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Developing a MVC Component/Adding a model to the site part

From Joomla! Documentation

< J2.5:Developing a MVC Component(Redirected from Developing a Model-View-Controller (MVC) Component for Joomla!1.7 - Part 04)


Introduction

This tutorial is part of the Developing a Model-View-Controller (MVC) Component for Joomla!2.5 tutorial. You are encouraged to read the previous parts of the tutorial before reading this.

Adding a model

In the Joomla framework, models are responsible for managing the data. The first function that has to be written for a model is a get function. It returns data to the caller. In our case, the caller will be the HelloWorldViewHelloWorld view. By default, the model named HelloWorldModelHelloWorld residing in site/models/helloworld.php is the main model associated to this view.


So let's have a quick look at the naming conventions with an example, since the naming convention are the actual magic, that make everything work:

The class HelloWorldViewHelloWorld resides in site/views/helloworld/view.html.php and will make use of the class HelloWorldModelHelloWorld in the file site/models/helloworld.php


So let's just assume we want to use an imaginary view fluffy, you would have to have:

The class HelloWorldViewFluffy which resides in site/views/fluffy/view.html.php. The view will make use of HelloWorldModelFluffy in the file site/models/fluffy.php. Note: the actual screen of the view: site/views/fluffy/tmpl/default.php is required as well to make this example work.


Breaking any of these bold conventions will lead to errors or a blank page.


So back to the actual implementation of the single classes:

With your favorite file manager and editor put a site/models/helloworld.php file containing:

site/models/helloworld.php

<?php
// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');
 
// import Joomla modelitem library
jimport('joomla.application.component.modelitem');
 
/**
 * HelloWorld Model
 */
class HelloWorldModelHelloWorld extends JModelItem
{
	/**
	 * @var string msg
	 */
	protected $msg;
 
	/**
	 * Get the message
	 * @return string The message to be displayed to the user
	 */
	public function getMsg() 
	{
		if (!isset($this->msg)) 
		{
			$this->msg = 'Hello World!';
		}
		return $this->msg;
	}
}

The HelloWorldViewHelloWorld class asks the model for data using the get method of the JView class:

site/views/helloworld/view.html.php

<?php
// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');
 
// import Joomla view library
jimport('joomla.application.component.view');
 
/**
 * HTML View class for the HelloWorld Component
 */
class HelloWorldViewHelloWorld extends JView
{
	// Overwriting JView display method
	function display($tpl = null) 
	{
		// Assign data to the view
		$this->msg = $this->get('Msg');
 
		// Check for errors.
		if (count($errors = $this->get('Errors'))) 
		{
			JLog::add(implode('<br />', $errors), JLog::WARNING, 'jerror');
			return false;
		}
		// Display the view
		parent::display($tpl);
	}
}

Note: $this->get() is a member of JView::get which is a proxy to get* methods of the default model where * is populated with the value of the first parameter passed to get()

Also modify your helloworld.xml file to indicate use of models and the new version:

helloworld.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<extension type="component" version="2.5.0" method="upgrade">
 
	<name>Hello World!</name>
	<!-- The following elements are optional and free of formatting constraints -->
	<creationDate>November 2009</creationDate>
	<author>John Doe</author>
	<authorEmail>john.doe@example.org</authorEmail>
	<authorUrl>http://www.example.org</authorUrl>
	<copyright>Copyright Info</copyright>
	<license>License Info</license>
	<!--  The version string is recorded in the components table -->
	<version>0.0.4</version>
	<!-- The description is optional and defaults to the name -->
	<description>Description of the Hello World component ...</description>
 
	<update> <!-- Runs on update; New in 2.5 -->
		<schemas>
			<schemapath type="mysql">sql/updates/mysql</schemapath>
		</schemas>
	</update>
 
	<!-- Site Main File Copy Section -->
	<!-- Note the folder attribute: This attribute describes the folder
		to copy FROM in the package to install therefore files copied
		in this section are copied from /site/ in the package -->
	<files folder="site">
		<filename>index.html</filename>
		<filename>helloworld.php</filename>
		<filename>controller.php</filename>
		<folder>views</folder>
		<folder>models</folder>
	</files>
 
	<administration>
		<!-- Administration Menu Section -->
		<menu>Hello World!</menu>
		<!-- Administration Main File Copy Section -->
		<!-- Note the folder attribute: This attribute describes the folder
			to copy FROM in the package to install therefore files copied
			in this section are copied from /admin/ in the package -->
		<files folder="admin">
			<!-- Admin Main File Copy Section -->
			<filename>index.html</filename>
			<filename>helloworld.php</filename>
			<!-- SQL files section -->
			<folder>sql</folder>
		</files>
	</administration>
 
</extension>

Packaging the component

Content of your code directory

Create a compressed file of this directory or directly download the archive and install it using the extension manager of Joomla. You can add a menu item of this component using the menu manager in the backend.

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