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Difference between revisions of "Design the content: Sections and Categories: Joomla! 1.5"

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{{version/tutor|1.5}}{{:Getting Started Page Index/1.5}}
It is one of a series of documents introducing Joomla! 1.5 and it is part of the background to creating a new site.
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This is one of a series of documents introducing Joomla! 1.5 and it is part of the background to creating a new site.
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The aim of this document is:-
 
The aim of this document is:-
:* to explore how the content of Joomla! sites is organised in a heirachy, using Sections, Categories and Articles.
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:* to explore how the content of Joomla! sites is organised in a hierarchy, using Sections, Categories and Articles.
 
:* to explore how to design the content structure
 
:* to explore how to design the content structure
 
:* to demonstrate how to decide which Sections and Categories are needed for a new site.
 
:* to demonstrate how to decide which Sections and Categories are needed for a new site.
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:It assumes that you have explored adding and altering Articles
 
:It assumes that you have explored adding and altering Articles
  
===Overview of the heirachy of Sections, Categories and Articles===
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===Overview of the hierarchy of Sections, Categories and Articles===
Joomla! has a heirachical structure in the background for organising the content of the site. You need to know about this because it is better to plan ahead and exploit the content structure than set off in a random direction. This equally true whether you are creating a new site or altering an existing one.
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Joomla! has a hierarchical structure in the background for organising the content of the site. You need to know about this because it is better to plan ahead and exploit the content structure than set off in a random direction. This equally true whether you are creating a new site or altering an existing one.
*There are three levels in the content heirachy:-
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*There are three levels in the content hierarchy:-
 
#'''Section:''' the top level.
 
#'''Section:''' the top level.
 
#'''Category:''' the second level.
 
#'''Category:''' the second level.
 
#'''Articles:''' which are in Categories.
 
#'''Articles:''' which are in Categories.
And, outside the heirachy but closely associated with it:-
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And, outside the hierarchy but closely associated with it:-
:*''' Menus:''' these are familiar parts of many web sites and are used for site navigation. They are not part of the organisation in the content heirachy. See [[Design appearance using Menus and Modules: Joomla! 1.5|Background: Menus and Modules]]
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:*''' Menus:''' these are familiar parts of many web sites and are used for site navigation. They are not part of the organisation in the content hierarchy. See [[Design appearance using Menus and Modules: Joomla! 1.5|Background: Menus and Modules]]
 
You should already be aware of the vocabulary of Sections, Categories, Articles and Menus from other documents in this series.
 
You should already be aware of the vocabulary of Sections, Categories, Articles and Menus from other documents in this series.
  
==Exploring the hierachy of Sections, Categories, Articles==
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==Exploring the hierarchy of Sections, Categories, Articles==
 
These can best be explored by looking at the Administrator pages of an existing site.
 
These can best be explored by looking at the Administrator pages of an existing site.
  
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===Categories===
 
===Categories===
 
*Categories are the second level of organization. Every Section contains one or more Categories.  
 
*Categories are the second level of organization. Every Section contains one or more Categories.  
*There is a special Section, built into Joomla!, called 'Uncategorized'. This is outside the content hierachy but can be displayed through a menu item.
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*There is a special Section, built into Joomla!, called 'Uncategorized'. This is outside the content hierarchy but can be displayed through a menu item.
  
 
'''Explore the Category Manager'''
 
'''Explore the Category Manager'''
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===Summary===
 
===Summary===
  
*Sections, Categories and Articles work together to create a hierachy of items.  
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*Sections, Categories and Articles work together to create a hierarchy of items.  
 
*Sections and Categories group articles in a logical structure that makes the site easier to use, manage and understand.
 
*Sections and Categories group articles in a logical structure that makes the site easier to use, manage and understand.
 
*Articles are organised inside Categories, which are themselves organised within Sections. This is the organisation of the Articles in the Back-end.
 
*Articles are organised inside Categories, which are themselves organised within Sections. This is the organisation of the Articles in the Back-end.
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*There are built-in layouts in Joomla! that take advantage of this organization and make it possible to list articles that belong to Sections or Categories.
 
*There are built-in layouts in Joomla! that take advantage of this organization and make it possible to list articles that belong to Sections or Categories.
  
==Design a content heirachy for a new Web site==
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==Design a content hierarchy for a new Web site==
 
For a New web site you need to:-
 
For a New web site you need to:-
* design a suitable hierachy for new content  
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; Design a suitable hierarchy for new content  
There is no automatic way to do this - you have to think about it and whether you are going to want to exploit blog and list layouts.
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:There is no automatic way to do this - you have to think about it and whether you are going to want to exploit blog and list layouts.
  
<div style="border:thin solid navy; margin-left:50px; margin-right:50px; background: #F0F8FF; width: 80%;">
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{{ref|'''Blog and list layouts:''' These are choices for displaying articles under different types of menus - see [[Design appearance using Menus and Modules: Joomla! 1.5|Background: using Menus and Modules]]}}
<span style="color:#000080"> '''Blog and list layouts:''' These are choices for displaying articles under different types of menus - see [[Design appearance using Menus and Modules: Joomla! 1.5|Background: using Menus and Modules]]</span>
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</div>
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Note that the sample site - and many others - use a variety of techniques. They do not limit themselves to one level in the heirachy but set up the design to allow for multiple levels of content and also some blog and list layouts.  
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Note that the sample site - and many others - use a variety of techniques. They do not limit themselves to one level in the hierarchy but set up the design to allow for multiple levels of content and also some blog and list layouts.  
  
 
===Looking at what information you are going to have on your site===
 
===Looking at what information you are going to have on your site===
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;Associations
 
;Associations
: There are many organisations who want to keep their members in touch with one another and also provide information about activities. There are also orgnisations who want to disseminate informatation, or even to campaign on particular issues. They may need a less complex structure than a clb, but might expect a certain amount of interactivity with people contributing content and news.
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: There are many organisations who want to keep their members in touch with one another and also provide information about activities. There are also orgnisations who want to disseminate informatation, or even to campaign on particular issues. They may need a less complex structure than a club, but might expect a certain amount of interactivity with people contributing content and news.
  
 
;Personal sites
 
;Personal sites
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----
 
----
  
'''Things to think about:-'''
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====Things to think about====
 
;How clear are you as to what the content will be exactly?
 
;How clear are you as to what the content will be exactly?
 
:It may help if there is an existing site, or a similar one which will give hints about likely topics.
 
:It may help if there is an existing site, or a similar one which will give hints about likely topics.
 
;What are the main topics to be covered?
 
;What are the main topics to be covered?
:Some sites lend themselves to being thought of as heirachies and others do not fall so easily into place. There may be a number of separate topics, for example.
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:Some sites lend themselves to being thought of as hierarchies and others do not fall so easily into place. There may be a number of separate topics, for example.
 
;How much content do you expect and does it change a lot
 
;How much content do you expect and does it change a lot
 
:Changing content gives a dynamic or interactive web site
 
:Changing content gives a dynamic or interactive web site
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:Some sites allow a lot of visitors to add content - some allow very few
 
:Some sites allow a lot of visitors to add content - some allow very few
  
The final design depends a lot on the range of content and how you think of it in a Section/Category heirachy. If you are not in a hurry and not very experienced, there is a lot to be said for Serendipity, that is to say finding out about your requiremtns as you go along. So you do not have to stick rigidly to your initial thoughts. It worth having an inital plan, even if you do change it in the light of experience.
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The final design depends a lot on the range of content and how you think of it in a Section/Category hierarchy. If you are not in a hurry and not very experienced, there is a lot to be said for Serendipity, that is to say finding out about your requirements as you go along. So you do not have to stick rigidly to your initial thoughts. It worth having an inital plan, even if you do change it in the light of experience.
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----
  
 
====A pencil and paper iterative process ====
 
====A pencil and paper iterative process ====
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;Add other information
 
;Add other information
 
: this helps you group things together. Consider things like whether there will be a lot of content changes and who might update it.
 
: this helps you group things together. Consider things like whether there will be a lot of content changes and who might update it.
;Organise the slips to make a heirachy
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;Organise the slips to make a hierarchy
 
:They can be moved around and as you do this - you will notice things you have not included.
 
:They can be moved around and as you do this - you will notice things you have not included.
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;List the Sections and Categories out clearly ready to create them on the web site.
  
List the Sections and Categories out clearly ready to create them on the web site.
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====Example - part of a hierarchy for a club web site ====
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The example below takes part of a design for a sailing club web site showing how the basic information about the club could be designed in Section and Categories. Here the site is presenting some information about the club. The whole web site would have maybe five or six Sections and a number of Categories under each Section. They would be based on the kinds of information that members and others need, such as programmes of events, weather conditions, the kinds of boats sailed and so on.
  
===Example - part of a heirachy for a club web site ===
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<div style="border:thin solid black; margin-left:50px; margin-right:50px; background: #f5f5f5; width:40%">
 
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:'''An example: '''This will be used again in defining a menu structure and setting up a site
The example below takes part of a design for a sailing club web site showing how the basic information about the club could be designed in Section and Categories. Here the site is presenting some information about the club. The whole web site would hve maybe five or six Sections and a number of Categories under each Section.
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:{| border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"
 
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{| border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0"
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| width="205" | '''Section'''
 
| width="205" | '''Section'''
 
| width="205" | '''Category'''
 
| width="205" | '''Category'''
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| width="205" | History
 
| width="205" | History
 
|}
 
|}
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</div>
  
 
==Where next?==
 
==Where next?==
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*[http://help.joomla.org/ghop/feb2008/task048/joomla_15_quickstart.pdf Quick start guide ]  
 
*[http://help.joomla.org/ghop/feb2008/task048/joomla_15_quickstart.pdf Quick start guide ]  
  
==Index to other documents in this series==
 
{{:GSFooter}}
 
  
 
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--[[User:LornaS|Lorna Scammell]] January 2011
 
--[[User:LornaS|Lorna Scammell]] January 2011

Latest revision as of 06:20, 6 June 2013