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(Created page with "[http://nginx.net/ Nginx] is light-weight web-server which run on more than 6% over internet web-servers[http://news.netcraft.com/]. Here are some instructions on how-to install...")
 
(Corrected link to Wikipedia article (for usage). Corrected language and punctuation.)
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[http://nginx.net/ Nginx] is light-weight web-server which run on more than 6% over internet web-servers[http://news.netcraft.com/].
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[http://nginx.net/ nginx] is a lightweight Web server that powers about 13% of Web servers across all domains[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nginx#Description]. Unless you have specific requirements that demand a heavy Web server like Apache, you are much better off using nginx.
  
Here are some instructions on how-to install it on Gentoo Linux machine and install joomla within this server.
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Below are instructions on how to get Joomla! running with [http://wiki.nginx.org/PHPFcgiExample nginx and PHP via FastCGI].
  
== PHP installation ==  
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== Install nginx ==
PHP will run as fastcgi service (fpm), so Nginx server will run php separately (as different process):
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For Ubuntu, run <tt>aptitude install nginx</tt>. For other distros, run the corresponding package manager, or see http://wiki.nginx.org/Install.
 +
 
 +
== Install PHP FastCGI ==  
 +
For Ubuntu, read this excellent page on how to [http://wiki.nginx.org/PHPFcgiExample configure PHP and FastCGI for nginx].
 +
 
 +
For Gentoo, PHP will run as a FastCGI service (fpm), so the nginx server will run PHP as a separated process:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
# echo "dev-lang/php gd gd2 curl simplexml tokenizer dom tidy sqlite xml fpm cgi" >> /etc/portage/package.use
 
# echo "dev-lang/php gd gd2 curl simplexml tokenizer dom tidy sqlite xml fpm cgi" >> /etc/portage/package.use
 
# emerge php
 
# emerge php
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
The default of php-fpm is good for most servers. For special configuration visit [http://php.net/manual/en/install.fpm.php php site].
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The default settings of php-fpm are good for most servers. For special configurations, visit the [http://php.net/manual/en/install.fpm.php PHP FPM site].
== Install nginx ==
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In Linux you'll need to use emerge command. In other distros it would be apt-get, rpm, etc (depend on the distro).
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<pre>
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# emerge nginx
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</pre>
+
  
 
== Configure Nginx ==
 
== Configure Nginx ==
 +
nginx configuration files reside in:
 +
* <tt>/etc/nginx/sites-available/</tt> on Ubuntu (for sites running on that nginx instance)
 +
* <tt>/etc/nginx/nginx.conf</tt> on Gentoo and Raspbian(= Debian optimized for Raspberry Pi)
 +
 +
Here is an sample nginx configuration file, joomla.conf, that you can reuse over all your nginx enabled-sites.
  
The configuration of the virtual host on Gentoo lives in /etc/nginx/nginx.conf. Here is example from the author server:
 
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
        server {
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server {
                listen 80;
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        listen 80;
                server_name YOUR_DOMAIN;
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        server_name YOUR_DOMAIN;
                server_name_in_redirect off;
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        server_name_in_redirect off;
  
                access_log /var/log/nginx/localhost.access_log main;
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        access_log /var/log/nginx/localhost.access_log main;
                error_log /var/log/nginx/localhost.error_log info;
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        error_log /var/log/nginx/localhost.error_log info;
  
                root PATH_ON_SERVER;
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        root PATH_ON_SERVER;
                # this is the sef of Joomla
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        index index.php index.html index.htm default.html default.htm;
                location / {
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        # Support Clean (aka Search Engine Friendly) URLs
                        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?q=$request_uri;
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        location / {
                }
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                try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;
 +
        }
  
                index index.php index.html index.htm default.html default.htm;
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        # deny running scripts inside writable directories
                # unauthorize running scripts inside writable directories
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        location ~* /(images|cache|media|logs|tmp)/.*\.(php|pl|py|jsp|asp|sh|cgi)$ {
                location ~* /(images|cache|media|logs|tmp)/.*\.(php|pl|py|jsp|asp|sh|cgi)$ {
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                return 403;
                        return 403;
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                error_page 403 /403_error.html;
                        error_page 403 /403_error.html;
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        }
                }
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                location ~ .*.php$ {
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        location ~ \.php$ {
                    include /etc/nginx/fastcgi.conf;
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            fastcgi_pass  127.0.0.1:9000;
                    fastcgi_pass  127.0.0.1:9000;
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            fastcgi_index index.php;
                    fastcgi_index index.php;
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            include fastcgi_params;
                    include fastcgi_params;
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            fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
                    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
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            include /etc/nginx/fastcgi.conf;
                }
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        }
  
                # caching of files  
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        # caching of files  
                location ~* \.(ico|pdf|flv)$ {
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        location ~* \.(ico|pdf|flv)$ {
                        expires 1y;
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                 expires 1y;
                 }
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        }
 
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                location ~* \.(ico|pdf|flv)$ {
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                        expires 1y;
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                }
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                location ~* \.(js|css|png|jpg|jpeg|gif|swf|xml|txt)$ {
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                        expires 14d;
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                }
+
  
 +
        location ~* \.(js|css|png|jpg|jpeg|gif|swf|xml|txt)$ {
 +
                expires 14d;
 
         }
 
         }
  
 +
}
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
  
Pay attention for few things:
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Pay attention to a few things:
# The sef of Joomla is inside.
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# The parameter <tt>fastcgi_pass</tt> is set to 127.0.0.1:9000, corresponding to the port that fpm is configured to listen to. This means you can run the PHP processes on separate servers. On Gentoo, you can find this configuration in <tt>/etc/php/fpm-php5.3/php-fpm.conf/</tt>
# The argument fastcgi_pass set to 127.0.0.1:9000 as the fpm configured to listen on this port. That's mean you can run the php on separate servers. You can find this configuration in /etc/php/fpm-php5.3/php-fpm.conf/
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# Don't forget to replace YOUR_DOMAIN & PATH_ON_SERVER above depending on your domain and the path of Joomla on your server.
# Don't forget to replace YOUR_DOMAIN & PATH_ON_SERVER depend on your domain and the path of Joomla on your server.
+
  
 
== GZip support ==
 
== GZip support ==
If you need GZip compression support add the next code into the http section (inside /etc/nginx/nginx.conf:
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If you need GZip compression support, add the following section to the http section of the main nginx configuration file:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
         gzip on;
 
         gzip on;
Line 83: Line 81:
 
         gzip_disable    "MSIE [1-6]\.";
 
         gzip_disable    "MSIE [1-6]\.";
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
 +
 +
== Sources ==
 +
* [http://en.gentoo-wiki.com/wiki/Nginx Nginx in Gentoo]
 +
* [http://www.kevinworthington.com/nginx-for-windows/ Nginx for Windows]
 +
* [http://wiki.nginx.org/Install#Ubuntu_PPA Nginx in Ubuntu]
 +
* [http://www.debianadmin.com/howto-install-nginx-webserver-in-debian.html Nginx in Debian]
 +
* [http://php.net/manual/en/install.fpm.php PHP-FPM installation and configuration]
 +
* [http://wiki.nginx.org/HttpGzipModule GZip in Nginx]
 +
* [http://wiki.nginx.org/HttpRewriteModule Rewrite in Nginx]
 +
* [http://nginx.org/en/docs/http/request_processing.html How nginx processes a request]

Revision as of 13:17, 10 November 2013

nginx is a lightweight Web server that powers about 13% of Web servers across all domains[1]. Unless you have specific requirements that demand a heavy Web server like Apache, you are much better off using nginx.

Below are instructions on how to get Joomla! running with nginx and PHP via FastCGI.

Contents

Install nginx

For Ubuntu, run aptitude install nginx. For other distros, run the corresponding package manager, or see http://wiki.nginx.org/Install.

Install PHP FastCGI

For Ubuntu, read this excellent page on how to configure PHP and FastCGI for nginx.

For Gentoo, PHP will run as a FastCGI service (fpm), so the nginx server will run PHP as a separated process:

# echo "dev-lang/php gd gd2 curl simplexml tokenizer dom tidy sqlite xml fpm cgi" >> /etc/portage/package.use
# emerge php

The default settings of php-fpm are good for most servers. For special configurations, visit the PHP FPM site.

Configure Nginx

nginx configuration files reside in:

  • /etc/nginx/sites-available/ on Ubuntu (for sites running on that nginx instance)
  • /etc/nginx/nginx.conf on Gentoo and Raspbian(= Debian optimized for Raspberry Pi)

Here is an sample nginx configuration file, joomla.conf, that you can reuse over all your nginx enabled-sites.

server {
        listen 80;
        server_name YOUR_DOMAIN;
        server_name_in_redirect off;

        access_log /var/log/nginx/localhost.access_log main;
        error_log /var/log/nginx/localhost.error_log info;

        root PATH_ON_SERVER;
        index index.php index.html index.htm default.html default.htm;
        # Support Clean (aka Search Engine Friendly) URLs
        location / {
                try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;
        }

        # deny running scripts inside writable directories
        location ~* /(images|cache|media|logs|tmp)/.*\.(php|pl|py|jsp|asp|sh|cgi)$ {
                return 403;
                error_page 403 /403_error.html;
        }

        location ~ \.php$ {
            fastcgi_pass  127.0.0.1:9000;
            fastcgi_index index.php;
            include fastcgi_params;
            fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
            include /etc/nginx/fastcgi.conf;
        }

        # caching of files 
        location ~* \.(ico|pdf|flv)$ {
                expires 1y;
        }

        location ~* \.(js|css|png|jpg|jpeg|gif|swf|xml|txt)$ {
                expires 14d;
        }

}

Pay attention to a few things:

  1. The parameter fastcgi_pass is set to 127.0.0.1:9000, corresponding to the port that fpm is configured to listen to. This means you can run the PHP processes on separate servers. On Gentoo, you can find this configuration in /etc/php/fpm-php5.3/php-fpm.conf/
  2. Don't forget to replace YOUR_DOMAIN & PATH_ON_SERVER above depending on your domain and the path of Joomla on your server.

GZip support

If you need GZip compression support, add the following section to the http section of the main nginx configuration file:

        gzip on;
        gzip_http_version 1.1;
        gzip_comp_level 6;
        gzip_min_length 1100;
        gzip_buffers 4 8k;
        gzip_types text/plain application/xhtml+xml text/css application/xml application/xml+rss text/javascript application/javascript application/x-javascr$
        gzip_proxied     any;
        gzip_disable     "MSIE [1-6]\.";

Sources