Actions

J3.x

Developing a MVC Component/Adding configuration

From Joomla! Documentation

< J3.x:Developing a MVC Component
<translate> Developing a MVC Component</translate>

{{Chunk:Developing a Model-View-Controller (MVC) Component for Joomla!3.1 - Contents/<translate> en</translate>}} <translate> This is a multiple-article series of tutorials on how to develop a Model-View-Controller Component for Joomla! VersionJoomla 3.x.</translate>

<translate> Begin with the Introduction, and navigate the articles in this series by using the navigation button at the bottom or the box to the right (the Articles in this series).</translate>



Copyedit.png
This Page Needs Your Help

This page is tagged because it NEEDS REVIEW. You can help the Joomla! Documentation Wiki by contributing to it.
More pages that need help similar to this one are here. NOTE-If you feel the need is satistified, please remove this notice.


This is a multiple-article series of tutorials on how to develop a Model-View-Contoller Component for Joomla! Version Joomla 3.4.

Introduction

This tutorial is part of the Developing a MVC Component for Joomla! 3.2 tutorial. You are encouraged to read the previous parts of the tutorial before reading this.

Adding configuration parameters

The Joomla framework allows the use of parameters stored in each component. With your favorite file manager and editor, put a file admin/config.xml file containing these lines:

admin/config.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<config>
	<fieldset
		name="greetings"
		label="COM_HELLOWORLD_CONFIG_GREETING_SETTINGS_LABEL"
		description="COM_HELLOWORLD_CONFIG_GREETING_SETTINGS_DESC"
	>
		<field
			name="show_category"
			type="radio"
			label="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_SHOW_CATEGORY_LABEL"
			description="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_SHOW_CATEGORY_DESC"
			default="0"
		>
			<option value="0">JHIDE</option>
			<option value="1">JSHOW</option>
		</field>
	</fieldset>
</config>

This file will be read by the com_config component of the Joomla core. For the moment, we defined only one parameter: is the category title displayed or not in the frontend?.

The best way to set the parameters is to put a Preferences button in a toolbar.

With your favorite editor, put these lines in admin/views/helloworlds/view.html.php

admin/views/helloworlds/view.html.php

<?php
/**
 * @package     Joomla.Administrator
 * @subpackage  com_helloworld
 *
 * @copyright   Copyright (C) 2005 - 2015 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * @license     GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
 */
 
// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');
 
/**
 * HelloWorlds View
 *
 * @since  0.0.1
 */
class HelloWorldViewHelloWorlds extends JViewLegacy
{
	/**
	 * Display the Hello World view
	 *
	 * @param   string  $tpl  The name of the template file to parse; automatically searches through the template paths.
	 *
	 * @return  void
	 */
	function display($tpl = null)
	{
 
		// Get application
		$app = JFactory::getApplication();
		$context = "helloworld.list.admin.helloworld";
		// Get data from the model
		$this->items			= $this->get('Items');
		$this->pagination		= $this->get('Pagination');
		$this->state			= $this->get('State');
		$this->filter_order 	= $app->getUserStateFromRequest($context.'filter_order', 'filter_order', 'greeting', 'cmd');
		$this->filter_order_Dir = $app->getUserStateFromRequest($context.'filter_order_Dir', 'filter_order_Dir', 'asc', 'cmd');
		$this->filterForm    	= $this->get('FilterForm');
		$this->activeFilters 	= $this->get('ActiveFilters');
 
		// Check for errors.
		if (count($errors = $this->get('Errors')))
		{
			JError::raiseError(500, implode('<br />', $errors));
 
			return false;
		}
 
		// Set the submenu
		HelloWorldHelper::addSubmenu('helloworlds');
 
		// Set the toolbar and number of found items
		$this->addToolBar();
 
		// Display the template
		parent::display($tpl);
 
		// Set the document
		$this->setDocument();
	}
 
	/**
	 * Add the page title and toolbar.
	 *
	 * @return  void
	 *
	 * @since   1.6
	 */
	protected function addToolBar()
	{
		$title = JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLDS');
 
		if ($this->pagination->total)
		{
			$title .= "<span style='font-size: 0.5em; vertical-align: middle;'>(" . $this->pagination->total . ")</span>";
		}
 
		JToolBarHelper::title($title, 'helloworld');
		JToolBarHelper::addNew('helloworld.add');
		JToolBarHelper::editList('helloworld.edit');
		JToolBarHelper::deleteList('', 'helloworlds.delete');
		JToolBarHelper::preferences('com_helloworld');	}
	/**
	 * Method to set up the document properties
	 *
	 * @return void
	 */
	protected function setDocument() 
	{
		$document = JFactory::getDocument();
		$document->setTitle(JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_ADMINISTRATION'));
	}
}

Using configuration parameters as default value

We want to define this parameter individually on all HelloWorld data. With your favorite editor, put these lines into the admin/models/forms/helloworld.xml

admin/models/forms/helloworld.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<form
				addrulepath="/administrator/components/com_helloworld/models/rules"
>
	<fieldset				name="details"				label="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_DETAILS"	>		<field
				name="id"
				type="hidden"
				/>
		<field
				name="greeting"
				type="text"
				label="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_LABEL"
				description="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_DESC"
				size="40"
				class="inputbox validate-greeting"
				validate="greeting"
				required="true"
				default=""
				/>
		<field
				name="catid"
				type="category"
				extension="com_helloworld"
				class="inputbox"
				default=""
				label="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CATID_LABEL"
				description="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CATID_DESC"
				required="true"
		>
			<option value="0">JOPTION_SELECT_CATEGORY</option>
		</field>
	</fieldset>
	<fields name="params">		<fieldset				name="params"				label="JGLOBAL_FIELDSET_DISPLAY_OPTIONS"		>			<field					name="show_category"					type="list"					label="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_SHOW_CATEGORY_LABEL"					description="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_SHOW_CATEGORY_DESC"					default=""			>				<option value="">JGLOBAL_USE_GLOBAL</option>				<option value="0">JHIDE</option>				<option value="1">JSHOW</option>			</field>		</fieldset>	</fields></form>

We define the same parameter for each message with an additional value: Use global.

Note: The details fieldset now has a label too (the same that was set in the edit view before).

Modifying the SQL

Data now contains a new parameter: params. The SQL structure has to be modified.

With your favorite editor, put these lines into admin/sql/install.mysql.utf8.sql:

admin/sql/install.mysql.utf8.sql

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `#__helloworld`;
 
CREATE TABLE `#__helloworld` (
	`id`       INT(11)     NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
	`greeting` VARCHAR(25) NOT NULL,
	`published` tinyint(4) NOT NULL,
	`catid`	    int(11)    NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
	`params`   VARCHAR(1024) NOT NULL DEFAULT '',	PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
)
	ENGINE =MyISAM
	AUTO_INCREMENT =0
	DEFAULT CHARSET =utf8;
 
INSERT INTO `#__helloworld` (`greeting`) VALUES
('Hello World!'),
('Good bye World!');

With your favorite editor, put these lines into admin/sql/updates/mysql/0.0.13.sql:

admin/sql/updates/mysql/0.0.13.sql

ALTER TABLE `#__helloworld` ADD `params` VARCHAR(1024) NOT NULL DEFAULT '';

The TableHelloWorld has to be modified in order to deal with these parameters: they will be stored in a JSON format and get in a JParameter class. We have to overload the bind and the load method. With your favorite editor, put these lines into admin/tables/helloworld.php

admin/tables/helloworld.php

<?php
/**
 * @package     Joomla.Administrator
 * @subpackage  com_helloworld
 *
 * @copyright   Copyright (C) 2005 - 2015 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * @license     GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
 */
// No direct access
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');
 
/**
 * Hello Table class
 *
 * @since  0.0.1
 */
class HelloWorldTableHelloWorld extends JTable
{
	/**
	 * Constructor
	 *
	 * @param   JDatabaseDriver  &$db  A database connector object
	 */
	function __construct(&$db)
	{
		parent::__construct('#__helloworld', 'id', $db);
	}
	/**	 * Overloaded bind function	 *	 * @param       array           named array	 * @return      null|string     null is operation was satisfactory, otherwise returns an error	 * @see JTable:bind	 * @since 1.5	 */	public function bind($array, $ignore = '')	{		if (isset($array['params']) && is_array($array['params']))		{			// Convert the params field to a string.			$parameter = new JRegistry;			$parameter->loadArray($array['params']);			$array['params'] = (string)$parameter;		}		return parent::bind($array, $ignore);	} 	/**	 * Overloaded load function	 *	 * @param       int $pk primary key	 * @param       boolean $reset reset data	 * @return      boolean	 * @see JTable:load	 */	public function load($pk = null, $reset = true)	{		if (parent::load($pk, $reset))		{			// Convert the params field to a registry.			$params = new JRegistry;			$params->loadString($this->params, 'JSON'); 			$this->params = $params;			return true;		}		else		{			return false;		}	}}

Modifying the backend

The backend edit view has to display the options to the administrator. With your favorite editor, put these lines into the admin/views/helloworld/tmpl/edit.php file:

admin/views/helloworld/tmpl/edit.php

<?php
/**
 * @package     Joomla.Administrator
 * @subpackage  com_helloworld
 *
 * @copyright   Copyright (C) 2005 - 2015 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * @license     GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
 */
 
// No direct access
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');
JHtml::_('behavior.formvalidation');
?>
<form action="<?php echo JRoute::_('index.php?option=com_helloworld&layout=edit&id=' . (int) $this->item->id); ?>"
    method="post" name="adminForm" id="adminForm" class="form-validate">
	<div class="form-horizontal">
		<?php foreach ($this->form->getFieldsets() as $name => $fieldset): ?>			<fieldset class="adminform">				<legend><?php echo JText::_($fieldset->label); ?></legend>				<div class="row-fluid">					<div class="span6">						<?php foreach ($this->form->getFieldset($name) as $field): ?>							<div class="control-group">								<div class="control-label"><?php echo $field->label; ?></div>								<div class="controls"><?php echo $field->input; ?></div>							</div>						<?php endforeach; ?>					</div>				</div>			</fieldset>		<?php endforeach; ?>	</div>
	<input type="hidden" name="task" value="helloworld.edit" />
	<?php echo JHtml::_('form.token'); ?>
</form>

Note: The outer foreach retrieves all of the form fieldsets while the inner one gets the selected fielset fields.

This is the result of the $this->form->getFieldsets() command:

Array
(
    [details] => stdClass Object
        (
            [name] => details
            [label] => COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_DETAILS
            [description] => 
        )
 
    [params] => stdClass Object
        (
            [name] => params
            [label] => JGLOBAL_FIELDSET_DISPLAY_OPTIONS
            [description] => 
        )
 
)

Modifying the frontend

The frontend has to be modified according to the new show_category parameter.

We have to modify the model:

  • it has to merge global parameters and individual parameters
  • it has to provide the category

With your favorite editor, put these lines into the site/models/helloworld.php file:

site/models/helloworld.php

<?php
/**
 * @package     Joomla.Administrator
 * @subpackage  com_helloworld
 *
 * @copyright   Copyright (C) 2005 - 2015 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * @license     GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
 */
 
// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');
 
/**
 * HelloWorld Model
 *
 * @since  0.0.1
 */
class HelloWorldModelHelloWorld extends JModelItem
{
	/**	 * @var object item	 */	protected $item; 	/**	 * Method to auto-populate the model state.	 *	 * This method should only be called once per instantiation and is designed	 * to be called on the first call to the getState() method unless the model	 * configuration flag to ignore the request is set.	 *	 * Note. Calling getState in this method will result in recursion.	 *	 * @return	void	 * @since	2.5	 */	protected function populateState()	{		// Get the message id		$jinput = JFactory::getApplication()->input;		$id     = $jinput->get('id', 1, 'INT');		$this->setState('message.id', $id); 		// Load the parameters.		$this->setState('params', JFactory::getApplication()->getParams());		parent::populateState();	} 
	/**
	 * Method to get a table object, load it if necessary.
	 *
	 * @param   string  $type    The table name. Optional.
	 * @param   string  $prefix  The class prefix. Optional.
	 * @param   array   $config  Configuration array for model. Optional.
	 *
	 * @return  JTable  A JTable object
	 *
	 * @since   1.6
	 */
	public function getTable($type = 'HelloWorld', $prefix = 'HelloWorldTable', $config = array())
	{
		return JTable::getInstance($type, $prefix, $config);
	}
 
	/**	 * Get the message
	 * @return object The message to be displayed to the user
	 */
	public function getItem()
	{
		if (!isset($this->item)) 
		{
			$id    = $this->getState('message.id');
			$db    = JFactory::getDbo();
			$query = $db->getQuery(true);
			$query->select('h.greeting, h.params, c.title as category')
				  ->from('#__helloworld as h')
				  ->leftJoin('#__categories as c ON h.catid=c.id')
				  ->where('h.id=' . (int)$id);
			$db->setQuery((string)$query);
 
			if ($this->item = $db->loadObject()) 
			{
				// Load the JSON string
				$params = new JRegistry;
				$params->loadString($this->item->params, 'JSON');
				$this->item->params = $params;
 
				// Merge global params with item params
				$params = clone $this->getState('params');
				$params->merge($this->item->params);
				$this->item->params = $params;
			}
		}
		return $this->item;
	}}

The view has to ask the model for the category. With your favorite editor, put these lines into the site/views/helloworld/view.html.php

site/views/helloworld/view.html.php

<?php
/**
 * @package     Joomla.Administrator
 * @subpackage  com_helloworld
 *
 * @copyright   Copyright (C) 2005 - 2015 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * @license     GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
 */
 
// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');
 
/**
 * HTML View class for the HelloWorld Component
 *
 * @since  0.0.1
 */
class HelloWorldViewHelloWorld extends JViewLegacy
{
	/**
	 * Display the Hello World view
	 *
	 * @param   string  $tpl  The name of the template file to parse; automatically searches through the template paths.
	 *
	 * @return  void
	 */
	function display($tpl = null)
	{
		// Assign data to the view
		$this->item = $this->get('Item'); 
		// Check for errors.
		if (count($errors = $this->get('Errors')))
		{
			JLog::add(implode('<br />', $errors), JLog::WARNING, 'jerror');
 
			return false;
		}
 
		// Display the view
		parent::display($tpl);
	}
}

The layout can now display correctly the category or not. With your favorite editor, put these lines into site/views/helloworld/tmpl/default.php

site/views/helloworld/tmpl/default.php

<?php
/**
 * @package     Joomla.Administrator
 * @subpackage  com_helloworld
 *
 * @copyright   Copyright (C) 2005 - 2015 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * @license     GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
 */
 
// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');
?>
<h1><?php echo $this->item->greeting.(($this->item->category and $this->item->params->get('show_category'))                                      ? (' ('.$this->item->category.')') : ''); ?></h1>

Adding some translation strings

Some strings have to be added in the admin/language/en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.ini file

admin/language/en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.ini

; Joomla! Project
; Copyright (C) 2005 - 2015 Open Source Matters. All rights reserved.
; License GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt, see LICENSE.php
; Note : All ini files need to be saved as UTF-8
 
COM_HELLOWORLD_ADMINISTRATION="HelloWorld - Administration"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ADMINISTRATION_CATEGORIES="HelloWorld - Categories"
COM_HELLOWORLD_NUM="#"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_FILTER="Filters"
COM_HELLOWORLD_PUBLISHED="Published"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_NAME="Name"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ID="Id"
 
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_CREATING="HelloWorld - Creating"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_DETAILS="Details"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_EDITING="HelloWorld - Editing"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_ERROR_UNACCEPTABLE="Some values are unacceptable"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CATID_DESC="The category the messages belongs to"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CATID_LABEL="Category"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_GREETING_DESC="This message will be displayed"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_GREETING_LABEL="Message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_SHOW_CATEGORY_LABEL="Show category"COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_SHOW_CATEGORY_DESC="If set to Show, the title of the message&rsquo;s category will show."COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_HEADING_GREETING="Greeting"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_HEADING_ID="Id"
COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLD_EDIT="HelloWorld manager: Edit Message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLD_NEW="HelloWorld manager: New Message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLDS="HelloWorld manager"
COM_HELLOWORLD_EDIT_HELLOWORLD="Edit message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_N_ITEMS_DELETED_1="One message deleted"
COM_HELLOWORLD_N_ITEMS_DELETED_MORE="%d messages deleted"
COM_HELLOWORLD_N_ITEMS_PUBLISHED="%d message(s) published"
COM_HELLOWORLD_N_ITEMS_UNPUBLISHED="%d message(s) unpublished"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_LABEL="Greeting"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_DESC="Add Hello World Greeting"
COM_HELLOWORLD_SUBMENU_MESSAGES="Messages"
COM_HELLOWORLD_SUBMENU_CATEGORIES="Categories"
COM_HELLOWORLD_CONFIGURATION="HelloWorld Configuration"COM_HELLOWORLD_CONFIG_GREETING_SETTINGS_LABEL="Messages settings"COM_HELLOWORLD_CONFIG_GREETING_SETTINGS_DESC="Settings that will be applied to all messages by default"

Packaging the component

Content of your code directory

Create a compressed file of this directory or directly download the archive and install it using the extension manager of Joomla. You can add a menu item of this component using the menu manager in the backend.

helloworld.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<extension type="component" version="3.2.0" method="upgrade">
 
	<name>COM_HELLOWORLD</name>
	<!-- The following elements are optional and free of formatting constraints -->
	<creationDate>February 2015</creationDate>
	<author>John Doe</author>
	<authorEmail>john.doe@example.org</authorEmail>
	<authorUrl>http://www.example.org</authorUrl>
	<copyright>Copyright Info</copyright>
	<license>License Info</license>
	<!--  The version string is recorded in the components table -->
	<version>0.0.13</version>	<!-- The description is optional and defaults to the name -->
	<description>COM_HELLOWORLD_DESCRIPTION</description>
 
	<install> <!-- Runs on install -->
		<sql>
			<file driver="mysql" charset="utf8">sql/install.mysql.utf8.sql</file>
		</sql>
	</install>
	<uninstall> <!-- Runs on uninstall -->
		<sql>
			<file driver="mysql" charset="utf8">sql/uninstall.mysql.utf8.sql</file>
		</sql>
	</uninstall>
	<update> <!-- Runs on update; New since J2.5 -->
		<schemas>
			<schemapath type="mysql">sql/updates/mysql</schemapath>
		</schemas>
	</update>
 
	<!-- Site Main File Copy Section -->
	<!-- Note the folder attribute: This attribute describes the folder
		to copy FROM in the package to install therefore files copied
		in this section are copied from /site/ in the package -->
	<files folder="site">
		<filename>index.html</filename>
		<filename>helloworld.php</filename>
		<filename>controller.php</filename>
		<folder>views</folder>
		<folder>models</folder>
	</files>
 
        <languages folder="site/language">
		<language tag="en-GB">en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.ini</language>
        </languages>
 
	<media destination="com_helloworld" folder="media">
		<filename>index.html</filename>
		<folder>images</folder>
	</media>
 
	<administration>
		<!-- Administration Menu Section -->
		<menu link='index.php?option=com_helloworld' img="../media/com_helloworld/images/tux-16x16.png">COM_HELLOWORLD_MENU</menu>
		<!-- Administration Main File Copy Section -->
		<!-- Note the folder attribute: This attribute describes the folder
			to copy FROM in the package to install therefore files copied
			in this section are copied from /admin/ in the package -->
		<files folder="admin">
			<!-- Admin Main File Copy Section -->
			<filename>index.html</filename>
			<filename>config.xml</filename>			<filename>helloworld.php</filename>
			<filename>controller.php</filename>
			<filename>access.xml</filename>
			<!-- SQL files section -->
			<folder>sql</folder>
			<!-- tables files section -->
			<folder>tables</folder>
			<!-- models files section -->
			<folder>models</folder>
			<!-- views files section -->
			<folder>views</folder>
			<!-- controllers files section -->
			<folder>controllers</folder>
			<!-- helpers files section -->
			<folder>helpers</folder>
		</files>
		<languages folder="admin/language">
        		<language tag="en-GB">en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.ini</language>
                        <language tag="en-GB">en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.sys.ini</language>
		</languages>
	</administration>
 
</extension>


Tutorial Navigation


Contributors