What is the typical template directory structure?
From Joomla! Documentation
Typical Template Directory Structure
Joomla! CMS templates use a structure of directories and files but they can vary from template to template
- Site templates (templates that change what your website looks like) can be found in the /templates directory. For example, if your template is called mytemplate, it would be placed in the folder:
- Administrator templates (templates that change what the Administrator section of the site looks like) can be found in the /administrator/templates directory. For example, if your administrator template is called myadmintemplate, it would be placed in the folder:
A typical template for Joomla! will include the following directories:
- css - contains all the .css files
- html - contains template override files for core output and module chrome
- images - contains all images used by the template
- language - contains additional language files used by the template
Depending on the complexity and design of the template it may also contain:
Example structure with files
Typical path of a template is
<root>/public_html/domain-name/template/<name of your template> which will contain the following directories and files based on your template.
It is most common for a template to have at least the following files:
- Provides the logic for the display and positioning of modules and components.
- Provides the logic for the display of the printer friendly page, "E-mail this link to a friend." etc.
- Provides a method to handle errors such as 404, page not found error.
- favicon icon file
- Handles the presentational aspects of the template including specifications for margins, fonts, headings, image borders, list formatting, etc. The .css files may also be located in the /css directory.
- Holds meta-information related to the template and is used by the Installer and the Template Manager.
- template_preview.ext - replace .ext with the extension format of the image (.jpg, .png, .gif)
- Generally a 600x400 pixel image shown when the cursor is clicked on the thumbnail image in Template Manager:Templates, not Template Manager:Styles. This gives the Administrator a pop up modal window of the template before applying it to the Site.
- template_thumbnail.ext' - replace .ext with the extension format of the image (.jpg, .png, .gif)
- Generally a 200x150 pixel thumbnail image shown when viewing the Template list in Template Manager:Templates, not Template Manager:Styles. This gives the Administrator a thumbnail view of the template before applying it to the Site.