Help4.x

Configuración global

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Descripción

The Global Configuration screen allows you to configure the Joomla site with your personal settings. Settings made in this screen apply to the whole site.

Cómo Acceder

  • Sistema  Configuración  Configuración global

Captura de pantalla

Help-4x-global-configuration-screen-es.png

Campos del formulario

Sitio

Sitio

  • Site Name. Enter the name of the website. This will be used in various locations (for example the Backend browser title bar and Site Offline pages).
  • Site Offline. Select whether access to the Frontend is available. Learn more.
    • Mensaje fuera de línea.
      • Usar mensaje personalizado: The message uses the value defined in the 'Custom Message' field.
      • Usar el mensaje predeterminado del idioma: The message uses the value defined in the site language ini file.
    • Offline Image. Select an image to be displayed on the offline page. Make sure the image is less than 400px wide.
  • Frontend Editing. Select editing for modules and menu items.
  • Default Editor. Select the default text editor. Registered Users will be able to change their preference in their personal details.
  • Default Captcha. Select the default captcha for your site. You may need to enter required information in the captcha plugin.
  • Default Access Level. Select the default access level for new items.
  • Default List Limit. Sets the default length of lists in the Backend for all users.
  • Default Feed Limit. Select the number of content items to show in the feeds.
  • Feed Email Address. The RSS and Atom newsfeeds include the author's email address.
    • Correo del autor: Use each author's email from Users in the news feed.
    • Correo del sitio: Include the site From Email address for each article.

Metadatos

  • Site Meta Description. Enter a description of the overall website that is to be used by search engines.
  • Robots. Robots instructions.
    • index, follow: Index this page and follow the links on this page.
    • noindex, follow: Do not index this page, but still follow the links on the page. For example, you might do this for a site map page where you want the links to be indexed but you don't want this page to show in search engines.
    • index, nofollow: Index this page, but do not follow any links on the page. For example, you might want to do this for an events calendar, where you want the page to show in search engines but you do not want to index each event.
    • noindex, nofollow: Do not index this page or follow any links on the page.
  • Derechos del contenido. Describe what rights others have to use this content. This is conveyed to search engines using the 'rights' meta tag in the HTML head.
  • Author Meta Tag. Show the author meta tag when viewing articles.
  • Versión de Joomla. Muestra la versión de Joomla en el generador de metaetiquetas.

Configuración SEO

  • Search Engine Friendly URLs. Select if the URLs are optimised for Search Engines.
  • Usar la reescritura de URLs.
    • Apache y Litespeed: Renombre 'htaccess.txt' como '.htaccess' Learn more.
    • IIS: Renombre 'web.config.txt' como 'web.config'
    • NginX: debe configurar su servidor
    • Otros servidores o si no está seguro: por favor, consulte a su empresa de alojamiento.
  • Add Suffix to URL. If yes, the system will add a suffix to the URL based on the document type.
  • Unicode Aliases. Choose between transliteration and unicode aliases. Transliteration is the default.
  • Site Name in Page Titles. Begin or end all Page Titles with the site name (for example, "My Site Name - My Article Name").

'Cookies'

  • Cookie Domain. Domain to use when setting session cookies. Precede domain with '.' if cookie should be valid for all subdomains.
  • Cookie Path. Path the cookie should be valid for.

Sistema

Depurador

  • Debug System. If enabled, diagnostic information, language translation, and SQL errors (if present) will be displayed. The information will be displayed at the foot of every page you view within the Joomla Backend and Frontend. It is not advisable to leave the debug mode activated when running a live website.
  • Debug Language. Select if the debugging indicators **...** or ??...?? for the Joomla Language files will be displayed. Debug Language will work without Debug System being activated, but you will not get the additional detailed references that will help you correct any errors.
    • Por constante o valor. Seleccione si se debe mostrar la constante (o clave) del idioma o el valor (el texto a mostrar en pantalla asignado a esa constante) al depurar las cadenas del idioma.

Caché

  • System Cache. Enable caching and set caching level. Learn more.
    • Conservative level: smaller system cache.
    • Progressive level: faster, bigger system cache, includes module renderers cache. Not appropriate for extremely large sites.
    • Gestor de la caché.
      • File: Native caching mechanism is file-based. Please make sure the cache folders are writable.
    • Platform Specific Caching. Enable when HTML output on mobile differs from other devices.
    • Cache Time (minutes). The maximum length of time in minutes for a cache file to be stored before it is refreshed.
    • Path to Cache Folder. Specify a writable folder to store cache files if you do not wish to use the default folder.

Sesiones

  • Session Handler. The mechanism by which Joomla identifies a User once they are connected to the website using non-persistent cookies.
    • Database: The database session handler is the default handler because it is the only one that Joomla can fully configure and control on its own.
    • Filesystem: The filesystem handler will be slightly more performant than the database handler, but it requires PHP to be configured properly otherwise it will crash and Joomla will be totally unusable.
      • Ruta de guardado de la sesión. Enter a full filesystem path. Ensure the path has appropriate permissions for PHP to read and write files, and if 'session garbage collection' is enabled to delete files from it.
        If this path is not set, Joomla will rely on the PHP session.save_path INI configuration or fallback to the system temporary directory (as defined by the sys_get_temp_dir() PHP function).
        If neither of those paths are configured or the permissions are wrong then it's game over. To recover, edit the configuration.php file and set $session_handler = 'database'.
    • Other handlers (APCu, Memcached, Redis, and WinCache) all rely on optional PHP extensions and may be available if your system supports them. APCu or WinCache may be no better than the "plain" filesystem option. The Memcached and Redis handlers are overkill for Joomla in a typical shared hosting environment. Those types of handlers succeed if you are deploying Joomla in a load balanced environment where multiple servers are involved and you need the session data for the application to be available across all servers.
  • Session Lifetime (minutes). Auto log out a User after they have been inactive for the entered number of minutes. Do not set too high.
  • Shared Sessions. When enabled, a user's session is shared between the Frontend and Backend sections of the site. Note that changing this value will invalidate all existing sessions on the site.
    This is not available when the Force HTTPS option is set to 'Administrator Only'.
  • Seguimiento de metadatos de la sesión.
    • Yes: Additional metadata about a user's session (including their username, user ID, and which application they are logged into) will be logged to the session database table.
    • No: Features dependent on this data will be unavailable.

Servidor

Servidor

  • Path to Temp Folder. Please specify a writable folder to store temporary files.
  • Compresión 'Gzip' de páginas.
    • Yes: Automatically compress the generated HTML pages with Gzip, making them smaller and increasing your site's speed score.
    • No: If your server is already doing that for you or if it conflicts with third party extensions.
  • Error Reporting. This parameter sets the level of error reporting to be used by PHP on the Joomla site.
    • Predeterminado del sistema: Leaves the level of error reporting to that set up in the server.
    • Ninguna: Switches off error reporting.
    • Básico: Override the server setting to give a basic level of reporting.
    • Máximo: Override the server setting to reporting of all errors.
      Should your Joomla site fail to the extent that it is not possible to use the administrator page to activate error reporting, you can switch on full error reporting by editing the 'configuration.php' file. Changing the '$error_reporting' parameter in that file to a value of 'maximum' is the equivalent to setting Error Reporting to 'Maximum'.
  • Force HTTPS. Force site access in the selected areas to occur only with HTTPS (encrypted HTTP connections with the https:// protocol prefix) and also force the use of secure cookies. Note, you must have HTTPS enabled on your server to utilise this option.

Localización

  • Website Time Zone. Choose a city in the list to configure the date and time for display.

Servicios web

  • Habilitar CORS. El uso compartido de recursos de origen cruzado (CORS) permite que los 'scripts' que se ejecutan en un navegador interactúen con recursos de un origen diferente.
    • Access-Control-Allow-Origin. Especifica el origen al que se le permite acceder a los servicios web en este sitio, que se envía en respuesta a una solicitud de verificación previa. Predeterminado: * (el asterisco significa todos).
    • Access-Control-Allow-Headers. Especifica los encabezados que se envían en respuesta a una solicitud de verificación previa. Predeterminado: Content-Type,X-Joomla-Token.
    • Access-Control-Allow-Methods. Especifica el método o métodos de los 'Servicios web' a los que se permite acceder en este sitio, devuelto en respuesta a una solicitud de verificación previa. Predeterminadamente: todos los métodos disponibles para la ruta solicitada.

Proxy

  • Detrás de un balanceador de carga. Si su sitio está detrás de un balanceador de carga o proxy inverso, habilite esta configuración para que las direcciones IP y otras configuraciones dentro de Joomla lo tengan en cuenta automáticamente.
  • Habilitar proxy saliente. Habilite a Joomla para que pueda usar un proxy cuando sea necesario en algunos entornos del servidor, para que pueda acceder a URLs como las que se usan desde el componente de actualizaciones para Joomla.
    • Hospedaje del proxy saliente. Introduzca el nombre de hospedaje de su servidor proxy.
    • Puerto del proxy saliente.
    • Usuario del proxy saliente. El nombre de usuario para acceder al proxy.
    • Contraseña del proxy saliente.

Base de datos

  • Tipo. El tipo de base de datos en uso, seleccionado durante el proceso de instalación.
    No edite este campo a no ser que tenga que migrar a otro tipo de base de datos, tal vez, debido a un cambio de proveedor de hospedaje.
  • Host. The hostname for your database entered during the installation process.
    No edite este campo a no ser que tenga que migrar a otro tipo de base de datos, tal vez, debido a un cambio de proveedor de hospedaje.
  • Database Username. The username for access to your database entered during the installation process.
    No edite este campo a no ser que tenga que migrar a otro tipo de base de datos, tal vez, debido a un cambio de proveedor de hospedaje.
  • Database Password. The password to be used to access the database.
    No edite este campo a no ser que tenga que migrar a otro tipo de base de datos, tal vez, debido a un cambio de proveedor de hospedaje.
  • Database Name. The name for your database entered during the installation process.
    No edite este campo a no ser que tenga que migrar a otro tipo de base de datos, tal vez, debido a un cambio de proveedor de hospedaje.
  • Database Tables Prefix. The prefix used for your database tables, created during the installation process.
    No edite este campo a no ser que tenga que migrar a otro tipo de base de datos, tal vez, debido a un cambio de proveedor de hospedaje.
  • Cifrado de la conexión.
    • Predeterminado (controlado por el servidor)
    • Autenticación unidireccional
      • Verificar el certificado del servidor.
        • Path to CA File. File system path.
    • Autenticación bidireccional
      • Path to Private Key File. File system location.
      • Path to Certificate File. File system location.
      • Verificar el certificado del servidor.
        • Path to CA File. File system path.
      • Supported Cipher Suite (optional). No entry required (only recommended for experienced users) – for more details, see the documentation of your database.

Correo electrónico

  • Enviar correo.
    • Yes: Turn on mail sending.
    • No: Turn off mail sending. It is recommended to put the site offline when disabling the mail function.
  • Deshabilitar el correo masivo.
    • Yes: Disable the Mass Mail Users function.
    • No: Make the Mass Mail Users function active.
  • From Email. The email address that will be used to send site email.
  • From Name. Text displayed in the header "From:" field when sending a site email. Usually the site name.
  • Reply To Email. The email address that will be used to receive end user(s) reply.
  • Reply To Name. Text displayed in the header "To:" field when end user(s) replying to received email.
  • Mailer. Select which mailer for the delivery of site email.

Registro

Registro

  • Ruta hacia la carpeta de registro. Por favor, especifique una carpeta para almacenar los registros de Joomla.
  • Registrar casi todo. Lo registra todo, excepto las API obsoletas.
  • Log Deprecated API. Logs deprecated APIs.

Registro personalizado

  • Log Priorities. Can be used to manage custom logging. Select the events you want to see in the log file. Default is 'All'. The item(s) can be selected/deselected by clicking the dropdown list.
  • Registrar categorías. Una lista separada por comas del registro de las categorías a incluir o excluir. Las categorías más comunes incluyen, pero no se limitan a: 'database', 'databasequery', 'database-error', 'deprecated' y 'jerror'. Si está vacía, el registro personalizado está deshabilitado.
  • Log Category Mode. Sets the mode for the list of log categories above.

Filtros de texto

Esta configuración de filtros de texto se aplicará en todos los campos del editor de texto en los grupos seleccionados.

Esas opciones de filtrado proporcionan más control sobre el contenido que envíen sus usuarios. Puede ser tan estricto o liberal como haga falta para cumplir con los requisitos de su sitio. El filtrado predeterminado suele ofrecer una buena protección contra aquellas etiquetas que comúnmente se asocian con ataques a los sitios web.

Permisos

Manage the permission settings for user groups.

  • Site Login. Site Login for users in the selected group.
  • Administrator Login. Administrator Login for users in the selected group.
  • Web Services Login. Web Services Login for users in the selected group.
  • Offline Access. Allows users in the selected group to access to the Frontend site when site is offline.
  • Super User. Allows users in the selected selected group to perform any action over the whole site regardless of any other permission settings.
  • Configure Options Only. Allows users in the group to edit the options except the permissions of any extension.
  • Access Administration Interface. Allows users in the selected group to access all of the administration interface except Global Configuration.
  • Create. Allows users in the selected group to create any content in any extension.
  • Delete. Allows users in the selected group to delete any content in any extension.
  • Edit. Allows users in the selected group to edit any content in any extension.
  • Edit State. Allows users in the selected group to edit the state of any content in any extension.
  • Edit Own. Allows users in the selected group to edit any content they own in any extension.
  • Edit Custom Field Value. Allows users in the selected group to edit any value of custom fields submitted in any extension.

Si cambia la configuración, las modificaciones se aplicarán en este grupo y en todos sus subgrupos, componentes y contenido.

  • Note que: Denegado sobrescribirá cualquier configuración heredada, así como la configuración asignada desde cualquier subgrupo, componente, o contenido. En caso de que se produzcan conflictos con la configuración, Denegar tomará preferencia.
  • Sin asignar es equivalente a Denegado pero con la diferencia que permite realizar cambios en el estado de los permisos dentro de los subgrupos, componentes y contenido.

Barra de herramientas

At the top of the page you will see the toolbar shown in the Screenshot above.

  • Save. Saves the global configuration options and stays in the current screen.
  • Save & Close. Saves the global configuration options and closes the current screen.
  • Close. Closes the current screen and returns to the previous screen without saving any modifications you may have made.
  • Toggle Inline Help. Show help text below some options.
  • Help. Opens this help screen.

Consejos Rápidos

  • Most of these settings can be set once and then left alone.
  • If major modifications need to be made, then consider taking the site offline to test it and to make sure everything is in working order.
  • The settings are saved in '[Joomla]/configuration.php'. You have to either activate the FTP-layer or make the 'configuration.php' file writable to save your changes.

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