Developing a MVC Component/Developing a Basic Component
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Articles in this Series
- Developing a Basic Component
- Adding a view to the site part
- Adding a menu type to the site part
- Adding a model to the site part
- Adding a variable request in the menu type
- Using the database
- Basic backend
- Adding language management
- Adding backend actions
- Adding decorations to the backend
- Adding verifications
- Adding categories
- Adding configuration
- Adding ACL
- Adding an install/uninstall/update script file
- Using the language filter facility
- Adding an update server
- Example of a Frontend Update Function
- Example of Menu Parameters & Stylesheets
This tutorial is part of the Developing a Model-View-Controller (MVC) Component for Joomla!2.5 tutorial.
The first basic component
Let's create a Hello World! component.
With your favorite file manager and editor, create a file yoursite/components/com_helloworld/helloworld.php containing
You can test this basic component by putting index.php?option=com_helloworld in your browser address (don't forget to prefix this address with your Joomla!2.5 installation path) after installing this component.
With your favorite file manager and editor, create a file yoursite/administrator/components/com_helloworld/helloworld.php containing
Hello world administration
You can test this basic component by putting administrator/index.php?option=com_helloworld in your browser address after installing the component.
Packaging an installation zip file
If you have used Joomla before reading this tutorial, you have noticed that extensions are installed using a compressed file containing all the things which are needed for installing and uninstalling them.
With your favorite file manager, create a directory (outside your Joomla installation directory) containing
admin/sql/updates/mysql/0.0.1.sql is an empty file allowing to initialise schema version of the com_helloworld component.
Create a compressed file of this directory or directly download the archive and install it using the extension manager of Joomla. You can test this basic component by putting index.php?option=com_helloworld or administrator/index.php?option=com_helloworld in your browser address. You can also notice that the Hello World! component is visible in the administrator site of your Joomla installation under the Components menu.
Note: <name>Hello World!</name> is tricking you into thinking that this is actually only a name, and you could call it 'fluffy' or 'bippo', but this is not true. As far as I understand the name in between the tags is getting automagically lowercased, white spaces and special characters are removed (the ! for example) and joomla starts to look for files/folders responding to this name. So the name you are giving there is actually very crucial for your component to work. In other words, if you would change "Hello World!" to "helloworld" everyhting would still work. If you would change it to "helloworld2" the component would be looking for different folders and file names.
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <extension type="component" version="2.5.0" method="upgrade"> <name>Hello World!</name> <!-- The following elements are optional and free of formatting constraints --> <creationDate>November 2009</creationDate> <author>John Doe</author> <authorEmail>firstname.lastname@example.org</authorEmail> <authorUrl>http://www.example.org</authorUrl> <copyright>Copyright Info</copyright> <license>License Info</license> <!-- The version string is recorded in the components table --> <version>0.0.1</version> <!-- The description is optional and defaults to the name --> <description>Description of the Hello World component ...</description> <update> <!-- Runs on update; New in 2.5 --> <schemas> <schemapath type="mysql">sql/updates/mysql</schemapath> </schemas> </update> <!-- Site Main File Copy Section --> <!-- Note the folder attribute: This attribute describes the folder to copy FROM in the package to install therefore files copied in this section are copied from /site/ in the package --> <files folder="site"> <filename>index.html</filename> <filename>helloworld.php</filename> </files> <administration> <!-- Administration Menu Section --> <menu>Hello World!</menu> <!-- Administration Main File Copy Section --> <!-- Note the folder attribute: This attribute describes the folder to copy FROM in the package to install therefore files copied in this section are copied from /admin/ in the package --> <files folder="admin"> <!-- Admin Main File Copy Section --> <filename>index.html</filename> <filename>helloworld.php</filename> <!-- SQL files section --> <folder>sql</folder> </files> </administration> </extension>
Hello World administration
index.html common to all folders
Next: Adding a view to the site part