Developing a MVC Component/Introduction

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< J2.5:Developing a MVC Component
Revision as of 16:02, 3 January 2014 by Johan.e.hogdahl (Talk | contribs)

This is a multi-part tutorial on how to develop a Model-View-Contoller Component for Joomla! 2.5. You can find the other parts of this tutorial on each page in the right sidebar under "Articles in this Series".

Read the Introduction or Skip to the first part of this tutorial.


You need Joomla! 2.5 (with PHP, MySQL, Apache and Microsoft II) or greater for this tutorial.

It will help you much if you are running an local instance of Joomla on your computer. Then backup librarys map tree and put in your own debug code there. Very much tracing can be done in controller and view code. You can put a lot of 'error_log(...)' and you can also combine it with 'print_r(debug_backtrace(),true)' to get a better understanding of what really happens behind the surface. You will be able to follow your programs steps in apache's error log.


Joomla! 2.5 is constructed using three different applications:

  • installation (used for installing Joomla)
  • administrator (used for managing content)
  • public (used for displaying content)

The installation application is used once. The administrator and public are used through the concept of components. Each component has two entry points:

  • one is located in the components directory (it is used for displaying content)
  • one is located in the administrator/components directory (it is used for managing content)

Both are called com_componentname/componentname.php (the com_ prefix is a historical trace)