Prakonfigurasi htaccess

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This page is a translated version of the page Preconfigured htaccess and the translation is 100% complete.

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Webserver Apache menggunakan berkas htaccess di direktori utama situs untuk pengkonfigurasian tertentu pada situs. Berkas prakonfigurasi htaccess (htaccess.txt) dihantarkan bersama Joomla. Ia berisi petunjuk-petunjuk untuk menghindari eksploitasi yang biasa terjadi dan untuk menerapkan url SEF. Sebagai tambahannya, ia menyediakan beberapa pengaturan yang perlu diperiksa oleh server atau lingkungan pengembangan situs anda.

  • IndexIgnore *
  • Options +FollowSymLinks
  • Options -Indexes
  • RewriteBase /

Mengaktifkan htaccess.txt berarti menyatukan berkas .htaccess yang sudah ada dengan htaccess.txt dan menentukan pengaturan yang disebutkan di atas.

Catatan:

Berkas yang aktif ada di berkas httpd.conf dengan:

AccessFileName .htaccess

Standarnya ia adalah .htaccess (yang membuatnya tersembunyi pada sistem berkas seperti Unix). Tidak perlu mengubah apapun.

Pada platform Windows, anda mungkin harus menggantinya menjadi:

AccessFileName htaccess.ini

sehingga anda dapat mengeditnya dengan lebih mudah.

Jangan gunakan htaccess.txt di sini karena pada saat memperbarui Joomla, ia akan digantikan dan semua perubahan yang ada akan hilang.

Isi dari htaccess.txt:

##
# @package    Joomla
# @copyright  Copyright (C) 2005 - 2018 Open Source Matters. All rights reserved.
# @license    GNU General Public License version 2 or later; see LICENSE.txt
##

##
# READ THIS COMPLETELY IF YOU CHOOSE TO USE THIS FILE!
#
# The line 'Options +FollowSymLinks' may cause problems with some server configurations.
# It is required for the use of mod_rewrite, but it may have already been set by your 
# server administrator in a way that disallows changing it in this .htaccess file.
# If using it causes your site to produce an error, comment it out (add # to the 
# beginning of the line), reload your site in your browser and test your sef urls. If 
# they work, then it has been set by your server administrator and you do not need to 
# set it here.
##

## No directory listings
<IfModule autoindex>
  IndexIgnore *
</IfModule>

## Can be commented out if causes errors, see notes above.
Options +FollowSymlinks
Options -Indexes

## Mod_rewrite in use.

RewriteEngine On

## Begin - Rewrite rules to block out some common exploits.
# If you experience problems on your site then comment out the operations listed 
# below by adding a # to the beginning of the line.
# This attempts to block the most common type of exploit `attempts` on Joomla!
#
# Block any script trying to base64_encode data within the URL.
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} base64_encode[^(]*\([^)]*\) [OR]
# Block any script that includes a <script> tag in URL.
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} (<|%3C)([^s]*s)+cript.*(>|%3E) [NC,OR]
# Block any script trying to set a PHP GLOBALS variable via URL.
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} GLOBALS(=|\[|\%[0-9A-Z]{0,2}) [OR]
# Block any script trying to modify a _REQUEST variable via URL.
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} _REQUEST(=|\[|\%[0-9A-Z]{0,2})
# Return 403 Forbidden header and show the content of the root home page
RewriteRule .* index.php [F]
#
## End - Rewrite rules to block out some common exploits.

## Begin - Custom redirects
#
# If you need to redirect some pages, or set a canonical non-www to
# www redirect (or vice versa), place that code here. Ensure those
# redirects use the correct RewriteRule syntax and the [R=301,L] flags.
#
## End - Custom redirects

##
# Uncomment the following line if your webserver's URL
# is not directly related to physical file paths.
# Update Your Joomla! Directory (just / for root).
##

# RewriteBase /

## Begin - Joomla! core SEF Section.
#
RewriteRule .* - [E=HTTP_AUTHORIZATION:%{HTTP:Authorization}]
#
# If the requested path and file is not /index.php and the request
# has not already been internally rewritten to the index.php script
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/index\.php
# and the requested path and file doesn't directly match a physical file
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
# and the requested path and file doesn't directly match a physical folder
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
# internally rewrite the request to the index.php script
RewriteRule .* index.php [L]
#
## End - Joomla! core SEF Section.