J3.x

Développement d'un composant MVC - Ajout de décorations au backend

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< J3.x:Developing an MVC Component
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Joomla! 
3.x
Didacticiel
Développement d'un composant MVC


Ceci est une série qui regroupe plusieurs articles pour devenir un didacticiel sur la façon de développer un Composant pour Joomla! Joomla 3.x suivant le principe Modèle-Vue-Contrôleur.

Commencez avec l'introduction, et naviguez dans les articles de cette série soit à l'aide des boutons de navigation en bas des articles, soit grâce au menu de droite : Les articles de cette série.



Introduction

Ce didacticiel fait partie de la série de didacticiels sur le Développement d'un Composant MVC pour Joomla! 3.x. Vous êtes invité à lire les articles précédents de cette série avant de lire celui-ci. La fonctionnalité couverte à cette étape inclut le tri des colonnes, et vous trouverez un didacticiel décrivant cet aspect Ajout de colonnes que l'on peut trier dans une table d'un composant.

Vous pouvez regarder une vidéo associée à cette étape dans le didacticiel Step 10, Ajout de décorations du backend.

Ajout d'icônes

A l'aide de votre gestionnaire de fichiers préféré, ajoutez une image de 16x16 et une autre de 48x48 (je les ai nommées Tux) dans un dossier media/images/ et ajoutez une balise media au fichier d'installation. Modifiez la balise menu afin d'utiliser ce nouveau pictogramme.

Tux-16x16.png Tux-16x16.png

Tux-48x48.png Tux-48x48.png

Notez que le template d'administration par défaut (Isis) désactive les icônes de menu ! Une solution possible est d'utiliser icoMoon dans votre chaîne de langue :

admin/language/en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.sys.ini

; Joomla! Project
; Copyright (C) 2005 - 2018 Open Source Matters. All rights reserved.
; License GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt, see LICENSE.php
; Note : All ini files need to be saved as UTF-8

COM_HELLOWORLD="Hello World!"
COM_HELLOWORLD_DESCRIPTION="This is the Hello World description"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_VIEW_DEFAULT_TITLE="Hello World"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_VIEW_DEFAULT_DESC="This view displays a selected message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_MENU=" <i class="icon-smiley-2"></i>Hello World!"

La liste des icônes est disponible ici : Polices IconMoon standards

Modification des vues

Dans le fichier admin/views/helloworlds/view.html.php, ajoutez ces lignes :

admin/views/helloworlds/view.html.php

<?php
/**
 * @package     Joomla.Administrator
 * @subpackage  com_helloworld
 *
 * @copyright   Copyright (C) 2005 - 2018 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * @license     GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
 */

// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');

/**
 * HelloWorlds View
 *
 * @since  0.0.1
 */
class HelloWorldViewHelloWorlds extends JViewLegacy
{
	/**
	 * Display the Hello World view
	 *
	 * @param   string  $tpl  The name of the template file to parse; automatically searches through the template paths.
	 *
	 * @return  void
	 */
	function display($tpl = null)
	{
		
		// Get application
		$app = JFactory::getApplication();
		$context = "helloworld.list.admin.helloworld";
		// Get data from the model
		$this->items			= $this->get('Items');
		$this->pagination		= $this->get('Pagination');
		$this->state			= $this->get('State');
		$this->filter_order 	= $app->getUserStateFromRequest($context.'filter_order', 'filter_order', 'greeting', 'cmd');
		$this->filter_order_Dir = $app->getUserStateFromRequest($context.'filter_order_Dir', 'filter_order_Dir', 'asc', 'cmd');
		$this->filterForm    	= $this->get('FilterForm');
		$this->activeFilters 	= $this->get('ActiveFilters');

		// Check for errors.
		if (count($errors = $this->get('Errors')))
		{
			JError::raiseError(500, implode('<br />', $errors));

			return false;
		}

		// Set the toolbar and number of found items
		$this->addToolBar();

		// Display the template
		parent::display($tpl);

		// Set the document
		$this->setDocument();
	}

	/**
	 * Add the page title and toolbar.
	 *
	 * @return  void
	 *
	 * @since   1.6
	 */
	protected function addToolBar()
	{
		$title = JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLDS');

		if ($this->pagination->total)
		{
			$title .= "<span style='font-size: 0.5em; vertical-align: middle;'>(" . $this->pagination->total . ")</span>";
		}

		JToolBarHelper::title($title, 'helloworld');
		JToolBarHelper::deleteList('', 'helloworlds.delete');
		JToolBarHelper::editList('helloworld.edit');
		JToolBarHelper::addNew('helloworld.add');
	}
	/**
	 * Method to set up the document properties
	 *
	 * @return void
	 */
	protected function setDocument() 
	{
		$document = JFactory::getDocument();
		$document->setTitle(JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_ADMINISTRATION'));
	}
}

$this->filter_order et $this->filter_order_Dir stockent, respectivement, le tri actif de colonne et la direction de tri. Ces variables sont récupérées à partir des variables state de l'application.

Consultez Comment utilisez les variables user state pour plus d'informations sur l'utilisation des variables state.

Cette vue utilise un second paramètre pour la fonction JToolBarHelper::title. Il sera utilisé pour générer la classe CSS du titre. La méthode _setDocument permet de définir le titre dans le navigateur.

Dans le fichier admin/views/helloworlds/tmpl/default.php, ajoutez ces lignes :

admin/views/helloworlds/tmpl/default.php

<?php
/**
 * @package     Joomla.Administrator
 * @subpackage  com_helloworld
 *
 * @copyright   Copyright (C) 2005 - 2018 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * @license     GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
 */

// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted Access');

JHtml::_('formbehavior.chosen', 'select');

$listOrder     = $this->escape($this->filter_order);
$listDirn      = $this->escape($this->filter_order_Dir);
?>
<form action="index.php?option=com_helloworld&view=helloworlds" method="post" id="adminForm" name="adminForm">
	<div class="row-fluid">
		<div class="span6">
			<?php echo JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_FILTER'); ?>
			<?php
				echo JLayoutHelper::render(
					'joomla.searchtools.default',
					array('view' => $this)
				);
			?>
		</div>
	</div>
	<table class="table table-striped table-hover">
		<thead>
		<tr>
			<th width="1%"><?php echo JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_NUM'); ?></th>
			<th width="2%">
				<?php echo JHtml::_('grid.checkall'); ?>
			</th>
			<th width="90%">
				<?php echo JHtml::_('grid.sort', 'COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_NAME', 'greeting', $listDirn, $listOrder); ?>
			</th>
			<th width="5%">
				<?php echo JHtml::_('grid.sort', 'COM_HELLOWORLD_PUBLISHED', 'published', $listDirn, $listOrder); ?>
			</th>
			<th width="2%">
				<?php echo JHtml::_('grid.sort', 'COM_HELLOWORLD_ID', 'id', $listDirn, $listOrder); ?>
			</th>
		</tr>
		</thead>
		<tfoot>
			<tr>
				<td colspan="5">
					<?php echo $this->pagination->getListFooter(); ?>
				</td>
			</tr>
		</tfoot>
		<tbody>
			<?php if (!empty($this->items)) : ?>
				<?php foreach ($this->items as $i => $row) :
					$link = JRoute::_('index.php?option=com_helloworld&task=helloworld.edit&id=' . $row->id);
				?>
					<tr>
						<td><?php echo $this->pagination->getRowOffset($i); ?></td>
						<td>
							<?php echo JHtml::_('grid.id', $i, $row->id); ?>
						</td>
						<td>
							<a href="<?php echo $link; ?>" title="<?php echo JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_EDIT_HELLOWORLD'); ?>">
								<?php echo $row->greeting; ?>
							</a>
						</td>
						<td align="center">
							<?php echo JHtml::_('jgrid.published', $row->published, $i, 'helloworlds.', true, 'cb'); ?>
						</td>
						<td align="center">
							<?php echo $row->id; ?>
						</td>
					</tr>
				<?php endforeach; ?>
			<?php endif; ?>
		</tbody>
	</table>
	<input type="hidden" name="task" value=""/>
	<input type="hidden" name="boxchecked" value="0"/>
	<input type="hidden" name="filter_order" value="<?php echo $listOrder; ?>"/>
	<input type="hidden" name="filter_order_Dir" value="<?php echo $listDirn; ?>"/>
	<?php echo JHtml::_('form.token'); ?>
</form>

Dans le fichier admin/views/helloworld/view.html.php, ajoutez ces lignes :

admin/views/helloworld/view.html.php

<?php
/**
 * @package     Joomla.Administrator
 * @subpackage  com_helloworld
 *
 * @copyright   Copyright (C) 2005 - 2018 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * @license     GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
 */

// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');

/**
 * HelloWorld View
 *
 * @since  0.0.1
 */
class HelloWorldViewHelloWorld extends JViewLegacy
{
	/**
	 * View form
	 *
	 * @var         form
	 */
	protected $form = null;

	/**
	 * Display the Hello World view
	 *
	 * @param   string  $tpl  The name of the template file to parse; automatically searches through the template paths.
	 *
	 * @return  void
	 */
	public function display($tpl = null)
	{
		// Get the Data
		$this->form = $this->get('Form');
		$this->item = $this->get('Item');

		// Check for errors.
		if (count($errors = $this->get('Errors')))
		{
			JError::raiseError(500, implode('<br />', $errors));

			return false;
		}


		// Set the toolbar
		$this->addToolBar();

		// Display the template
		parent::display($tpl);

		// Set the document
		$this->setDocument();
	}

	/**
	 * Add the page title and toolbar.
	 *
	 * @return  void
	 *
	 * @since   1.6
	 */
	protected function addToolBar()
	{
		$input = JFactory::getApplication()->input;

		// Hide Joomla Administrator Main menu
		$input->set('hidemainmenu', true);

		$isNew = ($this->item->id == 0);

		if ($isNew)
		{
			$title = JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLD_NEW');
		}
		else
		{
			$title = JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLD_EDIT');
		}

		JToolBarHelper::title($title, 'helloworld');
		JToolBarHelper::save('helloworld.save');
		JToolBarHelper::cancel(
			'helloworld.cancel',
			$isNew ? 'JTOOLBAR_CANCEL' : 'JTOOLBAR_CLOSE'
		);
	}
	/**
	 * Method to set up the document properties
	 *
	 * @return void
	 */
	protected function setDocument() 
	{
		$isNew = ($this->item->id < 1);
		$document = JFactory::getDocument();
		$document->setTitle($isNew ? JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_CREATING') :
                JText::_('COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_EDITING'));
	}
}

Cette vue utilise également le second paramètre de la fonction JToolBarHelper::title et définit le titre dans le navigateur.

Ajouter les filtres

Dans le fichier admin/models/helloworlds.php, ajoutez ces lignes :

admin/models/helloworlds.php

<?php
/**
 * @package     Joomla.Administrator
 * @subpackage  com_helloworld
 *
 * @copyright   Copyright (C) 2005 - 2018 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * @license     GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
 */
// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');

/**
 * HelloWorldList Model
 *
 * @since  0.0.1
 */
class HelloWorldModelHelloWorlds extends JModelList
{
	/**
	 * Constructor.
	 *
	 * @param   array  $config  An optional associative array of configuration settings.
	 *
	 * @see     JController
	 * @since   1.6
	 */
	public function __construct($config = array())
	{
		if (empty($config['filter_fields']))
		{
			$config['filter_fields'] = array(
				'id',
				'greeting',
				'published'
			);
		}

		parent::__construct($config);
	}

	/**
	 * Method to build an SQL query to load the list data.
	 *
	 * @return      string  An SQL query
	 */
	protected function getListQuery()
	{
		// Initialize variables.
		$db    = JFactory::getDbo();
		$query = $db->getQuery(true);

		// Create the base select statement.
		$query->select('*')
			  ->from($db->quoteName('#__helloworld'));

		// Filter: like / search
		$search = $this->getState('filter.search');

		if (!empty($search))
		{
			$like = $db->quote('%' . $search . '%');
			$query->where('greeting LIKE ' . $like);
		}

		// Filter by published state
		$published = $this->getState('filter.published');

		if (is_numeric($published))
		{
			$query->where('published = ' . (int) $published);
		}
		elseif ($published === '')
		{
			$query->where('(published IN (0, 1))');
		}

		// Add the list ordering clause.
		$orderCol	= $this->state->get('list.ordering', 'greeting');
		$orderDirn 	= $this->state->get('list.direction', 'asc');

		$query->order($db->escape($orderCol) . ' ' . $db->escape($orderDirn));

		return $query;
	}
}

A l'aide de votre gestionnaire de fichiers et éditeur préférés, ajoutez un fichier admin/models/forms/filter_helloworlds.xml contenant :

admin/models/forms/filter_helloworlds.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<form>
	<fields name="filter">
		<field
			name="search"
			type="text"
			label="COM_BANNERS_SEARCH_IN_TITLE"
			hint="JSEARCH_FILTER"
			class="js-stools-search-string"
		/>
		<field
			name="published"
			type="status"
			label="JOPTION_SELECT_PUBLISHED"
			description="JOPTION_SELECT_PUBLISHED_DESC"
			onchange="this.form.submit();"
			>
			<option value="">JOPTION_SELECT_PUBLISHED</option>
		</field>
	</fields>
	<fields name="list">
		<field
			name="limit"
			type="limitbox"
			class="input-mini"
			default="25"
			label="COM_CONTENT_LIST_LIMIT"
			description="COM_HELLOWORLD_LIST_LIMIT_DESC"
			onchange="this.form.submit();"
		/>
	</fields>
</form>

Modification de l'entrée principale du fichier

Dans le fichier admin/helloworld.php, ajoutez ces lignes afin d'utiliser l'icône 48x48 :

<?php
/**
 * @package     Joomla.Administrator
 * @subpackage  com_helloworld
 *
 * @copyright   Copyright (C) 2005 - 2018 Open Source Matters, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * @license     GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
 */

// No direct access to this file
defined('_JEXEC') or die('Restricted access');

// Set some global property
$document = JFactory::getDocument();
$document->addStyleDeclaration('.icon-helloworld {background-image: url(../media/com_helloworld/images/Tux-16x16.png);}');

// Get an instance of the controller prefixed by HelloWorld
$controller = JControllerLegacy::getInstance('HelloWorld');

// Perform the Request task
$input = JFactory::getApplication()->input;
$controller->execute($input->getCmd('task'));

// Redirect if set by the controller
$controller->redirect();

Ajout de chaînes dans le fichier de langue

Modifiez le fichier admin/language/en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.ini en y ajoutant ces lignes :

admin/language/en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.ini

; Joomla! Project
; Copyright (C) 2005 - 2018 Open Source Matters. All rights reserved.
; License GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt, see LICENSE.php
; Note : All ini files need to be saved as UTF-8

COM_HELLOWORLD_ADMINISTRATION="HelloWorld - Administration"

COM_HELLOWORLD_NUM="#"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_FILTER="Filters"
COM_HELLOWORLD_PUBLISHED="Published"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLDS_NAME="Name"
COM_HELLOWORLD_ID="Id"

COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_CREATING="HelloWorld - Creating"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_DETAILS="Details"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_EDITING="HelloWorld - Editing"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_GREETING_DESC="This message will be displayed"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_FIELD_GREETING_LABEL="Message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_HEADING_GREETING="Greeting"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_HEADING_ID="Id"
COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLD_EDIT="HelloWorld manager: Edit Message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLD_NEW="HelloWorld manager: New Message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_MANAGER_HELLOWORLDS="HelloWorld manager"
COM_HELLOWORLD_EDIT_HELLOWORLD="Edit message"
COM_HELLOWORLD_N_ITEMS_DELETED_1="One message deleted"
COM_HELLOWORLD_N_ITEMS_DELETED_MORE="%d messages deleted"
COM_HELLOWORLD_N_ITEMS_PUBLISHED="%d message(s) published"
COM_HELLOWORLD_N_ITEMS_UNPUBLISHED="%d message(s) unpublished"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_LABEL="Greeting"
COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_GREETING_DESC="Add Hello World Greeting"

Empaqueter le composant

Contenu de votre répertoire de code. Chaque lien ci-dessous vous emmène vers l'étape du didacticiel qui contient la dernière version du code source de ce fichier.

Créez un fichier compressé de ce répertoire ou téléchargez directement l'archive et installez-le en utilisant le gestionnaire des extensions Joomla. Vous pouvez ajouter un élément de menu pour ce composant à l'aide du gestionnaire de menus dans le backend.

helloworld.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<extension type="component" version="3.0" method="upgrade">

	<name>COM_HELLOWORLD</name>
	<!-- The following elements are optional and free of formatting constraints -->
	<creationDate>January 2018</creationDate>
	<author>John Doe</author>
	<authorEmail>john.doe@example.org</authorEmail>
	<authorUrl>http://www.example.org</authorUrl>
	<copyright>Copyright Info</copyright>
	<license>License Info</license>
	<!--  The version string is recorded in the components table -->
	<version>0.0.10</version>
	<!-- The description is optional and defaults to the name -->
	<description>COM_HELLOWORLD_DESCRIPTION</description>

	<install> <!-- Runs on install -->
		<sql>
			<file driver="mysql" charset="utf8">sql/install.mysql.utf8.sql</file>
		</sql>
	</install>
	<uninstall> <!-- Runs on uninstall -->
		<sql>
			<file driver="mysql" charset="utf8">sql/uninstall.mysql.utf8.sql</file>
		</sql>
	</uninstall>
	<update> <!-- Runs on update; New since J2.5 -->
		<schemas>
			<schemapath type="mysql">sql/updates/mysql</schemapath>
		</schemas>
	</update>

	<!-- Site Main File Copy Section -->
	<!-- Note the folder attribute: This attribute describes the folder
		to copy FROM in the package to install therefore files copied
		in this section are copied from /site/ in the package -->
	<files folder="site">
		<filename>index.html</filename>
		<filename>helloworld.php</filename>
		<filename>controller.php</filename>
		<folder>views</folder>
		<folder>models</folder>
	</files>

        <languages folder="site/language">
		<language tag="en-GB">en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.ini</language>
        </languages>

	<media destination="com_helloworld" folder="media">
		<filename>index.html</filename>
		<folder>images</folder>
	</media>

	<administration>
		<!-- Administration Menu Section -->
		<menu link='index.php?option=com_helloworld' img="../media/com_helloworld/images/Tux-16x16.png">COM_HELLOWORLD_MENU</menu>
		<!-- Administration Main File Copy Section -->
		<!-- Note the folder attribute: This attribute describes the folder
			to copy FROM in the package to install therefore files copied
			in this section are copied from /admin/ in the package -->
		<files folder="admin">
			<!-- Admin Main File Copy Section -->
			<filename>index.html</filename>
			<filename>helloworld.php</filename>
			<filename>controller.php</filename>
			<!-- SQL files section -->
			<folder>sql</folder>
			<!-- tables files section -->
			<folder>tables</folder>
			<!-- models files section -->
			<folder>models</folder>
			<!-- views files section -->
			<folder>views</folder>
			<!-- controllers files section -->
			<folder>controllers</folder>
		</files>
		<languages folder="admin/language">
        		<language tag="en-GB">en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.ini</language>
                        <language tag="en-GB">en-GB/en-GB.com_helloworld.sys.ini</language>
		</languages>
	</administration>

</extension>

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