystemComContentOverride extends JPlugin {
      public function __construct(&$subject, $config = array()) {
         parent::__construct($subject, $config);
     }

     public function onAfterRoute() {
         $app = JFactory::getApplication();
         if('com_content' == JRequest::getCMD('option') && !$app->isAdmin()) {
             require_once(dirname(__FILE__) . DS . 'comcontentoverride' . DS . 'my_content_controller.php');
         }
     } 
}



In the examples below we are using an Override MVC plugin


Getting a head-start with overrides

You can override by templating or by application scope (frontend/backend).

Using a templating method

Override Base Component Controller

TEMPLATE_NAME/code/COMPONENT_NAME/CONTROLLER.php

Override Another Component Controller

TEMPLATE_NAME/code/COMPONENT_NAME/controllers/CONTROLLER_NAME.php

Override Models

TEMPLATE_NAME/code/COMPONENT_NAME/models/MODEL_NAME.php

Override Views

TEMPLATE_NAME/code/COMPONENT_NAME/views/VIEW_NAME/VIEW_NAME(.FORMAT).php

Using application scope method

You can override by creating a code folder in the base path from application.

Note: this method is experimental. Please read this https://groups.google.com/forum/?fromgroups=#!searchin/joomla-dev-cms/override/joomla-dev-cms/_vVxbHsXm20/JdsBRP8xrPAJ and this first http://joomlacode.org/gf/project/joomla/tracker/?action=TrackerItemEdit&tracker_item_id=29031

Site General Override

code/COMPONENT_NAME/CONTROLLER.php

Override Another Component Controller

code/COMPONENT_NAME/controllers/CONTROLLER_NAME.php

Override Models

code/COMPONENT_NAME/models/MODEL_NAME.php

Override Views

code/COMPONENT_NAME/views/VIEW_NAME/VIEW_NAME(.FORMAT).php

Administrator General Override

administrator/code/COMPONENT_NAME/CONTROLLER.php

Override Another Component Controller

administrator/code/COMPONENT_NAME/controllers/CONTROLLER_NAME.php

Override Models

administrator/code/COMPONENT_NAME/models/MODEL_NAME.php

Override Views

administrator/code/COMPONENT_NAME/views/VIEW_NAME/VIEW_NAME(.FORMAT).php

Extending Default Class

if you ENABLE the override class functionality you can extend original classes and override your custom methods.

See this example with banner controller:

file: administrator/code/com_banners/controller.php

/**
 * @copyright	Copyright (C) 2005 - 2012 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * @license		GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
 */
// No direct access
defined('_JEXEC') or die;
/**
 * Banners master display controller.
 *
 * @package		Joomla.Administrator
 * @subpackage	com_banners
 * @since		1.6
 */
class BannersController extends BannersControllerDefault
{
//your custom methods here
}