From Joomla! Documentation
This article is a guide detailing how to install Joomla! Content Management System on a FreeBSD based system.
This guide details installation of the following application versions of the FAMP stack:
NOTE: Intended as a quick-start installation guide, this article does not address optimal security settings, performance tuning, etc.
Open a terminal and log on to the FreeBSD system as root.
Ensure the file
/etc/make.conf exists and contains DEFAULT_VERSIONS that reflect the versions you intend to install on the system.
DEFAULT_VERSIONS+= php=7.3 python=3.7 python3=3.7 perl5=5.28 mysql=8.0
Installing Apache Web Server
Execute the following command to install apache24 as your webserver.
pkg install apache24
Add the following lines to
Start the apache server.
service apache24 start
The following commands will install PHP 7.3 to your system.
pkg install php73
Also install Apache PHP module mod_php73.
pkg install mod_php73
As instructed by the post-install message, add the following lines to
<FilesMatch "\.php$"> SetHandler application/x-httpd-php </FilesMatch> <FilesMatch "\.phps$"> SetHandler application/x-httpd-php-source </FilesMatch>
Also modify the following line:
changing it to:
DirectoryIndex index.php index.html
Installing Required PHP Extensions
Joomla requires the following PHP extensions:
To install the required extensions:
pkg install php73-json php73-mysqli php73-session php73-simplexml php73-xml php73-xmlreader php73-zlib
Create a new php.ini file by copying one of the sample files.
cp php.ini-production php.ini
Open and edit
/usr/local/etc/php.ini and adjust the following values:
- memory_limit: Minimum: 64M Recommended: 128M or more
- upload_max_filesize: Minimum: 20M
- post_max_size: Minimum: 20M
- max_execution_time: At Least 120 Recommended: 300 or higher
After installing and configuring PHP restart the Apache service.
service apache24 restart
Installing MySQL Database Server
Execute the following commands to install MySQL 8.0 server.
pkg install mysql80-server
Add the following line to
/usr/local/etc/mysql/my.cnf and add the following line to the
default_authentication_plugin = mysql_native_password
Start the MySQL server.
service mysql-server start
Upon initial installation, the MySQL 8.0 server's root user has no password.
Login to the mysql server on the command line as root and set your desired password.
mysql -u root
ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
Create a database for the Joomla web site with your preferred database name.
create database joomla;
Create a dedicated MySQL user with your preferred username and password.
create user 'joomlauser'@'localhost' identified by 'password';
Grant the user all privileges to the Joomla database.
grant all privileges on joomla.* to 'joomlauser'@'localhost';
exit to close the connection to MySQL server.
Installing Joomla! CMS
Download the Joomla installation package ending with .zip
Unzip the file to apache's data directory.
unzip Joomla_*.zip -d /usr/local/www/apache24/data/
Change ownership of the data directory and everything in it to 'www' thus allowing the Joomla! configuration script to write into this directory.
chown -R www /usr/local/www/apache24/data/
At this point you should be able to begin installing and configuring Joomla!
Open and direct your web browser to one of the following...
If browsing directly on the server: http://localhost
If browsing from a remote system: http://<ip_address> or http://<fully.qualified.domain.name> (if configured)
You will see the Joomla Web Installer page.
In step 1 Configuration:
fill in the fields as required.
In step 2 Database:
Password: <joomlauser password>
Database name: <joomladb>
Leave the other settings unchanged:
Database Type: MySQLi
Table Prefix: unchanged
The final step of the web installer will be to delete the installation folder.
Once that is done you can browse to your newly installed Joomla! web site!
Research how to optimally configure and harden the security of your Joomla! FAMP web server!
Configuration changes made to either apache's httpd.conf or PHP's php.ini will require that the apache service be restarted for the changes to take effect.
service apache24 restart
Apache's error log is located at
MySQL log files are located in
/var/db/mysql/ and are named
<hostname>-slow.log by default.
MySQL databases are also located in