J3.x

Desarrollo de un Componente MVC/Agregar Ordenamiento

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< J3.x:Developing an MVC Component
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Joomla! 
3.x
Tutorial
Desarrollo de un Componente MVC


Esta es una serie multi-artículos de tutoriales sobre cómo desarrollar un Componente Modelo-Vista-Controlador para Joomla! VersiónJoomla 3.x.

Comenzar con la Introducción, y navegar por los artículos de esta serie usando el botón de navegación en la parte inferior o en el cuadro de la derecha (los "Artículos de esta serie").



Este artículo es parte del tutorial Desarrollo de un Componente MVC para Joomla! 3.2. Te invitamos a leer las partes anteriores del tutorial antes de leer esto.

En este paso, agregamos la capacidad de ordenamiento a nuestro componente.

Puede encontrar un vídeo (en ibglés) que acompaña este paso en Agregar Ordenamiento.

Introducción

Los componentes principales de Joomla le permiten al administrador definir un orden arbitrario de artículos haciendo clic en el símbolo de Ordenamiento (un flecha hacia arriba sobre una flecha hacia abajo) en la parte superior izquierda de la tabla de artículos, y luego haciendo clic en uno de los 3 símbolos de puntos verticales y deslizando el disco hacia arriba o hacia abajo para reordenar

En este paso, creamos el código para admitir esta funcionalidad para los registros de Helloworld. Al igual que los componentes principales de Joomla, permitiremos que el administrador especifique el orden dentro de una categoría, aunque esto se puede cambiar fácilmente para permitir el pedido en un conjunto diferente de registros (por ejemplo, ordenar dentro de un idioma), o en todos los registros de hellowworld.

Usaremos el orden definido por el administrador cuando generemos la vista de Categoría de los registros de helloworld en el lado cliente.

Enfoque

Necesitamos guardar el pedido en la base de datos, seguiremos el ejemplo de los componentes de Joomla y llamaremos a este campo "Ordering". Como es habitual, nombrar un campo de una manera que se alinee con el núcleo de Joomla desbloquea una gran cantidad de funciones de biblioteca que podemos reutilizar.

Nuestro trabajo principal en el lado servidor está asociado con la vista helloworlds.

  1. incluir el campo de ordenamiento dentro de nuestra consulta
  2. incluir el campo de ordenamiento dentro de nuestros campos de filtro, ya que querremos ordenar la tabla usando ese campo
  3. mostrar la columna Ordenar en el archivo de diseño, y configurar los datos para habilitar la funcionalidad de grabación dinámica (es decir, deslizar el registro hacia arriba/abajo para reordenar).
  4. ya que vamos a permitir ordenar dentro de una categoría, incluiremos la categoría dentro de los campos de filtro.

En el lado cliente de la categoría, configuraremos el orden predeterminado para usar el campo Ordenamiento de la base de datos.

También tenemos que considerar que debe establecerse el campo Ordenamiento cada vez que se crean nuevos registros de helloworld, recordando que esto puede ocurrir tanto en el lado servidor como en el cliente. En ambos casos, podemos establecer el valor de Ordenamiento dentro de una función prepareTable($table) a la que Joomla llamará antes de guardar el registro en la base de datos. Ponemos esta función en el modelo apropiado: admin/models/helloworld.php para el lado servidor y site/models/form.php para el lado cliente.

Actualización de la base de datos

Agregar el campo de ordenamiento al registro de la base de datos.

admin/sql/install.mysql.utf8.sql

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `#__helloworld`;

CREATE TABLE `#__helloworld` (
	`id`       INT(11)     NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
	`asset_id` INT(10)     NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
	`created`  DATETIME    NOT NULL DEFAULT '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
	`created_by`  INT(10) UNSIGNED NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
	`checked_out` INT(10) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
	`checked_out_time` DATETIME NOT NULL DEFAULT '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
	`greeting` VARCHAR(25) NOT NULL,
	`alias`  VARCHAR(40)  NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
	`language`  CHAR(7)  NOT NULL DEFAULT '*',
	`ordering`	int(11)    NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
	`published` tinyint(4) NOT NULL DEFAULT '1',
	`catid`	    int(11)    NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
	`params`   VARCHAR(1024) NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
	`image`   VARCHAR(1024) NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
	`latitude` DECIMAL(9,7) NOT NULL DEFAULT 0.0,
	`longitude` DECIMAL(10,7) NOT NULL DEFAULT 0.0,
	PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
)
	ENGINE =MyISAM
	AUTO_INCREMENT =0
	DEFAULT CHARSET =utf8;

CREATE UNIQUE INDEX `aliasindex` ON `#__helloworld` (`alias`, `catid`);

INSERT INTO `#__helloworld` (`greeting`,`alias`,`language`,`ordering`) VALUES
('Hello World!','hello-world','en-GB',1),
('Goodbye World!','goodbye-world','en-GB',2);

Nuevo archivo de actualización de SQL:

/admin/sql/updates/mysql/0.0.25.sql

ALTER TABLE`#__helloworld` ADD COLUMN `ordering` int(11) NOT NULL DEFAULT '0' AFTER `language`;
UPDATE `#__helloworld` SET `ordering` = `id`;

La declaración de actualización de SQL anterior podría generar vacíos en nuestros valores de ordenamiento, pero esto no importa. Los valores de ordenamiento no tienen que ser consecutivos dentro de una categoría, y con el tiempo los valores cambiarán a medida que se use la funcionalidad de ordenamiento.

Administración del MVC Helloworlds

En nuestro modelo debemos incluir el campo Ordering en nuestra selección de base de datos. Y como vamos a incluir la categoría dentro de los campos de filtro, también necesitamos la identificación de la categoría en la selección.

admin/models/helloworlds.php

<?php
/**
 * @package     Joomla.Administrator
 * @subpackage  com_helloworld
 *
 * @copyright   Copyright (C) 2005 - 2018 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * @license     GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
 */
// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');

/**
 * HelloWorldList Model
 *
 * @since  0.0.1
 */
class HelloWorldModelHelloWorlds extends JModelList
{
	/**
	 * Constructor.
	 *
	 * @param   array  $config  An optional associative array of configuration settings.
	 *
	 * @see     JController
	 * @since   1.6
	 */
	public function __construct($config = array())
	{
		if (empty($config['filter_fields']))
		{
			$config['filter_fields'] = array(
				'id',
				'greeting',
				'author',
				'created',
				'language',
				'ordering',
				'category_id',
				'association',
				'published'
			);
		}

		parent::__construct($config);
	}

	protected function populateState($ordering = null, $direction = null)
	{
		$app = JFactory::getApplication();

		// Adjust the context to support modal layouts.
		if ($layout = $app->input->get('layout'))
		{
			$this->context .= '.' . $layout;
		}

		// Adjust the context to support forced languages.
		$forcedLanguage = $app->input->get('forcedLanguage', '', 'CMD');
		if ($forcedLanguage)
		{
			$this->context .= '.' . $forcedLanguage;
		}

		parent::populateState($ordering, $direction);
        
		// If there's a forced language then define that filter for the query where clause
		if (!empty($forcedLanguage))
		{
			$this->setState('filter.language', $forcedLanguage);
		}
	}

	/**
	 * Method to build an SQL query to load the list data.
	 *
	 * @return      string  An SQL query
	 */
	protected function getListQuery()
	{
		// Initialize variables.
		$db    = JFactory::getDbo();
		$query = $db->getQuery(true);

		// Create the base select statement.
		$query->select('a.id as id, a.greeting as greeting, a.published as published, a.created as created, 
			  a.checked_out as checked_out, a.checked_out_time as checked_out_time, a.ordering as ordering, a.catid as catid,
			  a.image as imageInfo, a.latitude as latitude, a.longitude as longitude, a.alias as alias, a.language as language')
			  ->from($db->quoteName('#__helloworld', 'a'));

		// Join over the categories.
		$query->select($db->quoteName('c.title', 'category_title'))
			->join('LEFT', $db->quoteName('#__categories', 'c') . ' ON c.id = a.catid');
        
		// Join with users table to get the username of the author
		$query->select($db->quoteName('u.username', 'author'))
			->join('LEFT', $db->quoteName('#__users', 'u') . ' ON u.id = a.created_by');

		// Join with users table to get the username of the person who checked the record out
		$query->select($db->quoteName('u2.username', 'editor'))
			->join('LEFT', $db->quoteName('#__users', 'u2') . ' ON u2.id = a.checked_out');

		// Join with languages table to get the language title and image to display
		// Put these into fields called language_title and language_image so that 
		// we can use the little com_content layout to display the map symbol
		$query->select($db->quoteName('l.title', 'language_title') . "," .$db->quoteName('l.image', 'language_image'))
			->join('LEFT', $db->quoteName('#__languages', 'l') . ' ON l.lang_code = a.language');

		// Join over the associations - we just want to know if there are any, at this stage
		if (JLanguageAssociations::isEnabled())
		{
			$query->select('COUNT(asso2.id)>1 as association')
				->join('LEFT', '#__associations AS asso ON asso.id = a.id AND asso.context=' . $db->quote('com_helloworld.item'))
				->join('LEFT', '#__associations AS asso2 ON asso2.key = asso.key')
				->group('a.id');
		}

		// Filter: like / search
		$search = $this->getState('filter.search');

		if (!empty($search))
		{
			$like = $db->quote('%' . $search . '%');
			$query->where('greeting LIKE ' . $like);
		}

		// Filter by published state
		$published = $this->getState('filter.published');

		if (is_numeric($published))
		{
			$query->where('a.published = ' . (int) $published);
		}
		elseif ($published === '')
		{
			$query->where('(a.published IN (0, 1))');
		}

		// Filter by language, if the user has set that in the filter field
		$language = $this->getState('filter.language');
		if ($language)
		{
			$query->where('a.language = ' . $db->quote($language));
		}

		// Filter by categories
		$catid = $this->getState('filter.category_id');
		if ($catid)
		{
			$query->where("a.catid = " . $db->quote($db->escape($catid)));
		}

		// Add the list ordering clause.
		$orderCol	= $this->state->get('list.ordering', 'greeting');
		$orderDirn 	= $this->state->get('list.direction', 'asc');

		$query->order($db->escape($orderCol) . ' ' . $db->escape($orderDirn));

		return $query;
	}
}

Agregamos la identificación de categoría a los campos de filtro, y también habilitamos el ordenamiento por la columna de Ordenamiento, corrigiendo también el nombre de la asociación de cadena traducida con ordenamiento por saludo.

admin/models/forms/filter_helloworlds.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<form>
	<fields name="filter">
		<field
			name="search"
			type="text"
			label="COM_BANNERS_SEARCH_IN_TITLE"
			hint="JSEARCH_FILTER"
			class="js-stools-search-string"
		/>
		<field
			name="published"
			type="status"
			label="JOPTION_SELECT_PUBLISHED"
			description="JOPTION_SELECT_PUBLISHED_DESC"
			onchange="this.form.submit();"
			>
			<option value="">JOPTION_SELECT_PUBLISHED</option>
		</field>
		<field
			name="language"
			type="contentlanguage"
			label="JOPTION_FILTER_LANGUAGE"
			description="JOPTION_FILTER_LANGUAGE_DESC"
			onchange="this.form.submit();"
			>
			<option value="">JOPTION_SELECT_LANGUAGE</option>
			<option value="*">JALL</option>
		</field>
		<field
			name="category_id"
			type="category"
			label="JOPTION_FILTER_CATEGORY"
			extension="com_helloworld"
			onchange="this.form.submit();"
			published="0,1,2"
			>
			<option value="">JOPTION_SELECT_CATEGORY</option>
		</field>
	</fields>
	<fields name="list">
		<field
			name="fullordering"
			type="list"
			label="COM_HELLOWORLD_LIST_FULL_ORDERING"
			description="COM_HELLOWORLD_LIST_FULL_ORDERING_DESC"
			onchange="this.form.submit();"
			default="greeting ASC"
			>
			<option value="">JGLOBAL_SORT_BY</option>
			<option value="ordering ASC">COM_HELLOWORLD_ORDERING_ASC</option>
			<option value="ordering DESC">COM_HELLOWORLD_ORDERING_DESC</option>
			<option value="greeting ASC">COM_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_ASC</option>
			<option value="greeting DESC">COM_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_DESC</option>
			<option value="id ASC">JGRID_HEADING_ID_ASC</option>
			<option value="id DESC">JGRID_HEADING_ID_DESC</option>
			<option value="published ASC">COM_HELLOWORLD_PUBLISHED_ASC</option>
			<option value="published DESC">COM_HELLOWORLD_PUBLISHED_DESC</option>
			<option value="author ASC">COM_HELLOWORLD_AUTHOR_ASC</option>
			<option value="author DESC">COM_HELLOWORLD_AUTHOR_DESC</option>
			<option value="created ASC">COM_HELLOWORLD_CREATED_ASC</option>
			<option value="created DESC">COM_HELLOWORLD_CREATED_DESC</option>
			<option value="language ASC">COM_HELLOWORLD_LANGUAGE_ASC</option>
			<option value="language DESC">COM_HELLOWORLD_LANGUAGE_DESC</option>
			<option value="association ASC">COM_HELLOWORLD_ASSOCIATION_ASC</option>
			<option value="association DESC">COM_HELLOWORLD_ASSOCIATION_DESC</option>
		</field>
		<field
			name="limit"
			type="limitbox"
			class="input-mini"
			default="25"
			label="COM_CONTENT_LIST_LIMIT"
			description="COM_HELLOWORLD_LIST_LIMIT_DESC"
			onchange="this.form.submit();"
		/>
	</fields>
</form>

Joomla utiliza la biblioteca JQuery UI Sortable para implementar el arrastrar y soltar asociado al reordenar los registros. La función Joomla JHtml::_('sortablelist.sortable', ...) nos da una API para incluir la funcionalidad de la biblioteca jQuery, y el javascript principal de Joomla dentro de media/jui/js/sortablelist.js maneja la interfaz con el código javascript de jQuery. Necesitamos proporcionar ciertos detalles tales como

  1. el conjunto de registros en los que se realiza el ordenamiento, para nosotros este es el helloworlds <table> y lo indicamos pasando el id del elemento table como un parámetro dentro de JHtml::_('sortablelist.sortable', ...)
  2. el subconjunto de registros para los cuales se puede intercambiar el orden, esto se especifica mediante el atributo sortable-group-id en la fila de la tabla <tr>. Las filas son intercambiables si tienen el mismo valor de este atributo.
  3. el ícono que inicia el arrastre para reordenar -esto es a través de la aplicación de la clase CSS sortable-handler al elemento que contiene el ícono de los 3 puntos verticales
  4. la URL a la que se debe llamar (a través de Ajax) para almacenar una reordenación de los registros en el servidor; se pasa como un parámetro a JHtml::_('sortablelist.sortable', ...). Esta función es saveOrderAjax() dentro del Admin Controller.

También hay un campo de entrada oculto, con nombre ="order[]", que el javascript utiliza para pasar el nuevo pedido al servidor en la llamada Ajax.

admin/views/helloworlds/tmpl/default.php

<?php
/**
 * @package     Joomla.Administrator
 * @subpackage  com_helloworld
 *
 * @copyright   Copyright (C) 2005 - 2018 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * @license     GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
 */

// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted Access');

use Joomla\Registry\Registry;

JHtml::_('formbehavior.chosen', 'select');

$listOrder     = $this->escape($this->state->get('list.ordering'));
$listDirn      = $this->escape($this->state->get('list.direction'));
$user = JFactory::getUser();
$userId = $user->get('id');
$saveOrder = $listOrder == 'ordering';
if ($saveOrder)
{
	$saveOrderingUrl = 'index.php?option=com_helloworld&task=helloworlds.saveOrderAjax&tmpl=component';
	JHtml::_('sortablelist.sortable', 'helloworldList', 'adminForm', strtolower($listDirn), $saveOrderingUrl);
}
$assoc = JLanguageAssociations::isEnabled();
$authorFieldwidth = $assoc ? "10%" : "25%";
JLoader::register('JHtmlHelloworlds', JPATH_ADMINISTRATOR . '/components/com_helloworld/helpers/html/helloworlds.php');
?>
<form action="index.php?option=com_helloworld&view=helloworlds" method="post" id="adminForm" name="adminForm">
	<div id="j-sidebar-container" class="span2">
		<?php echo JHtmlSidebar::render(); ?>
	</div>
	<div id="j-main-container" class="span10">
        <div class="row-fluid">
            <div class="span6">
                <?php echo JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_FILTER'); ?>
                <?php
                    echo JLayoutHelper::render(
                        'joomla.searchtools.default',
                        array('view' => $this)
                    );
                ?>
            </div>
        </div>
        <table class="table table-striped table-hover" id="helloworldList">
            <thead>
            <tr>
               <th width="1%">
                   <?php echo JHtml::_('searchtools.sort', '', 'ordering', $listDirn, $listOrder, null, 'asc', 'JGRID_HEADING_ORDERING', 'icon-menu-2'); ?>
               </th>
                <th width="1%"><?php echo JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_NUM'); ?></th>
                <th width="1%">
                    <?php echo JHtml::_('grid.checkall'); ?>
                </th>
                <th width="15%">
                    <?php echo JHtml::_('searchtools.sort', 'COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_NAME', 'greeting', $listDirn, $listOrder); ?>
                </th>
                <th width="15%">
                    <?php echo JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_POSITION'); ?>
                </th>
                <th width="15%">
                    <?php echo JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_IMAGE'); ?>
                </th>
                <?php if ($assoc) : ?>
                    <th width="15%">
                        <?php echo JHtml::_('searchtools.sort', 'COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_ASSOCIATIONS', 'association', $listDirn, $listOrder); ?>
                    </th>
                <?php endif; ?>
                <th width="<?php echo $authorFieldwidth; ?>">
                    <?php echo JHtml::_('searchtools.sort', 'COM_HELLOWORLD_AUTHOR', 'author', $listDirn, $listOrder); ?>
                </th>
                <th width="10%">
                    <?php echo JHtml::_('searchtools.sort', 'COM_HELLOWORLD_LANGUAGE', 'language', $listDirn, $listOrder); ?>
                </th>
                <th width="10%">
                    <?php echo JHtml::_('searchtools.sort', 'COM_HELLOWORLD_CREATED_DATE', 'created', $listDirn, $listOrder); ?>
                </th>
                <th width="5%">
                    <?php echo JHtml::_('searchtools.sort', 'COM_HELLOWORLD_PUBLISHED', 'published', $listDirn, $listOrder); ?>
                </th>
                <th width="2%">
                    <?php echo JHtml::_('searchtools.sort', 'COM_HELLOWORLD_ID', 'id', $listDirn, $listOrder); ?>
                </th>
            </tr>
            </thead>
            <tfoot>
                <tr>
                    <td colspan="5">
                        <?php echo $this->pagination->getListFooter(); ?>
                    </td>
                </tr>
            </tfoot>
            <tbody>
                <?php if (!empty($this->items)) : ?>
                    <?php foreach ($this->items as $i => $row) :
                        $link = JRoute::_('index.php?option=com_helloworld&task=helloworld.edit&id=' . $row->id);
                        $row->image = new Registry;
                        $row->image->loadString($row->imageInfo);
                    ?>
                        <tr class="row<?php echo $i % 2; ?>" sortable-group-id="<?php echo $row->catid; ?>">
                            <td><?php
                                $iconClass = '';
                                $canReorder  = $user->authorise('core.edit.state', 'com_helloworld.helloworld.' . $row->id);
                                if (!$canReorder)
                                {
                                    $iconClass = ' inactive';
                                }
                                elseif (!$saveOrder)
                                {
                                    $iconClass = ' inactive tip-top hasTooltip" title="' . JHtml::_('tooltipText', 'JORDERINGDISABLED');
                                }
                                ?>
                                <span class="sortable-handler<?php echo $iconClass ?>">
                                    <span class="icon-menu" aria-hidden="true"></span>
                                </span>
                                <?php if ($canReorder && $saveOrder) : ?>
                                    <input type="text" style="display:none" name="order[]" size="5" value="<?php echo $row->ordering; ?>" class="width-20 text-area-order" />
                                <?php endif; ?>
                            </td>
                            <td><?php echo $this->pagination->getRowOffset($i); ?></td>
                            <td>
                                <?php echo JHtml::_('grid.id', $i, $row->id); ?>
                            </td>
                            <td>
                                <?php if ($row->checked_out) : ?>
                                    <?php $canCheckin = $user->authorise('core.manage', 'com_checkin') || $row->checked_out == $userId; ?>
                                    <?php echo JHtml::_('jgrid.checkedout', $i, $row->editor, $row->checked_out_time, 'helloworlds.', $canCheckin); ?>
                                <?php endif; ?>
                                <a href="<?php echo $link; ?>" title="<?php echo JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_EDIT_HELLOWORLD'); ?>">
                                    <?php echo $row->greeting; ?>
                                </a>
                                <span class="small break-word">
                                	<?php echo JText::sprintf('JGLOBAL_LIST_ALIAS', $this->escape($row->alias)); ?>
                                </span>
                                <div class="small">
                                    <?php echo JText::_('JCATEGORY') . ': ' . $this->escape($row->category_title); ?>
                                </div>
                            </td>
                            <td align="center">
                                <?php echo "[" . $row->latitude . ", " . $row->longitude . "]"; ?>
                            </td>
                            <td align="center">
                                <?php
                                    $caption = $row->image->get('caption') ? : '' ;
                                    $src = JURI::root() . ($row->image->get('image') ? : '' );
                                    $html = '<p class="hasTooltip" style="display: inline-block" data-html="true" data-toggle="tooltip" data-placement="right" title="<img width=\'100px\' height=\'100px\' src=\'%s\'>">%s</p>';
                                    echo sprintf($html, $src, $caption);  ?>
                            </td>
                            <?php if ($assoc) : ?>
                                <td align="center">
                                    <?php if ($row->association) : ?>
                                        <?php echo JHtml::_('helloworlds.association', $row->id); ?>
                                    <?php endif; ?>
                                </td>
                            <?php endif; ?>
                            <td align="center">
                                <?php echo $row->author; ?>
                            </td>
                            <td align="center">
                                <?php echo JLayoutHelper::render('joomla.content.language', $row); ?>
                            </td>
                            <td align="center">
                                <?php echo substr($row->created, 0, 10); ?>
                            </td>
                            <td align="center">
                                <?php echo JHtml::_('jgrid.published', $row->published, $i, 'helloworlds.', true, 'cb'); ?>
                            </td>
                            <td align="center">
                                <?php echo $row->id; ?>
                            </td>
                        </tr>
                    <?php endforeach; ?>
                <?php endif; ?>
            </tbody>
        </table>
        <input type="hidden" name="task" value=""/>
        <input type="hidden" name="boxchecked" value="0"/>
        <?php echo JHtml::_('form.token'); ?>
    </div>
</form>

Creando un nuevo registro en el lado servidor

Estableceremos el valor de ordenamiento del nuevo registro para que sea el máximo + 1, para que aparezca al final.

admin/models/helloworld.php

<?php
/**
 * @package     Joomla.Administrator
 * @subpackage  com_helloworld
 *
 * @copyright   Copyright (C) 2005 - 2018 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * @license     GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
 */

// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');

use Joomla\Registry\Registry;

/**
 * HelloWorld Model
 *
 * @since  0.0.1
 */
class HelloWorldModelHelloWorld extends JModelAdmin
{
	// JModelAdmin needs to know this for storing the associations 
	protected $associationsContext = 'com_helloworld.item';

	/**
	 * Method to override getItem to allow us to convert the JSON-encoded image information
	 * in the database record into an array for subsequent prefilling of the edit form
	 * We also use this method to prefill the associations
	 */
	public function getItem($pk = null)
	{
		$item = parent::getItem($pk);
		if ($item AND property_exists($item, 'image'))
		{
			$registry = new Registry($item->image);
			$item->imageinfo = $registry->toArray();
		}

		// Load associated items
		if (JLanguageAssociations::isEnabled())
		{
			$item->associations = array();

			if ($item->id != null)
			{
				$associations = JLanguageAssociations::getAssociations('com_helloworld', '#__helloworld', 'com_helloworld.item', (int)$item->id);

				foreach ($associations as $tag => $association)
				{
					$item->associations[$tag] = $association->id;
				}
			}
		}
		return $item; 
	}

	/**
	 * Method to get a table object, load it if necessary.
	 *
	 * @param   string  $type    The table name. Optional.
	 * @param   string  $prefix  The class prefix. Optional.
	 * @param   array   $config  Configuration array for model. Optional.
	 *
	 * @return  JTable  A JTable object
	 *
	 * @since   1.6
	 */
	public function getTable($type = 'HelloWorld', $prefix = 'HelloWorldTable', $config = array())
	{
		return JTable::getInstance($type, $prefix, $config);
	}

	/**
	 * Method to get the record form.
	 *
	 * @param   array    $data      Data for the form.
	 * @param   boolean  $loadData  True if the form is to load its own data (default case), false if not.
	 *
	 * @return  mixed    A JForm object on success, false on failure
	 *
	 * @since   1.6
	 */
	public function getForm($data = array(), $loadData = true)
	{
		// Get the form.
		$form = $this->loadForm(
			'com_helloworld.helloworld',
			'helloworld',
			array(
				'control' => 'jform',
				'load_data' => $loadData
			)
		);

		if (empty($form))
		{
			return false;
		}

		return $form;
	}

	/**
	 * Method to preprocess the form to add the association fields dynamically
	 *
	 * @return     none
	 */
	protected function preprocessForm(JForm $form, $data, $group = 'helloworld')
	{
		// Association content items
		if (JLanguageAssociations::isEnabled())
		{
			$languages = JLanguageHelper::getContentLanguages(false, true, null, 'ordering', 'asc');

			if (count($languages) > 1)
			{
				$addform = new SimpleXMLElement('<form />');
				$fields = $addform->addChild('fields');
				$fields->addAttribute('name', 'associations');
				$fieldset = $fields->addChild('fieldset');
				$fieldset->addAttribute('name', 'item_associations');

				foreach ($languages as $language)
				{
					$field = $fieldset->addChild('field');
					$field->addAttribute('name', $language->lang_code);
					$field->addAttribute('type', 'modal_helloworld');
					$field->addAttribute('language', $language->lang_code);
					$field->addAttribute('label', $language->title);
					$field->addAttribute('translate_label', 'false');
				}

				$form->load($addform, false);
			}
		}
		parent::preprocessForm($form, $data, $group);
	}

	/**
	 * Method to get the script to be included on the form
	 *
	 * @return string	Script files
	 */
	public function getScript() 
	{
		return 'administrator/components/com_helloworld/models/forms/helloworld.js';
	}

	/**
	 * Method to get the data that should be injected in the form.
	 *
	 * @return  mixed  The data for the form.
	 *
	 * @since   1.6
	 */
	protected function loadFormData()
	{
		// Check the session for previously entered form data.
		$data = JFactory::getApplication()->getUserState(
			'com_helloworld.edit.helloworld.data',
			array()
		);

		if (empty($data))
		{
			$data = $this->getItem();
		}

		return $data;
	}
	/**
	 * Method to override the JModelAdmin save() function to handle Save as Copy correctly
	 *
	 * @param   The helloworld record data submitted from the form.
	 *
	 * @return  parent::save() return value
	 */
	public function save($data)
	{
		$input = JFactory::getApplication()->input;

		JLoader::register('CategoriesHelper', JPATH_ADMINISTRATOR . '/components/com_categories/helpers/categories.php');

		// Validate the category id
		// validateCategoryId() returns 0 if the catid can't be found
		if ((int) $data['catid'] > 0)
		{
			$data['catid'] = CategoriesHelper::validateCategoryId($data['catid'], 'com_helloworld');
		}

		// Alter the greeting and alias for save as copy
		if ($input->get('task') == 'save2copy')
		{
			$origTable = clone $this->getTable();
			$origTable->load($input->getInt('id'));

			if ($data['greeting'] == $origTable->greeting)
			{
				list($greeting, $alias) = $this->generateNewTitle($data['catid'], $data['alias'], $data['greeting']);
				$data['greeting'] = $greeting;
				$data['alias'] = $alias;
			}
			else
			{
				if ($data['alias'] == $origTable->alias)
				{
					$data['alias'] = '';
				}
			}
			// standard Joomla practice is to set the new record as unpublished
			$data['published'] = 0;
		}

		return parent::save($data);
	}
	/**
	 * Method to check if it's OK to delete a message. Overrides JModelAdmin::canDelete
	 */
	protected function canDelete($record)
	{
		if( !empty( $record->id ) )
		{
			return JFactory::getUser()->authorise( "core.delete", "com_helloworld.helloworld." . $record->id );
		}
	}
	/**
	 * Prepare a helloworld record for saving in the database
	 */
	protected function prepareTable($table)
	{
		// Set ordering to the last item if not set
		if (empty($table->ordering))
		{
			$db = $this->getDbo();
			$query = $db->getQuery(true)
				->select('MAX(ordering)')
				->from('#__helloworld');

			$db->setQuery($query);
			$max = $db->loadResult();

			$table->ordering = $max + 1;
		}
	}
}

Actualizar Cadenas de idioma del administrador

admin/language/en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.ini

; Joomla! Project
; Copyright (C) 2005 - 2018 Open Source Matters. All rights reserved.
; License GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt, see LICENSE.php
; Note : All ini files need to be saved as UTF-8

COM_HELLOWORLD_ADMINISTRATION="HelloWorld - Administration"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ADMINISTRATION_CATEGORIES="HelloWorld - Categories"
COM_HELLOWORLD_NUM="#"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_FILTER="Filters"
COM_HELLOWORLD_AUTHOR="Author"
COM_HELLOWORLD_LANGUAGE="Language"
COM_HELLOWORLD_CREATED_DATE="Created"
COM_HELLOWORLD_PUBLISHED="Published"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_NAME="Name"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_POSITION="Position"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_IMAGE="Image"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_ASSOCIATIONS="Associations"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ID="Id"

COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_CREATING="HelloWorld - Creating"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_DETAILS="Details"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_EDITING="HelloWorld - Editing"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_ERROR_UNACCEPTABLE="Some values are unacceptable"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CATID_DESC="The category the messages belongs to"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CATID_LABEL="Category"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_GREETING_DESC="This message will be displayed"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_GREETING_LABEL="Message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_SHOW_CATEGORY_LABEL="Show category"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_SHOW_CATEGORY_DESC="If set to Show, the title of the message&rsquo;s category will show."
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_LATITUDE_LABEL="Latitude"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_LATITUDE_DESC="Enter the position latitude, between -90 and +90 degrees"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_LONGITUDE_LABEL="Longitude"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_LONGITUDE_DESC="Enter the position longitude, between -180 and +180 degrees"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_LANGUAGE_DESC="Select the appropriate language"
COM_HELLOWORLD_IMAGE_FIELDS="Image details"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_IMAGE_LABEL="Select image"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_IMAGE_DESC="Select an image from the library, or upload a new one"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_ALT_LABEL="Alt text"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_ALT_DESC="Alternative text (if image cannot be displayed)"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CAPTION_LABEL="Caption"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CAPTION_DESC="Provide a caption for the image"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_HEADING_GREETING="Greeting"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_HEADING_ID="Id"
COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLD_EDIT="HelloWorld manager: Edit Message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLD_NEW="HelloWorld manager: New Message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLDS="HelloWorld manager"
COM_HELLOWORLD_EDIT_HELLOWORLD="Edit message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_N_ITEMS_DELETED_1="One message deleted"
COM_HELLOWORLD_N_ITEMS_DELETED_MORE="%d messages deleted"
COM_HELLOWORLD_N_ITEMS_PUBLISHED="%d message(s) published"
COM_HELLOWORLD_N_ITEMS_UNPUBLISHED="%d message(s) unpublished"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_LABEL="Greeting"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_DESC="Add Hello World Greeting"
COM_HELLOWORLD_SUBMENU_MESSAGES="Messages"
COM_HELLOWORLD_SUBMENU_CATEGORIES="Categories"
COM_HELLOWORLD_CONFIGURATION="HelloWorld Configuration"
COM_HELLOWORLD_CONFIG_GREETING_SETTINGS_LABEL="Messages settings"
COM_HELLOWORLD_CONFIG_GREETING_SETTINGS_DESC="Settings that will be applied to all messages by default"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CAPTCHA_LABEL="Captcha"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CAPTCHA_DESC="Select Captcha to use on front end form"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_USER_TO_EMAIL_LABEL="User to email"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_USER_TO_EMAIL_DESC="Select user to email when a new message is entered on front end"
COM_HELLOWORLD_FIELDSET_RULES="Message Permissions"
COM_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_RULES_LABEL="Permissions"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ACCESS_DELETE_DESC="Is this group allowed to edit this message?"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ACCESS_DELETE_DESC="Is this group allowed to delete this message?"
COM_HELLOWORLD_TAB_NEW_MESSAGE="New Message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_TAB_EDIT_MESSAGE="Message Details"
COM_HELLOWORLD_TAB_PARAMS="Parameters"
COM_HELLOWORLD_TAB_ASSOCIATIONS="Associations"
COM_HELLOWORLD_TAB_PERMISSIONS="Permissions"
COM_HELLOWORLD_TAB_IMAGE="Image"
COM_HELLOWORLD_LEGEND_DETAILS="Message Details"
COM_HELLOWORLD_LEGEND_PARAMS="Message Parameters"
COM_HELLOWORLD_LEGEND_ASSOCIATIONS="Message Associations"
COM_HELLOWORLD_LEGEND_PERMISSIONS="Message Permissions"
COM_HELLOWORLD_LEGEND_IMAGE="Image info"
; Column ordering in the Helloworlds view
COM_HELLOWORLD_ORDERING_ASC="Ordering ascending"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ORDERING_DESC="Ordering descending"
COM_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_ASC="Greeting ascending"
COM_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_DESC="Greeting descending"
COM_HELLOWORLD_AUTHOR_ASC="Author ascending"
COM_HELLOWORLD_AUTHOR_DESC="Author descending"
COM_HELLOWORLD_CREATED_ASC="Creation date ascending"
COM_HELLOWORLD_CREATED_DESC="Creation date descending"
COM_HELLOWORLD_PUBLISHED_ASC="Unpublished first"
COM_HELLOWORLD_PUBLISHED_DESC="Published first"
COM_HELLOWORLD_LANGUAGE_ASC="Language ascending"
COM_HELLOWORLD_LANGUAGE_DESC="Language descending"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ASSOCIATION_ASC="Association ascending"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ASSOCIATION_DESC="Association descending"
; Helloworld menuitem - selecting a greeting via modal
COM_HELLOWORLD_MENUITEM_SELECT_MODAL_TITLE="Select greeting"
COM_HELLOWORLD_MENUITEM_SELECT_HELLOWORLD="Select"
COM_HELLOWORLD_MENUITEM_SELECT_BUTTON_TOOLTIP="Select a helloworld greeting"
; Checking in records
COM_HELLOWORLD_N_ITEMS_CHECKED_IN_0="No records checked in."
COM_HELLOWORLD_N_ITEMS_CHECKED_IN_1="%d record successfully checked in."
COM_HELLOWORLD_N_ITEMS_CHECKED_IN_MORE="%d records successfully checked in."

Vista del lado cliente de la categoría

Configuramos nuestro modelo de categoría para que el orden predeterminado esté utilizando el campo Ordering.

site/models/category.php

<?php
/**
 * Model for displaying the helloworld messages in a given category
 */

defined('_JEXEC') or die;

class HelloworldModelCategory extends JModelList
{
	public function __construct($config = array())
	{
		if (empty($config['filter_fields']))
		{
			$config['filter_fields'] = array(
				'id',
				'greeting',
				'alias',
				'ordering',
			);
		}

		parent::__construct($config);
	}
    
	protected function populateState($ordering = null, $direction = null)
	{
		parent::populateState($ordering, $direction);
        
		$app = JFactory::getApplication('site');
		$catid = $app->input->getInt('id');

		$this->setState('category.id', $catid);
	}
    
	protected function getListQuery()
	{
		$db    = JFactory::getDbo();
		$query = $db->getQuery(true);

		$catid = $this->getState('category.id'); 
		$query->select('id, greeting, alias, catid')
			->from($db->quoteName('#__helloworld'))
			->where('catid = ' . $catid);

		if (JLanguageMultilang::isEnabled())
		{
			$lang = JFactory::getLanguage()->getTag();
			$query->where('language IN ("*","' . $lang . '")');
		}

		$orderCol	= $this->state->get('list.ordering', 'ordering');
		$orderDirn 	= $this->state->get('list.direction', 'asc');

		$query->order($db->escape($orderCol) . ' ' . $db->escape($orderDirn));

		return $query;	
	}

	public function getCategoryName()
	{
		$catid = $this->getState('category.id'); 
		$categories = JCategories::getInstance('Helloworld', array());
		$categoryNode = $categories->get($catid);   
		return $categoryNode->title; 
	}
    
	public function getSubcategories()
	{
		$catid = $this->getState('category.id'); 
		$categories = JCategories::getInstance('Helloworld', array());
		$categoryNode = $categories->get($catid);
		$subcats = $categoryNode->getChildren(); 
        
		$lang = JFactory::getLanguage()->getTag();
		if (JLanguageMultilang::isEnabled() && $lang)
		{
			$query_lang = "&lang={$lang}";
		}
		else
		{
			$query_lang = '';
		}
        
		foreach ($subcats as $subcat)
		{
			$subcat->url = JRoute::_("index.php?view=category&id=" . $subcat->id . $query_lang);
		}
		return $subcats;
	}
}

Y permitimos que el usuario ordene usando el campo de Ordenamiento incluyéndolo dentro de los campos de filtro en la vista de categoría.

site/models/forms/filter_category.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<form>
	<fields name="list">
        <field
			name="fullordering"
			type="list"
			onchange="this.form.submit();"
			default="ordering ASC"
			>
			<option value="">COM_HELLOWORLD_SORT_BY</option>
			<option value="ordering ASC">COM_HELLOWORLD_ORDERING_ASC</option>
			<option value="ordering DESC">COM_HELLOWORLD_ORDERING_DESC</option>
			<option value="greeting ASC">COM_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_ASC</option>
			<option value="greeting DESC">COM_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_DESC</option>
			<option value="id ASC">COM_HELLOWORLD_ID_ASC</option>
			<option value="id DESC">COM_HELLOWORLD_ID_DESC</option>
			<option value="alias ASC">COM_HELLOWORLD_ALIAS_ASC</option>
			<option value="alias DESC">COM_HELLOWORLD_ALIAS_DESC</option>
		</field>
		<field
			name="limit"
			type="limitbox"
			class="input-mini"
			default="10"
			onchange="this.form.submit();"
		/>
	</fields>
</form>

Creando un nuevo registro en el lado cliente

Solo para ser diferente del lado servidor, estableceremos el valor de pedido del nuevo registro para que aparezca al inicio.

site/models/form.php

<?php
/**
 * @package     Joomla.Administrator
 * @subpackage  com_helloworld
 *
 * @copyright   Copyright (C) 2005 - 2018 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * @license     GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
 */

// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');

/**
 * HelloWorld Model
 *
 * @since  0.0.1
 */
class HelloWorldModelForm extends JModelAdmin
{

	/**
	 * Method to get a table object, load it if necessary.
	 *
	 * @param   string  $type    The table name. Optional.
	 * @param   string  $prefix  The class prefix. Optional.
	 * @param   array   $config  Configuration array for model. Optional.
	 *
	 * @return  JTable  A JTable object
	 *
	 * @since   1.6
	 */
	public function getTable($type = 'HelloWorld', $prefix = 'HelloWorldTable', $config = array())
	{
		return JTable::getInstance($type, $prefix, $config);
	}

    /**
	 * Method to get the record form.
	 *
	 * @param   array    $data      Data for the form.
	 * @param   boolean  $loadData  True if the form is to load its own data (default case), false if not.
	 *
	 * @return  mixed    A JForm object on success, false on failure
	 *
	 * @since   1.6
	 */
	public function getForm($data = array(), $loadData = true)
	{
		// Get the form.
		$form = $this->loadForm(
			'com_helloworld.form',
			'add-form',
			array(
				'control' => 'jform',
				'load_data' => $loadData
			)
		);

		if (empty($form))
		{
			$errors = $this->getErrors();
			throw new Exception(implode("\n", $errors), 500);
		}

		return $form;
	}

	/**
	 * Method to get the data that should be injected in the form.
	 * As this form is for add, we're not prefilling the form with an existing record
	 * But if the user has previously hit submit and the validation has found an error,
	 *   then we inject what was previously entered.
	 *
	 * @return  mixed  The data for the form.
	 *
	 * @since   1.6
	 */
	protected function loadFormData()
	{
		// Check the session for previously entered form data.
		$data = JFactory::getApplication()->getUserState(
			'com_helloworld.edit.helloworld.data',
			array()
		);

		return $data;
	}
    
	/**
	 * Method to get the script that have to be included on the form
	 * This returns the script associated with helloworld field greeting validation
	 *
	 * @return string	Script files
	 */
	public function getScript() 
	{
		return 'administrator/components/com_helloworld/models/forms/helloworld.js';
	}

	/**
	 * Prepare a helloworld record for saving in the database
	 */
	protected function prepareTable($table)
	{
		// Reorder the records within the category so the new record is first
		if (empty($table->id))
		{
			$table->reorder('catid = ' . (int) $table->catid);
		}
	}
}

Actualizar Cadenas de idioma del Sitio

site/language/en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.ini

; add new message form
COM_HELLOWORLD_LEGEND_DETAILS="New Helloworld Message Details"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_CREATING="Add message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_ERROR_UNACCEPTABLE="Sorry, you have an error"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_DETAILS="Message details"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_LABEL="Greeting"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_DESC="Please specify the greeting to add"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_HINT="Any characters allowed"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CATID_LABEL="Category"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CATID_DESC="Please select the associated category"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_MESSAGE_LABEL="Reason"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_MESSAGE_DESC="Please say why you're adding this greeting"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_MESSAGE_HINT="No HTML tags!"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CAPTCHA_LABEL="Spam protection"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CAPTCHA_DESC="Prove you're a real person!"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_SHOW_CATEGORY_LABEL="Display category or not?"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_SHOW_CATEGORY_DESC="Select if you want the category displayed too"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_IMAGE_LABEL="Image information"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_PICTURE_LABEL="Image file to upload"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_PICTURE_DESC="Select the file with the image to upload"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_CAPTION_LABEL="Caption"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_CAPTION_DESC="Text to use as a caption for the image"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_ALTTEXT_LABEL="Alt text"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_ALTTEXT_DESC="Text to display if image cannot be shown"
; save and cancel confirmation messages
COM_HELLOWORLD_ADD_SUCCESSFUL="New greeting successfully saved"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ADD_CANCELLED="New greeting cancelled ok"
; file upload error conditions
COM_HELLOWORLD_ERROR_FILEUPLOAD="PHP Error %s encountered when uploading file"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ERROR_FILETOOLARGE="Upload file exceeds max size configured in Joomla"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ERROR_BADFILENAME="Upload file has an invalid filename"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ERROR_FILE_EXISTS="Upload file already exists"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ERROR_UNABLE_TO_UPLOAD_FILE="Error creating uploaded file"
; helloworld greeting page
COM_HELLOWORLD_SEARCH_HERE_BUTTON="Search here"
; Ajax handling errors
COM_HELLOWORLD_ERROR_NO_RECORDS="Didn't get any records"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ERROR_NO_MAP_BOUNDS="Error: no map bounds"
; category view, search and ordering fields and headings
COM_HELLOWORLD_SORT_BY="Sort by ..."
COM_HELLOWORLD_ORDERING_ASC="Ordering asc"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ORDERING_DESC="Ordering desc"
COM_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_ASC="Greeting asc"
COM_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_DESC="Greeting desc"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ID_ASC="id asc"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ID_DESC="id desc"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ALIAS_ASC="alias asc"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ALIAS_DESC="alias desc"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_ALIAS_LABEL="Alias"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_URL_LABEL="URL"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HEADER_SUBCATEGORIES="Subcategories"

Empaquetado del componente

Contenido de su directorio de código. Cada enlace a un archivo a continuación te lleva al paso en el tutorial que tiene la última versión de ese archivo de código fuente.

helloworld.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<extension type="component" version="3.0" method="upgrade">

	<name>COM_HELLOWORLD</name>
	<!-- The following elements are optional and free of formatting constraints -->
	<creationDate>January 2018</creationDate>
	<author>John Doe</author>
	<authorEmail>john.doe@example.org</authorEmail>
	<authorUrl>http://www.example.org</authorUrl>
	<copyright>Copyright Info</copyright>
	<license>License Info</license>
	<!--  The version string is recorded in the components table -->
	<version>0.0.25</version>
	<!-- The description is optional and defaults to the name -->
	<description>COM_HELLOWORLD_DESCRIPTION</description>

	<!-- Runs on install/uninstall/update; New in 2.5 -->
	<scriptfile>script.php</scriptfile>

	<install> <!-- Runs on install -->
		<sql>
			<file driver="mysql" charset="utf8">sql/install.mysql.utf8.sql</file>
		</sql>
	</install>
	<uninstall> <!-- Runs on uninstall -->
		<sql>
			<file driver="mysql" charset="utf8">sql/uninstall.mysql.utf8.sql</file>
		</sql>
	</uninstall>
	<update> <!-- Runs on update; New since J2.5 -->
		<schemas>
			<schemapath type="mysql">sql/updates/mysql</schemapath>
		</schemas>
	</update>

	<!-- Site Main File Copy Section -->
	<!-- Note the folder attribute: This attribute describes the folder
		to copy FROM in the package to install therefore files copied
		in this section are copied from /site/ in the package -->
	<files folder="site">
		<filename>index.html</filename>
		<filename>helloworld.php</filename>
		<filename>controller.php</filename>
		<filename>router.php</filename>
		<folder>controllers</folder>
		<folder>views</folder>
		<folder>models</folder>
		<folder>helpers</folder>
	</files>

		<languages folder="site/language">
			<language tag="en-GB">en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.ini</language>
			<language tag="fr-FR">fr-FR/fr-FR.com_helloworld.ini</language>
		</languages>

	<media destination="com_helloworld" folder="media">
		<filename>index.html</filename>
		<folder>images</folder>
		<folder>js</folder>
		<folder>css</folder>
	</media>

	<administration>
		<!-- Administration Menu Section -->
		<menu link='index.php?option=com_helloworld' img="../media/com_helloworld/images/tux-16x16.png">COM_HELLOWORLD_MENU</menu>
		<!-- Administration Main File Copy Section -->
		<!-- Note the folder attribute: This attribute describes the folder
			to copy FROM in the package to install therefore files copied
			in this section are copied from /admin/ in the package -->
		<files folder="admin">
			<!-- Admin Main File Copy Section -->
			<filename>index.html</filename>
			<filename>config.xml</filename>
			<filename>helloworld.php</filename>
			<filename>controller.php</filename>
			<filename>access.xml</filename>
			<!-- SQL files section -->
			<folder>sql</folder>
			<!-- tables files section -->
			<folder>tables</folder>
			<!-- models files section -->
			<folder>models</folder>
			<!-- views files section -->
			<folder>views</folder>
			<!-- controllers files section -->
			<folder>controllers</folder>
			<!-- helpers files section -->
			<folder>helpers</folder>
		</files>
		<languages folder="admin/language">
			<language tag="en-GB">en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.ini</language>
			<language tag="en-GB">en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.sys.ini</language>
			<language tag="fr-FR">fr-FR/fr-FR.com_helloworld.ini</language>
			<language tag="fr-FR">fr-FR/fr-FR.com_helloworld.sys.ini</language>
		</languages>
	</administration>

</extension>

Colaboradores