From Joomla! Documentation

< API16:JRoute

The "API16" namespace is an archived namespace. This page contains information for a Joomla! version which is no longer supported. It exists only as a historical reference, it will not be improved and its content may be incomplete and/or contain broken links.


Translates an internal Joomla URL to a humanly readible URL.


static _($url, $xhtml=true, $ssl=null)
Parameter Name Default Value Description
$url $url Absolute or Relative URI to resource.
$xhtml true $xhtml Replace & by &amp; for xml compilance.
$ssl null $ssl Secure state for the resolved URI. 1: Make URI secure using global secure site URI. 0: Leave URI in the same secure state as it was passed to the function. -1: Make URI unsecure using the global unsecure site URI.


The translated humanly readible URL.

Defined in



jimport( 'joomla.methods' );

Source Body

public static function _($url, $xhtml = true, $ssl = null)
        // Get the router.
        $app = &JFactory::getApplication();
        $router = &$app->getRouter();

        // Make sure that we have our router
        if (!$router) {
                return null;

        if ((strpos($url, '&') !== 0) && (strpos($url, 'index.php') !== 0)) {
                return $url;

        // Build route.
        $uri = &$router->build($url);
        $url = $uri->toString(array('path', 'query', 'fragment'));

        // Replace spaces.
        $url = preg_replace('/\s/u', '%20', $url);

         * Get the secure/unsecure URLs.
         * If the first 5 characters of the BASE are 'https', then we are on an ssl connection over
         * https and need to set our secure URL to the current request URL, if not, and the scheme is
         * 'http', then we need to do a quick string manipulation to switch schemes.
        if ((int) $ssl)
                $uri = &JURI::getInstance();

                // Get additional parts.
                static $prefix;
                if (!$prefix)
                        $prefix = $uri->toString(array('host', 'port'));

                // Determine which scheme we want.
                $scheme = ($ssl === 1) ? 'https' : 'http';

                // Make sure our URL path begins with a slash.
                if (!preg_match('#^/#', $url)) {
                        $url = '/'.$url;

                // Build the URL.
                $url = $scheme.'://'.$prefix.$url;

        if ($xhtml) {
                $url = str_replace('&', '&amp;', $url);

        return $url;


Code Examples

    // displays the SEF URL to view article ID# 86
    // 'Search Engine Friendly URLs' must be enabled in the Global config for this to have any effect
    echo JRoute::_('index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=86');