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Joomla! tiene diferentes formas de almacenar "cosas" en caché. He aquí un resumen para los administradores y desarrolladores de qué, dónde y cuándo.

As an administrator, Joomla provides you with the ability to cache parts of your site. You can choose to cache whole web pages or just parts of those pages. This guide explains how.

On a Joomla site web page there are 3 things which may be cached:

  1. The whole page itself – the Page cache
  2. The output from the Joomla component for that web page – known as the View cache
  3. The output from the modules shown on that page – known as the Module cache

You have a number of cache settings which allow you to control what gets cached:

  1. The system plugin "System – Page Cache"
  2. The Global Configuration, System tab, Cache Settings. Here the System Cache option may be set to
    • OFF – Caching disabled
    • ON – Conservative caching
    • ON – Progressive caching
  3. Many modules within their options have an Advanced tab in which the Caching can be set to Use global or No caching

As described below, there are also rules for caching which are implemented within the Joomla code, and over which you have no control.

You can clear the cache through the Administrator → System → Clear Cache menu selection.

In general, you can think of Joomla having 3 levels of cache, increasing in aggressiveness

  1. Conservative caching
  2. Progressive caching
  3. Page caching

We'll look at these three in detail below.

In addition, Joomla developers can use caching facilities to store the result of database queries, for example, to increase the responsiveness of the site, but this is outside the scope of Administrator capabilities.

Page Caching

To switch this on, go to Administrator → Extensions → Plugins. Then find the System – Page Cache plugin, and enable it. This means that site pages will now be cached and whenever they're requested again, the cached page will be served, rather than it being generated by Joomla from the information in the database. The cached page will continue to be served until it's expired – as defined by the Cache Time parameter in the Administrator → Global Configuration → System tab → Cache Settings.

If you're reading this page as a tutorial and want to test the page caching, it's best to set the Global Configuration cache settings to:

  • Cache Handler – File
  • Path to Cache Folder – leave blank
  • Cache Time – 15 (the default of 15 minutes)
  • Platform Specific Caching - No
  • System Cache – OFF – Caching disabled

To verify that page caching is working, go to a website page that displays an article. After you display that page you should find in the file system a cache/page directory with a file in it which has a filename like <string of hex digits>-cache-page-<string of hex digits>.php. (Joomla has to store separate cache pages for separate URLs so the second string of hex digits is a hash of the URL of the site web page, to make the filename unique to that page).

Then use the Administrator functionality to change the text of that article, and redisplay the site web page. You should find the cached version, not your modified text.

Changing an article (or other Joomla item) does not clear the page cache for the web page(s) where that article is displayed. To clear the page cache go to Administrator → System → Clear Cache. Click on the checkbox next to the Cache Group called "page", and press the Delete button. When you redisplay your web page it should now show your amended text.

If your site has a function like a shopping basket, applying page caching will cause problems, as pages have to show what the customer has already selected, rather than displaying a cached page which is common to everyone. However, you can configure the System - Page Cache plugin to exclude caching specified Menu Items or specified URLs and URL ranges (in the Advanced tab), so that only truly static pages are cached.

Conservative Caching

With Conservative Caching you can cache the View output from components and the output from those Modules which allow caching. But note that this will work only on pages which are not cached using the Page Cache. For those pages the whole web page is cached, and Conservative Caching isn't even considered.

To switch on Conservative Caching:

  1. Go to Administrator → System → Global Configuration → System tab and within Cache Settings, set System Cache to ON – Conservative caching
  2. Go to Administrator → Extensions → Modules and select the modules which you'd like to be cached. If that module permits caching then under the Advanced tab you should be able to set Caching to
  • Use Global – this module will be cached (with the Global option now having been set to Conservative caching)
  • No caching – this module will not be cached.

(Note that the Cache Time in the Global Configuration is in minutes but the Cache Time in the Module settings is in seconds.)

To check it's working, go to your site, ensure that you are logged out, and navigate to a web page which displays an article. Check your file system and you should find a folder cache/com_content containing a cache file.

You'll also find other directories such as cache/com_languages (as displaying the page involves loading the current language, and this will be cached as well) and also directories relating to module cache, e.g. cache/com_modules. These result from the use of cache which developers have coded within the Joomla application.

If you edit and save that article then refresh the site page, you will find that the site displays the updated text this time. This is because whenever the edit is saved, Joomla clears the cache for that article.

However, you can demonstrate that the cache is working if you edit the cache file in the cache/com_content directory using a basic text editor. Using the editor, change one letter within the article text in the cache file and save the file. Then when you refresh the web page you should see the change that you made to the cache file.

How can you select which component views get cached, and under what circumstances? Alas, you can't do this. This is determined by the Joomla core component developers and coded in the component PHP code. The criteria are different for each component. However, you can easily discover what criteria are used because for each of the site components they are coded in the site controller.php file. For example, at the time of this writing (Joomla version 3.9.2) for the Contacts component we find in components/com_contact/controller.php

if (JFactory::getApplication()->getUserState('') === null)
	$cachable = true;

This means that the views associated with contacts will be cachable unless there is session data keyed by – which will be the case if in the user session the user has displayed a contact form (e.g. on a page pointed to by a menu item of type Contacts → Single Contact).

The equivalent file for articles components/com_content/controller.php contains:

$cachable = true;
if ($user->get('id') || ($this->input->getMethod() === 'POST' && (($vName === 'category' && $this->input->get('layout') !== 'blog') || $vName === 'archive' )))
	$cachable = false;

The expression $user->get('id') is true if this is a logged-in user. This means that articles are never cached for logged-in users. The subsequent expressions relate to other conditions when the caching is not performed, even if the user is not logged in.

So in this way you can discover the circumstances under which caching is performed, but changing these is not advisable.

You can also demonstrate that modules are being cached by using the Joomla Breadcrumbs module, ensuring it's displayed in some module position on the web page, setting its Caching option and manually editing the cached file in cache/mod_breadcrumbs.

Progressive Caching

Like Conservative Caching, Progressive Caching also caches the output from component views and from modules. The functional difference between the two is that with Progressive Caching for logged-off users all modules are always cached. In this case, setting the No Caching option for a module has no effect. If the caching storage option is to File, you can find the modules cache file (the output from all modules is stored within the same file) within the cache/com_modules directory.

To switch on Progressive Caching, go to Administrator → System → Global Configuration → System tab and within Cache Settings set System Cache to ON – Progressive caching.

As regards the conditions for caching of Joomla core component views, there is no difference between conservative and progressive caching. Despite what you may read on some websites and responses to Stack Overflow questions, it is not the case that Conservative Caching relates to when the user is not logged on and Progressive Caching to when the user is logged on.


A summary of the caching types is below.

Page Caching

  • Configuration: Built-in Plugin (Administrator → Extensions → Plugin Manager → System - Page Cache)
  • Caches: each whole page of your site
  • Based on: URL
  • More info:
    • Optional browser caching: Also caches on your visitors' browser/computer
    • Only caches pages for guest visitors (not for logged in visitors). Be careful using this plugin if you have an interactive site where you want to server content based on session/cookie information rather than on the plain URL only. Features like a shopping cart will not work.

Ver almacenamiento en caché

  • Configuración: Configuración Global    Caché
  • Almacenar en Caché: cada vista de un componente
  • Basado en: URL, vista, parámetros, ...
  • Más información: Los desarrolladores de componentes tienen que incluirlo en su código para que funcione. La mayoría no lo hace. El componente del contenido principal de Joomla! lo utiliza, pero sólo para los visitantes de tu sitio, aunque esto no es obligatorio para cada componente.

Almacenar en Caché de un Módulo

  • Configuración: Configuración Global    Caché
  • Almacenamiento en Caché: cada módulo (personalizado individualmente a través de cada uno de los Parámetros Avanzados de los módulos)
  • Basado en: ?
  • Más info: debe desactivarse en algunos módulos para evitar problemas
  • Configuration: Global Config -> Cache
  • Caches: each module (individually customized via each module's Advanced Parameters)
  • Based on: the module id, the user's view levels and the Itemid parameter in the HTTP request
  • More info: You must disable it on some modules to avoid problems

Más Almacenamiento en Caché

Si quieres echa un vistazo a otros sistemas de caché y sus posibilidades, puede ser que desees comprobar las extensiones de terceras partes sobre el almacenamiento en caché.

If you want to check out other cache systems and possibilities, you might want to check out the third-party extensions around caching.

Almacenamiento en caché motores o almacenamientos

  • Configuración: Configuración Global    Caché

Aquí puedes elegir el sistema que quieres que use tu sitio para el almacenamiento en caché. Las opciones actuales son: APC, Eaccelorator, Archivo, Memcache, Redis, XCache.

  • Configuration: Global Config -> Cache

Here you can choose which system you want your site to use for all caching. Some options are: APC, Eaccelorator, File, Memcache, Redis, XCache.

APC, por ejemplo, también almacena en caché el código PHP.

Para Desarrolladores

La clase JCache permite diferentes tipos y niveles de almacenamiento en caché. Las siguientes sub-clases están hechas específicamente, pero puedes agregar las tuyas propias o usar la principal de muchas maneras diferentes.

The class JCache allows a lot of different sorts and levels of caching. The following subclasses are made specifically, but you can add your own, or use the main one in many different ways.

No olvides que el primer nivel de caché encontrado, sobrescribe el último almacenamiento en caché. Supongo que muchos niveles también es contraproducente (debe ser verificado siempre).

  • JCacheView almacena en caché y devuelve el resultado de una determinada vista (en MVC). Un caché de id se genera automáticamente a partir de la URI, de una vista específica y su método específico o puede dar el suyo propio.

Esto, automáticamente, puede ser realizado a través del controlador de base de la función de visualización. Por ejemplo, en el controlador de su componente:

class DeliciousController extends JController {
	function display() {
		parent::display(true); //true asks for caching.

También hay algunos urlparams a tener en cuenta. Mira esta "lista de Joomla!"

Además, debes ser consciente que cualquier actualización (tales como accesos o contar visita) NO será actualizado (a menos que se agregue esto fuera de este método y por lo tanto una parte más profunda del MVC.)

  • JCachePage almacena en caché y devuelve el cuerpo de la página.
  • JCacheCallback almacena en caché, devolviendo el resultado y los resultados de las funciones o métodos.

Si deseas almacenar en caché las consultas, esta es una buena clase para, como se ilustra aquí: Utilizar el almacenamiento en caché para acelerar tu código

  • JCacheOutput almacena en caché y devuelve el resultado.

Este es el lugar destinado para el almacenamiento en caché de una parte específica de código php. Actúa como un buffer de salida, pero en caché.