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< API16:JTableContent

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Method to set the publishing state for a row or list of rows in the database table. The method respects checked out rows by other users and will attempt to checkin rows that it can after adjustments are made.


publish($pks=null, $state=1, $userId=0)
Parameter Name Default Value Description
$pks null An optional array of primary key values to update. If not set the instance property value is used.
$state 1 The publishing state. eg. [0 = unpublished, 1 = published]
$userId 0 The user id of the user performing the operation.


boolean True on success.

Defined in



jimport( 'joomla.database.table.content' );

Source Body

public function publish($pks = null, $state = 1, $userId = 0)
        // Initialise variables.
        $k = $this->_tbl_key;

        // Sanitize input.
        $userId = (int) $userId;
        $state  = (int) $state;

        // If there are no primary keys set check to see if the instance key is set.
        if (empty($pks)) {
                if ($this->$k) {
                        $pks = array($this->$k);
                // Nothing to set publishing state on, return false.
                else {
                        return false;

        // Build the WHERE clause for the primary keys.
        $where = $k.'='.implode(' OR '.$k.'=', $pks);

        // Determine if there is checkin support for the table.
        if (!property_exists($this, 'checked_out') || !property_exists($this, 'checked_out_time')) {
                $checkin = '';
        } else {
                $checkin = ' AND (checked_out = 0 OR checked_out = '.(int) $userId.')';

        // Update the publishing state for rows with the given primary keys.
                'UPDATE `'.$this->_tbl.'`' .
                ' SET `state` = '.(int) $state .
                ' WHERE ('.$where.')' .

        // Check for a database error.
        if ($this->_db->getErrorNum()) {
                return false;

        // If checkin is supported and all rows were adjusted, check them in.
        if ($checkin && (count($pks) == $this->_db->getAffectedRows())) {
                // Checkin the rows.
                foreach($pks as $pk) {

        // If the JTable instance value is in the list of primary keys that were set, set the instance.
        if (in_array($this->$k, $pks)) {
                $this->state = $state;

        return true;


Code Examples