J3.x

Developing an MVC Component/Adding a Map

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3.x
Tutorial
Developing an MVC Component


This is a multiple-article series of tutorials on how to develop a Model-View-Controller Component for Joomla! VersionJoomla 3.x.

Begin with the Introduction, and navigate the articles in this series by using the navigation button at the bottom or the box to the right (the Articles in this series).



This tutorial is part of the Developing a MVC Component for Joomla! 3.x tutorial. You are encouraged to read the previous parts of the tutorial before reading this.

In this step we add a map to the frontend site part, which provides the basis for understanding how we can get Joomla to link to our JavaScript and CSS code.

A video accompanying this step is available at Step 18 Adding a Map.

Functionality

Currently on our front end we can display a Helloworld greeting on a site web page. We'll enhance this page so that it displays a map as well.

We'll add a latitude and longitude into each Helloworld record so that we can display an associated position on that map.

Approach

We will add a latitude and a longitude field to our helloworld records, to relate them to a position on a map. This will involve changes to our admin functionality to enable the new fields to be populated and viewed.

Currently our site Helloworld view displays the helloworld greeting, and we'll enhance this view to display the map as well, with the position of the helloworld record (as defined by the latitude and longitude fields) shown as a marker on the map, and the map centralised on this point. We'll not bother updating the front end form to include the lat/lng fields however.

The map will be a dynamic (aka slippy) map, rather than a static map (which can usually be generated using just a URL), so the presentation will involve using a javascript library, and some CSS for styling. We'll need to tell Joomla to include our javascript and CSS code, and we'll need to pass data from our php code to our javascript code.

Primarily we'll use the open source Openlayers library, which is built upon the OpenStreetMap data. As an alternative we'll also include code for using Google maps instead.

Updating the Database

Add two fields, latitude and longitude, to our database record.

admin/sql/install.mysql.utf8.sql

DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `#__helloworld`;

CREATE TABLE `#__helloworld` (
	`id`       INT(11)     NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
	`asset_id` INT(10)     NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
	`created`  DATETIME    NOT NULL DEFAULT '0000-00-00 00:00:00',
	`created_by`  INT(10) UNSIGNED NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
	`greeting` VARCHAR(25) NOT NULL,
	`published` tinyint(4) NOT NULL DEFAULT '1',
	`catid`	    int(11)    NOT NULL DEFAULT '0',
	`params`   VARCHAR(1024) NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
	`image`   VARCHAR(1024) NOT NULL DEFAULT '',
	`latitude` DECIMAL(9,7) NOT NULL DEFAULT 0.0,
	`longitude` DECIMAL(10,7) NOT NULL DEFAULT 0.0,
	PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
)
	ENGINE =MyISAM
	AUTO_INCREMENT =0
	DEFAULT CHARSET =utf8;

INSERT INTO `#__helloworld` (`greeting`) VALUES
('Hello World!'),
('Goodbye World!');

/admin/sql/updates/mysql/0.0.18.sql

ALTER TABLE `#__helloworld` ADD `latitude` DECIMAL(9,7) NOT NULL DEFAULT 0.0;
ALTER TABLE `#__helloworld` ADD `longitude` DECIMAL(10,7) NOT NULL DEFAULT 0.0;

Admin Helloworld Edit Form

We'll change the edit form so that the two new fields are included as well.

admin/models/forms/helloworld.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<form
				addrulepath="/administrator/components/com_helloworld/models/rules"
>
	<fieldset
				name="details"
				label="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_DETAILS"
	>
		<field
				name="id"
				type="hidden"
				/>
		<field
				name="greeting"
				type="text"
				label="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_LABEL"
				description="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_DESC"
				size="40"
				class="inputbox validate-greeting"
				validate="greeting"
				required="true"
				default=""
				/>
		<field
				name="catid"
				type="category"
				extension="com_helloworld"
				class="inputbox"
				default=""
				label="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CATID_LABEL"
				description="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CATID_DESC"
				required="true"
		>
			<option value="0">JOPTION_SELECT_CATEGORY</option>
		</field>
		<field
				name="latitude"
				type="number"
				label="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_LATITUDE_LABEL"
				description="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_LATITUDE_DESC"
				min="-90.0"
				max="90.0"
				class="inputbox"
				required="true"
				default="0.0"
				/>
		<field
				name="longitude"
				type="number"
				label="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_LONGITUDE_LABEL"
				description="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_LONGITUDE_DESC"
				min="-180.0"
				max="180.0"
				class="inputbox"
				required="true"
				default="0.0"
				/>
	</fieldset>
	<fields name="imageinfo">
		<fieldset
			name="image-info"
			label="COM_HELLOWORLD_IMAGE_FIELDS"
		>
			<field
				name="image"
				type="media"
				preview="tooltip"
				label="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_IMAGE_LABEL"
				description="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_IMAGE_DESC" />
			<field name="alt"
				type="text"
				label="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_ALT_LABEL"
				description="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_ALT_DESC"
				size="30"/>
			<field name="caption"
				type="text"
				label="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CAPTION_LABEL"
				description="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CAPTION_DESC"
				size="30"/>
		</fieldset>
	</fields>
	<fields name="params">
		<fieldset
				name="params"
				label="JGLOBAL_FIELDSET_DISPLAY_OPTIONS"
		>
			<field
					name="show_category"
					type="list"
					label="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_SHOW_CATEGORY_LABEL"
					description="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_SHOW_CATEGORY_DESC"
					default=""
			>
				<option value="">JGLOBAL_USE_GLOBAL</option>
				<option value="0">JHIDE</option>
				<option value="1">JSHOW</option>
			</field>
		</fieldset>
	</fields>
	<fieldset
			name="accesscontrol"
			label="COM_HELLOWORLD_FIELDSET_RULES"
	>
    	<field
				name="asset_id"
				type="hidden"
				filter="unset"
				/>
    	<field
				name="rules"
				type="rules"
				label="COM_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_RULES_LABEL"
				filter="rules"
				validate="rules"
				class="inputbox"
				component="com_helloworld"
				section="message"
				/>
    </fieldset>
</form>

There's nothing else that we need to do to get the admin edit form to work, but you should convince yourself that you understand why the following aspects are already covered:

  • prefilling the form with lat/lng data from the database
  • displaying the lat/lng fields in the layout file
  • controller and model functionality to update the lat/lng records in response to the administrator hitting Save.

Admin Helloworlds List View

We need to update the model so that the latitude and longitude are included in the fields selected in the SQL query. We're not going to provide sorting by the latitude/longitude data, so there's no need to include these fields in the filter_fields array.

admin/models/helloworlds.php

<?php
/**
 * @package     Joomla.Administrator
 * @subpackage  com_helloworld
 *
 * @copyright   Copyright (C) 2005 - 2018 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * @license     GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
 */
// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');

/**
 * HelloWorldList Model
 *
 * @since  0.0.1
 */
class HelloWorldModelHelloWorlds extends JModelList
{
	/**
	 * Constructor.
	 *
	 * @param   array  $config  An optional associative array of configuration settings.
	 *
	 * @see     JController
	 * @since   1.6
	 */
	public function __construct($config = array())
	{
		if (empty($config['filter_fields']))
		{
			$config['filter_fields'] = array(
				'id',
				'greeting',
				'author',
				'created',
				'published'
			);
		}

		parent::__construct($config);
	}

	/**
	 * Method to build an SQL query to load the list data.
	 *
	 * @return      string  An SQL query
	 */
	protected function getListQuery()
	{
		// Initialize variables.
		$db    = JFactory::getDbo();
		$query = $db->getQuery(true);

		// Create the base select statement.
		$query->select('a.id as id, a.greeting as greeting, a.published as published, a.created as created, 
			  a.image as imageInfo, a.latitude as latitude, a.longitude as longitude')
			  ->from($db->quoteName('#__helloworld', 'a'));

		// Join over the categories.
		$query->select($db->quoteName('c.title', 'category_title'))
			->join('LEFT', $db->quoteName('#__categories', 'c') . ' ON c.id = a.catid');
        
		// Join with users table to get the username of the author
		$query->select($db->quoteName('u.username', 'author'))
			->join('LEFT', $db->quoteName('#__users', 'u') . ' ON u.id = a.created_by');
            
		// Filter: like / search
		$search = $this->getState('filter.search');

		if (!empty($search))
		{
			$like = $db->quote('%' . $search . '%');
			$query->where('greeting LIKE ' . $like);
		}

		// Filter by published state
		$published = $this->getState('filter.published');

		if (is_numeric($published))
		{
			$query->where('a.published = ' . (int) $published);
		}
		elseif ($published === '')
		{
			$query->where('(a.published IN (0, 1))');
		}

		// Add the list ordering clause.
		$orderCol	= $this->state->get('list.ordering', 'greeting');
		$orderDirn 	= $this->state->get('list.direction', 'asc');

		$query->order($db->escape($orderCol) . ' ' . $db->escape($orderDirn));

		return $query;
	}
}

We also need to change the layout file to squeeze the new fields into the display. We'll display them together in a Position column, in the form [lat, lng].

admin/views/helloworlds/tmpl/default.php

<?php
/**
 * @package     Joomla.Administrator
 * @subpackage  com_helloworld
 *
 * @copyright   Copyright (C) 2005 - 2018 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * @license     GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
 */

// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted Access');

use Joomla\Registry\Registry;

JHtml::_('formbehavior.chosen', 'select');

$listOrder     = $this->escape($this->state->get('list.ordering'));
$listDirn      = $this->escape($this->state->get('list.direction'));
?>
<form action="index.php?option=com_helloworld&view=helloworlds" method="post" id="adminForm" name="adminForm">
	<div id="j-sidebar-container" class="span2">
		<?php echo JHtmlSidebar::render(); ?>
	</div>
	<div id="j-main-container" class="span10">
        <div class="row-fluid">
            <div class="span6">
                <?php echo JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_FILTER'); ?>
                <?php
                    echo JLayoutHelper::render(
                        'joomla.searchtools.default',
                        array('view' => $this)
                    );
                ?>
            </div>
        </div>
        <table class="table table-striped table-hover">
            <thead>
            <tr>
                <th width="1%"><?php echo JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_NUM'); ?></th>
                <th width="2%">
                    <?php echo JHtml::_('grid.checkall'); ?>
                </th>
                <th width="15%">
                    <?php echo JHtml::_('searchtools.sort', 'COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_NAME', 'greeting', $listDirn, $listOrder); ?>
                </th>
                <th width="15%">
                    <?php echo JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_POSITION'); ?>
                </th>
                <th width="30%">
                    <?php echo JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_IMAGE'); ?>
                </th>
                <th width="15%">
                    <?php echo JHtml::_('searchtools.sort', 'COM_HELLOWORLD_AUTHOR', 'author', $listDirn, $listOrder); ?>
                </th>
                <th width="15%">
                    <?php echo JHtml::_('searchtools.sort', 'COM_HELLOWORLD_CREATED_DATE', 'created', $listDirn, $listOrder); ?>
                </th>
                <th width="5%">
                    <?php echo JHtml::_('searchtools.sort', 'COM_HELLOWORLD_PUBLISHED', 'published', $listDirn, $listOrder); ?>
                </th>
                <th width="2%">
                    <?php echo JHtml::_('searchtools.sort', 'COM_HELLOWORLD_ID', 'id', $listDirn, $listOrder); ?>
                </th>
            </tr>
            </thead>
            <tfoot>
                <tr>
                    <td colspan="5">
                        <?php echo $this->pagination->getListFooter(); ?>
                    </td>
                </tr>
            </tfoot>
            <tbody>
                <?php if (!empty($this->items)) : ?>
                    <?php foreach ($this->items as $i => $row) :
                        $link = JRoute::_('index.php?option=com_helloworld&task=helloworld.edit&id=' . $row->id);
                        $row->image = new Registry;
                        $row->image->loadString($row->imageInfo);
                    ?>
                        <tr>
                            <td><?php echo $this->pagination->getRowOffset($i); ?></td>
                            <td>
                                <?php echo JHtml::_('grid.id', $i, $row->id); ?>
                            </td>
                            <td>
                                <a href="<?php echo $link; ?>" title="<?php echo JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_EDIT_HELLOWORLD'); ?>">
                                    <?php echo $row->greeting; ?>
                                </a>
                                <div class="small">
                                    <?php echo JText::_('JCATEGORY') . ': ' . $this->escape($row->category_title); ?>
                                </div>
                            </td>
                            <td align="center">
                                <?php echo "[" . $row->latitude . ", " . $row->longitude . "]"; ?>
                            </td>
                            <td align="center">
                                <?php
                                    $caption = $row->image->get('caption') ? : '' ;
                                    $src = JURI::root() . ($row->image->get('image') ? : '' );
                                    $html = '<p class="hasTooltip" style="display: inline-block" data-html="true" data-toggle="tooltip" data-placement="right" title="<img width=\'100px\' height=\'100px\' src=\'%s\'>">%s</p>';
                                    echo sprintf($html, $src, $caption);  ?>
                            </td>
                            <td align="center">
                                <?php echo $row->author; ?>
                            </td>
                            <td align="center">
                                <?php echo substr($row->created, 0, 10); ?>
                            </td>
                            <td align="center">
                                <?php echo JHtml::_('jgrid.published', $row->published, $i, 'helloworlds.', true, 'cb'); ?>
                            </td>
                            <td align="center">
                                <?php echo $row->id; ?>
                            </td>
                        </tr>
                    <?php endforeach; ?>
                <?php endif; ?>
            </tbody>
        </table>
        <input type="hidden" name="task" value=""/>
        <input type="hidden" name="boxchecked" value="0"/>
        <?php echo JHtml::_('form.token'); ?>
    </div>
</form>

Site Helloworld Display

We extend our site helloworld display functionality so that it includes a map. The map will require the Openlayers Javascript library and associated CSS file, as well as our own JS and CSS files. By convention the latter go into the /media folder, and we put into the view file the code to link all these into our Joomla web page.

We also need to pass some data from our PHP code into our JS code, so that the map can be positioned correctly. This data comprises:

  • the lat/lng of the helloworld record - we'll centre the map on this, and also put a map marker on this point
  • the initial zoom of the map - we'll fix this at 10, although in a real deployment we would problem set this through defining a configuration parameter within the Helloworld Admin Config
  • the helloworld greeting - we'll display this in a pop-up when the map marker is clicked.

To implement this we'll get our view to call a model function getMapParams() which will provide the data, then the view code will initiate the transfer of the data to the JS code using the Joomla JDocument method addScriptOptions().

site/views/helloworld/view.html.php

<?php
/**
 * @package     Joomla.Administrator
 * @subpackage  com_helloworld
 *
 * @copyright   Copyright (C) 2005 - 2018 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * @license     GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
 */

// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');

/**
 * HTML View class for the HelloWorld Component
 *
 * @since  0.0.1
 */
class HelloWorldViewHelloWorld extends JViewLegacy
{
	/**
	 * Display the Hello World view
	 *
	 * @param   string  $tpl  The name of the template file to parse; automatically searches through the template paths.
	 *
	 * @return  void
	 */
	function display($tpl = null)
	{
		// Assign data to the view
		$this->item = $this->get('Item');

		// Check for errors.
		if (count($errors = $this->get('Errors')))
		{
			JLog::add(implode('<br />', $errors), JLog::WARNING, 'jerror');

			return false;
		}

		$this->addMap();

		// Display the view
		parent::display($tpl);
	}

	function addMap() 
	{
		$document = JFactory::getDocument();

		// everything's dependent upon JQuery
		JHtml::_('jquery.framework');

		// we need the Openlayers JS and CSS libraries
		$document->addScript("https://openlayers.org/en/v4.6.4/build/ol.js");
		$document->addStyleSheet("https://openlayers.org/en/v4.6.4/css/ol.css");

		// ... and our own JS and CSS
		$document->addScript(JURI::root() . "media/com_helloworld/js/openstreetmap.js");
		$document->addStyleSheet(JURI::root() . "media/com_helloworld/css/openstreetmap.css");

		// get the data to pass to our JS code
		$params = $this->get("mapParams");
		$document->addScriptOptions('params', $params);
	}
}


site/models/helloworld.php

<?php
/**
 * @package     Joomla.Administrator
 * @subpackage  com_helloworld
 *
 * @copyright   Copyright (C) 2005 - 2018 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * @license     GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
 */

// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');

/**
 * HelloWorld Model
 *
 * @since  0.0.1
 */
class HelloWorldModelHelloWorld extends JModelItem
{
	/**
	 * @var object item
	 */
	protected $item;

	/**
	 * Method to auto-populate the model state.
	 *
	 * This method should only be called once per instantiation and is designed
	 * to be called on the first call to the getState() method unless the model
	 * configuration flag to ignore the request is set.
	 *
	 * Note. Calling getState in this method will result in recursion.
	 *
	 * @return	void
	 * @since	2.5
	 */
	protected function populateState()
	{
		// Get the message id
		$jinput = JFactory::getApplication()->input;
		$id     = $jinput->get('id', 1, 'INT');
		$this->setState('message.id', $id);

		// Load the parameters.
		$this->setState('params', JFactory::getApplication()->getParams());
		parent::populateState();
	}

	/**
	 * Method to get a table object, load it if necessary.
	 *
	 * @param   string  $type    The table name. Optional.
	 * @param   string  $prefix  The class prefix. Optional.
	 * @param   array   $config  Configuration array for model. Optional.
	 *
	 * @return  JTable  A JTable object
	 *
	 * @since   1.6
	 */
	public function getTable($type = 'HelloWorld', $prefix = 'HelloWorldTable', $config = array())
	{
		return JTable::getInstance($type, $prefix, $config);
	}

	/**
	 * Get the message
	 * @return object The message to be displayed to the user
	 */
	public function getItem()
	{
		if (!isset($this->item)) 
		{
			$id    = $this->getState('message.id');
			$db    = JFactory::getDbo();
			$query = $db->getQuery(true);
			$query->select('h.greeting, h.params, h.image as image, c.title as category, h.latitude as latitude, h.longitude as longitude')
				  ->from('#__helloworld as h')
				  ->leftJoin('#__categories as c ON h.catid=c.id')
				  ->where('h.id=' . (int)$id);
			$db->setQuery((string)$query);
		
			if ($this->item = $db->loadObject()) 
			{
				// Load the JSON string
				$params = new JRegistry;
				$params->loadString($this->item->params, 'JSON');
				$this->item->params = $params;

				// Merge global params with item params
				$params = clone $this->getState('params');
				$params->merge($this->item->params);
				$this->item->params = $params;

				// Convert the JSON-encoded image info into an array
				$image = new JRegistry;
				$image->loadString($this->item->image, 'JSON');
				$this->item->imageDetails = $image;
			}
		}
		return $this->item;
	}

	public function getMapParams()
	{
		if ($this->item) 
		{
			$this->mapParams = array(
				'latitude' => $this->item->latitude,
				'longitude' => $this->item->longitude,
				'zoom' => 10,
				'greeting' => $this->item->greeting
			);
			return $this->mapParams; 
		}
		else
		{
			throw new Exception('No helloworld details available for map', 500);
		}
	}
}

Finally we need to update our helloworld display layout file to include containers for the map and for the pop-up which displays the greeting when we click on the map marker.

site/views/helloworld/tmpl/default.php

<?php
/**
 * @package     Joomla.Administrator
 * @subpackage  com_helloworld
 *
 * @copyright   Copyright (C) 2005 - 2018 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * @license     GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
 */

// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');
?>
<h1><?php echo $this->item->greeting.(($this->item->category and $this->item->params->get('show_category'))
                                      ? (' ('.$this->item->category.')') : ''); ?>
</h1>
<?php
    $src = $this->item->imageDetails['image'];
    if ($src)
    {
        $html = '<figure>
                    <img src="%s" alt="%s" >
                    <figcaption>%s</figcaption>
                </figure>';
        $alt = $this->item->imageDetails['alt'];
        $caption = $this->item->imageDetails['caption'];
        echo sprintf($html, $src, $alt, $caption);
    } ?>
<div id="map" class="map"></div>
<div class="map-callout map-callout-bottom" id="greeting-container"></div>

Map Javascript and CSS code

The following two files are new to this step in the tutorial. As these two files are going into new subfolders within /media, we need to add a standard index.html in each folder, and tell Joomla to include them by inserting them in the manifest XML file.

media/js/openstreetmap.js

jQuery(document).ready(function() {
    
    // get the data passed from Joomla PHP
    // params is a Javascript object with properties for the map display: 
    // centre latitude, centre longitude and zoom, and the helloworld greeting
    const params = Joomla.getOptions('params');
    
    // We'll use OpenLayers to draw the map (http://openlayers.org/)
    
    // Openlayers uses an x,y coordinate system for positions
    // We need to convert our lat/long into an x,y pair which is relative
    // to the map projection we're using, viz Spherical Mercator WGS 84
    const x = parseFloat(params.longitude);
    const y = parseFloat(params.latitude);
    const mapCentre = ol.proj.fromLonLat([x, y]); // Spherical Mercator is assumed by default
    
    // To draw a map, Openlayers needs:
    // 1. a target HTML element into which the map is put
    // 2. a map layer, which can be eg a Vector layer with details of polygons for
    //    country boundaries, lines for roads, etc, or a Tile layer, with individual
    //    .png files for each map tile (256 by 256 pixel square).
    // 3. a view, specifying the 2D projection of the map (default Spherical Mercator),
    //    map centre coordinates and zoom level
    var map = new ol.Map({
        target: 'map',
        layers: [
            new ol.layer.Tile({  // we'll get the tiles from the OSM server
                source: new ol.source.OSM()
            })
        ],
        view: new ol.View({  // default is Spherical Mercator projection
            center: mapCentre,
            zoom: params.zoom
        })
    });
    
    // Now we add a marker for our Helloworld position
    // To do that, we specify it as a Point Feature, and we add styling 
    // to define how that Feature is presented on the map
    var helloworldPoint = new ol.Feature({geometry: new ol.geom.Point(mapCentre)});
    // we'll define the style as a red 5 point star with blue edging
    const redFill = new ol.style.Fill({
        color: 'red'
    });
    const blueStroke = new ol.style.Stroke({
        color: 'blue',
        width: 3
    });
    const star = new ol.style.RegularShape({
        fill: redFill,
        stroke: blueStroke,
        points: 5,
        radius1: 20,   // outer radius of star
        radius2: 10,   // inner radius of star
    })
    helloworldPoint.setStyle(new ol.style.Style({
        image: star
    }));
    // now we add the feature to the map via a Vector source and Vector layer
    const vectorSource = new ol.source.Vector({});
    vectorSource.addFeature(helloworldPoint);
    const vector = new ol.layer.Vector({
        source: vectorSource
    });
    map.addLayer(vector);
    
    // If a user clicks on the star, then we'll show the helloworld greeting
    // The greeting will go into another HTML element, with id="greeting-container"
    // and this will be shown as an Overlay on the map
    var overlay = new ol.Overlay({
        element: document.getElementById('greeting-container'),
    });
    map.addOverlay(overlay);
        
    // Finally we add the onclick listener to display the greeting when the star is clicked
    // The way this works is that the onclick listener is attached to the map,
    // and then it works out which Feature or Features have been hit
    map.on('click', function(e) {
        let markup = '';
        let position;
        map.forEachFeatureAtPixel(e.pixel, function(feature) {  // for each Feature hit
            markup = params.greeting;
            position = feature.getGeometry().getCoordinates();
        }, {hitTolerance: 5});  // tolerance of 5 pixels
        if (markup) {
            document.getElementById('greeting-container').innerHTML = markup;
            overlay.setPosition(position);
        } else {
            overlay.setPosition();  // this hides it, if we click elsewhere
        }
    });    
});

media/css/openstreetmap.css

.map {
        height: 400px;
        width: 100%;
}
/* from http://cssdeck.com/labs/bv45bh6p */
div.map-callout {
	min-height: 50px;
	width: 200px;
	float: left;
    left: -20px;
    top: 10px;
	background-color: #444;
	position: relative;
	color: #ccc;
	padding: 10px;
	border-radius: 3px;
	box-shadow: 0px 0px 20px #999;
	margin: 0px;
	border: 1px solid #333;
    border-radius: 5px;
	text-shadow: 0 0 1px #000;
}
.map-callout::before {
	content: "";
	width: 0px;
	height: 0px;
	border: 0.8em solid transparent;
	position: absolute;
}
.map-callout.map-callout-bottom::before {
	left: 5%;
	top: -20px;
	border-bottom: 10px solid #444;
}

Updated Language Strings

admin/language/en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.ini

; Joomla! Project
; Copyright (C) 2005 - 2018 Open Source Matters. All rights reserved.
; License GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt, see LICENSE.php
; Note : All ini files need to be saved as UTF-8

COM_HELLOWORLD_ADMINISTRATION="HelloWorld - Administration"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ADMINISTRATION_CATEGORIES="HelloWorld - Categories"
COM_HELLOWORLD_NUM="#"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_FILTER="Filters"
COM_HELLOWORLD_AUTHOR="Author"
COM_HELLOWORLD_CREATED_DATE="Created"
COM_HELLOWORLD_PUBLISHED="Published"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_NAME="Name"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_POSITION="Position"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_IMAGE="Image"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ID="Id"

COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_CREATING="HelloWorld - Creating"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_DETAILS="Details"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_EDITING="HelloWorld - Editing"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_ERROR_UNACCEPTABLE="Some values are unacceptable"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CATID_DESC="The category the messages belongs to"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CATID_LABEL="Category"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_GREETING_DESC="This message will be displayed"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_GREETING_LABEL="Message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_SHOW_CATEGORY_LABEL="Show category"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_SHOW_CATEGORY_DESC="If set to Show, the title of the message&rsquo;s category will show."
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_LATITUDE_LABEL="Latitude"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_LATITUDE_DESC="Enter the position latitude, between -90 and +90 degrees"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_LONGITUDE_LABEL="Longitude"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_LONGITUDE_DESC="Enter the position longitude, between -180 and +180 degrees"
COM_HELLOWORLD_IMAGE_FIELDS="Image details"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_IMAGE_LABEL="Select image"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_IMAGE_DESC="Select an image from the library, or upload a new one"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_ALT_LABEL="Alt text"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_ALT_DESC="Alternative text (if image cannot be displayed)"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CAPTION_LABEL="Caption"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CAPTION_DESC="Provide a caption for the image"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_HEADING_GREETING="Greeting"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_HEADING_ID="Id"
COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLD_EDIT="HelloWorld manager: Edit Message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLD_NEW="HelloWorld manager: New Message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLDS="HelloWorld manager"
COM_HELLOWORLD_EDIT_HELLOWORLD="Edit message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_N_ITEMS_DELETED_1="One message deleted"
COM_HELLOWORLD_N_ITEMS_DELETED_MORE="%d messages deleted"
COM_HELLOWORLD_N_ITEMS_PUBLISHED="%d message(s) published"
COM_HELLOWORLD_N_ITEMS_UNPUBLISHED="%d message(s) unpublished"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_LABEL="Greeting"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_DESC="Add Hello World Greeting"
COM_HELLOWORLD_SUBMENU_MESSAGES="Messages"
COM_HELLOWORLD_SUBMENU_CATEGORIES="Categories"
COM_HELLOWORLD_CONFIGURATION="HelloWorld Configuration"
COM_HELLOWORLD_CONFIG_GREETING_SETTINGS_LABEL="Messages settings"
COM_HELLOWORLD_CONFIG_GREETING_SETTINGS_DESC="Settings that will be applied to all messages by default"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CAPTCHA_LABEL="Captcha"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_CAPTCHA_DESC="Select Captcha to use on front end form"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_USER_TO_EMAIL_LABEL="User to email"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_USER_TO_EMAIL_DESC="Select user to email when a new message is entered on front end"
COM_HELLOWORLD_FIELDSET_RULES="Message Permissions"
COM_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_RULES_LABEL="Permissions"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ACCESS_DELETE_DESC="Is this group allowed to edit this message?"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ACCESS_DELETE_DESC="Is this group allowed to delete this message?"
COM_HELLOWORLD_TAB_NEW_MESSAGE="New Message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_TAB_EDIT_MESSAGE="Message Details"
COM_HELLOWORLD_TAB_PARAMS="Parameters"
COM_HELLOWORLD_TAB_PERMISSIONS="Permissions"
COM_HELLOWORLD_TAB_IMAGE="Image"
COM_HELLOWORLD_LEGEND_DETAILS="Message Details"
COM_HELLOWORLD_LEGEND_PARAMS="Message Parameters"
COM_HELLOWORLD_LEGEND_PERMISSIONS="Message Permissions"
COM_HELLOWORLD_LEGEND_IMAGE="Image info"
; Column ordering in the Helloworlds view
COM_HELLOWORLD_ORDERING_ASC="Greeting ascending"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ORDERING_DESC="Greeting descending"
COM_HELLOWORLD_AUTHOR_ASC="Author ascending"
COM_HELLOWORLD_AUTHOR_DESC="Author descending"
COM_HELLOWORLD_CREATED_ASC="Creation date ascending"
COM_HELLOWORLD_CREATED_DESC="Creation date descending"
COM_HELLOWORLD_PUBLISHED_ASC="Unpublished first"
COM_HELLOWORLD_PUBLISHED_DESC="Published first"

Packaging the Component

Contents of your code directory. Each file link below takes you to the step in the tutorial which has the latest version of that source code file.

helloworld.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<extension type="component" version="3.0" method="upgrade">

	<name>COM_HELLOWORLD</name>
	<!-- The following elements are optional and free of formatting constraints -->
	<creationDate>January 2018</creationDate>
	<author>John Doe</author>
	<authorEmail>john.doe@example.org</authorEmail>
	<authorUrl>http://www.example.org</authorUrl>
	<copyright>Copyright Info</copyright>
	<license>License Info</license>
	<!--  The version string is recorded in the components table -->
	<version>0.0.18</version>
	<!-- The description is optional and defaults to the name -->
	<description>COM_HELLOWORLD_DESCRIPTION</description>

	<!-- Runs on install/uninstall/update; New in 2.5 -->
	<scriptfile>script.php</scriptfile>

	<install> <!-- Runs on install -->
		<sql>
			<file driver="mysql" charset="utf8">sql/install.mysql.utf8.sql</file>
		</sql>
	</install>
	<uninstall> <!-- Runs on uninstall -->
		<sql>
			<file driver="mysql" charset="utf8">sql/uninstall.mysql.utf8.sql</file>
		</sql>
	</uninstall>
	<update> <!-- Runs on update; New since J2.5 -->
		<schemas>
			<schemapath type="mysql">sql/updates/mysql</schemapath>
		</schemas>
	</update>

	<!-- Site Main File Copy Section -->
	<!-- Note the folder attribute: This attribute describes the folder
		to copy FROM in the package to install therefore files copied
		in this section are copied from /site/ in the package -->
	<files folder="site">
		<filename>index.html</filename>
		<filename>helloworld.php</filename>
		<filename>controller.php</filename>
		<folder>controllers</folder>
		<folder>views</folder>
		<folder>models</folder>
	</files>

        <languages folder="site/language">
		<language tag="en-GB">en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.ini</language>
        </languages>

	<media destination="com_helloworld" folder="media">
		<filename>index.html</filename>
		<folder>images</folder>
		<folder>js</folder>
		<folder>css</folder>
	</media>

	<administration>
		<!-- Administration Menu Section -->
		<menu link='index.php?option=com_helloworld' img="../media/com_helloworld/images/tux-16x16.png">COM_HELLOWORLD_MENU</menu>
		<!-- Administration Main File Copy Section -->
		<!-- Note the folder attribute: This attribute describes the folder
			to copy FROM in the package to install therefore files copied
			in this section are copied from /admin/ in the package -->
		<files folder="admin">
			<!-- Admin Main File Copy Section -->
			<filename>index.html</filename>
			<filename>config.xml</filename>
			<filename>helloworld.php</filename>
			<filename>controller.php</filename>
			<filename>access.xml</filename>
			<!-- SQL files section -->
			<folder>sql</folder>
			<!-- tables files section -->
			<folder>tables</folder>
			<!-- models files section -->
			<folder>models</folder>
			<!-- views files section -->
			<folder>views</folder>
			<!-- controllers files section -->
			<folder>controllers</folder>
			<!-- helpers files section -->
			<folder>helpers</folder>
		</files>
		<languages folder="admin/language">
        		<language tag="en-GB">en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.ini</language>
                        <language tag="en-GB">en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.sys.ini</language>
		</languages>
	</administration>

</extension>

Using Google Maps

As an alternative we can use Google maps to draw the map.

To do this, you first need to get an API key (which is free for personal use) from here. Once you have a key, insert it into the updated addMap() code within site/views/helloworld/view.html.php as shown below.

<?php
	function addMap() 
	{
		$document = JFactory::getDocument();

		// everything's dependent upon JQuery
		JHtml::_('jquery.framework');

		$key = '... insert your API key here ...';
		$document->addScript("https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key={$key}&libraries=drawing&v=3&callback=initMap", 
			array(), array('async' => 'async', 'defer' => 'defer'));

		// ... and our own JS and CSS
		$document->addScript(JURI::root() . "media/com_helloworld/js/googlemap.js");
		$document->addStyleSheet(JURI::root() . "media/com_helloworld/css/openstreetmap.css");

		// get the data to pass to our JS code
		$params = $this->get("mapParams");
		$document->addScriptOptions('params', $params);
	}

and insert the following code into media/js/googlemap.js

function initMap() {
    
    const params = Joomla.getOptions('params');
    const mapCentre = { lat: Number(params.latitude), lng: Number(params.longitude) };
    
    // Define the types of maps which can be shown, eg road, satellite
    var mapTypeIds = [];
    for (var type in google.maps.MapTypeId) {
        mapTypeIds.push(google.maps.MapTypeId[type]);
    }
    
    // Now draw the map
    var map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map'), {
        center: mapCentre, 
        zoom: Number(params.zoom), 
        mapTypeId: google.maps.MapTypeId.ROADMAP,
        mapTypeControlOptions: { mapTypeIds: mapTypeIds }, streetViewControl: false, scrollwheel: true, gestureHandling: 'cooperative' 
    });
    
    // Add a marker at the position in the helloworld record
    var marker = new google.maps.Marker({ 
        position: mapCentre, 
        map: map, 
        title: 'Click here to see the helloworld greeting',
    });
    
    // Finally add an info window which displays the greeting when the map marker is clicked
    var infoWindow = new google.maps.InfoWindow({});
    marker.addListener('click', function() {
        infoWindow.setContent(params.greeting);
        infoWindow.open(map, marker);  
    });
}

You can also remove the div element relating to the pop-up container in the last line of the layout file site/views/helloworld/tmpl/default.php, as Google Maps uses a different mechanism to display the pop-up when you click on a map marker.


Contributors