The Global Configuration screen allows you to configure the Joomla! site with your personal settings.
Version 1.0.x had 10 tabs:
In version 1.5, it was cut back to 3 tabs:
The following the what has changed from version 1.0.x to 1.5:
- System Error Message was removed from the Site tab.
- Show Unauthorised Links was moved from the Site tab to the Parameters options of the Article Manager
- Allow User Registration, Use New Account Activation, and Front-end User Params has been moved from the Site tab to the new System tab
- Front-end Login has been removed from the Site tab.
- Site Offline
- Tells Joomla! whether the site is to be online or to show an offline message. Only Administrators will be able to see the site when Site Offline is set to Yes. By default, this is set to No.
- Offline Message
- The message that will be display on the site when the site is offline.
- Site Name
- The name of the site.
- Default WYSIWYG Editor
- (WYSIWYG stands for What You See Is What You Get) The default editor to use when creating articles.
- List Length
- The length of lists in the Control Panel for all Users. By default, this is set to 20.
- Feed Length
- The number of content items to be shown in the feed(s). By default, this is set to 10.
- Global Site Meta Description
- This is the description of the site which is indexed by search engine spiders.
- Global Site Meta Keywords
- This is keywords that help describe the site and helps search engine spiders better index the site based off the keywords provided.
- Show Title Meta Tag
- Shows the Meta information of the articles which is used by search engine spiders when indexing the site. Each article could have their own Meta Data information which could be set under the Metadata Information pane when creating or editing an article. Refer to Article Manager - New/Edit for more information.
- Show Author Meta Tag
- Shows the Author Meta information of the articles which is used by search engine spiders when indexing the site. Refer to Article Manager - New/Edit for more information.
SEO stands for Search Engine Optimization.
- Search Engine Friendly URLs
- When set to Yes, URLs are rewritten to be more friendly on search engine spiders when indexing your page. How it works is that, instead of getting an URL of www.yourname.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=etc..., the URLs will be www.yourname.com/alias. Most of the items created in Joomla! has an Alias box that can be filled out which is used to create the search engine friendly URLs. By default, this setting is set to No.
- Use Apache mod_rewrite
- When set to Yes, Joomla! will use the mod_rewrite settings of Apache when creating search engine friendly URLs. Please note that is it required to use the included .htaccess file provided with Joomla! if planned on using this setting by renaming htaccess.txt to .htaccess. It is advised that you do not modify the .htaccess file without working knowledge of how it works and use. To learn more about .htaccess files, refer to Apache.org's Documentation. By default, this setting is set to No.
- Add suffix to URLs
- When set to Yes, Joomla! will add .html at the end of the URLs. By default, this setting is set to No.
- Secret Word
- This is generated when Joomla! is first installed and is not changeable. Used for security functions.
- Path to Log folder
- The path where the logs should be stored. Joomla! installer should automatically filled this in.
- Enable Web Services
- This enables the ability of Joomla! to make RPC (Remote Procedure Calls) using HTTP as the transport medium and XML as the encoding language. This function should remain on to ensure that many third party extensions works. By default, this setting is set to Yes.
- Help Server
- The server used to get help information when clicking the Help image when going through many of the screens and options of the administration panel. By default, it uses Joomla!'s main help site.
- Allow User Registration
- This determines whether users can register on the site. By default, this setting is set to Yes.
- New User Registration Type
- If Allow User Registration is set to Yes, this setting tells Joomla! what level of access should be given to new users who register. By default, this is set to Registered.
- New User Account Activation
- This setting determines whether a new user will have to activate their account before they can use it. If set to Yes, users will be sent an email containing a link to a web address. Following the link will activate the account. By default, this setting is set to Yes.
- Front-end User Parameters
- When set to Show, users will be able to select their language, article editor, and help site preferences from within their Details screen when logged in via the front-end. By default, this setting is set to Show.
- Legal Extensions (File Types)
- The file types allowed for uploading. By default, when Joomla! is installed, the basic image and document files are set.
- Maximum Size (in bytes)
- The maximum file size allowed for an upload in bytes. By default, the setting is set to 10000000.
- Path to File Folder
- The path where non-images media files are located (non-images refers to files such as videos and document files). This is automatically filled in by Joomla! on install and may be modified to fit how the directories is setup on the site.
- Path to Image Folder
- The path where images are stored. This is automatically filled in by Joomla! on install and may be modified to fit how the directories is setup on the site.
- Restrict Uploads
- This restricts the uploads to just images for lower than manager users. By default, this setting is set to Yes.
- Check MIME Types
- This uses MIME Magic or Fileinfo to attempt to verify files. By default, this setting is set to Yes. If getting invalid MIME type errors, set this to No.
- Legal Image Extensions (File Types)
- This sets what legal images allowed to be uploaded which it's checked for file image headers. By default, Joomla! only includes bmp,gif,jpg,png.
- Ignored Extensions
- This sets what extensions are ignored for MIME type checking and restricts uploads. By default, no extensions are added.
- Legal MIME Types
- This sets the list of legal MIME types for uploads. By default, Joomla! automatically includes the standard file types. It is recommended that you should not touch this setting unless you know what you are doing.
- Illegal MIME Types
- This sets the list of illegal MIME types for uploads. By default, Joomla! automatically blocks HTML MIME types. It is recommended that you should not touch this setting unless you know what you are doing.
- Debug System
- This will turn on the debugging system of Joomla!. When set to Yes, this will provide you with diagnostic information, language translations, and SQL errors, if any, which will be displayed at the bottom of the page below the footer on every page regardless of it being the front-end or back-end.
- Debug Language
- This will turn on the debugging indicators (*...*) or (?...?) for the Joomla! Language files. Debug Language will work without Debug System being on but it won't provide additional detailed references which would help in correcting any errors.
- This setting sets whether site caching is enabled or not. When enabled, it keeps a local copy of the content on the server for used to speed up accessing and less stress on the database. By default, this setting is set to No.
- Cache Time
- This setting sets the maximum length of time (in minutes) for a cache file to be stored before it gets refreshed. By default, this setting is set to 15.
- Cache Handler
- This setting sets how it should be cache. There's only one caching mechanism which is file-based.
- Session Lifetime
- This setting sets how long the session should last and keep a user signed in for before logging them off for being inactive. By default, the setting is set to 15 minutes.
- Session Handler
- This setting sets how the session should be handle once a user connects and logs into the site. By default, the setting is set to Database.
- Path to Temp-folder
- The path where files are temporary stored. This is filled in by default when Joomla! is installed.
- GZIP Page Compression
- This sets rather or not to compress the pages. This typically speeds up the site. By default, the setting is set to No.
- Error Reporting
- This sets the appropriate level of reporting. By default, the setting is set to System Default.
- Time Zone
- Sets the current date and time to display. This should be set where the server is located at. By default, the setting is set to (UTC 00:00) Western Europe Time, London, Lisbon, Casablanca.
FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol. Most of these settings was set during the initial setup of Joomla!
- Enable FTP
- This setting tells Joomla! to use it's built in FTP function instead of the normal upload progress of Joomla!
- FTP Host
- The URL of the host where the FTP functionally should connect to.
- FTP Port
- The port of where the FTP functionally should accessed. By default, the setting is set to 21.
- FTP Username
- The username that Joomla! should use when accessing the FTP server. It is recommended that another FTP user account should be created with only accessed to the folder where files will be uploaded to for security reasons.
- FTP Password
- The password that Joomla! should use when accessing the FTP server. It is recommended that another FTP user account should be created with only accessed to the folder where files will be uploaded to for security reasons.
- FTP Root
- The root directory of where the files should be uploaded to.
These settings are set during the initial setup of Joomla! It is advised that no settings should be changed in this section without working knowledge of how databases work.
- Database Type
- The type of databased being used. By default, the setting is set to mysql unless changed during the initial setup of Joomla!.
- The hostname of where the database is located. This is typically set to localhost for most servers but still possible to be located on a different server all together.
- The username to use to access the database.
- The name of the database to use.
- Database Prefix
- The prefix to used before the actual table's name when working with the database. By default, the setting is set to jos_ unless changed during initial setup of Joomla!.
This settings was set during the initial setup of Joomla!. These settings can be change whenever needed.
- This setting sets which mailer to use when delivery emails from the site. By default, the setting is set to PHP Mail Function but could of been changed during initial setup of Joomla!.
- PHP Mail Function
- This tells Joomla! to use the mail function that's built into PHP.
- This tells Joomla! to use the sendmail function typically used when creating HTML email forms.
- SMTP Server
- This uses the site's SMTP server.
- Mail from
- The email address of which the Joomla! will use to send site email from.
- From Name
- The name Joomla! will use when sending site emails. By default, Joomla! uses the site name during the initial setup.
- Sendmail Path
- The path where the Sandmail program is located. This is typically filled in by Joomla! during initial setup. This is only used if Mailer is set to Sendmail.
- SMTP Authentication
- If the STMP server requires authentication to send mail, set this to Yes, otherwise leave it at No. This is only used if Mailer is set to Sendmail.
- SMTP Username
- The username to use for access to the SMTP host. This is only used if Mailer is set to Sendmail.
- SMTP Password
- The password to use for access to the SMTP host. This is only used if Mailer is set to Sendmail.
- SMTP Host
- The SMTP address to use when sending mail. This is only used if Mailer is set to Sendmail.
Global Configuration is to set all the required settings you need in order for the site to function. To access the page, either click on Global Configuration in the main Control Panel or go to Site > Global Configuration.
Most, if not all, of these settings you'll just set once and leave it alone.
If you're going to make major modification, consider putting the site offline so you can test the functions and make sure everything is in working order.
Points to Watch
None Known at this Time