Actions

J3.x

Developing a MVC Component/Adding a menu type to the site part

From Joomla! Documentation

J3.x:Developing a MVC Component
Revision as of 06:11, 7 March 2014 by Josh sos (Talk | contribs)

Joomla! 
3.x
<translate> Tutorial</translate>
<translate> Developing a MVC Component</translate>

{{Chunk:Developing a Model-View-Controller (MVC) Component for Joomla!3.1 - Contents/<translate> en</translate>}} <translate> This is a multiple-article series of tutorials on how to develop a Model-View-Controller Component for Joomla! VersionJoomla 3.x.</translate>

<translate> Begin with the Introduction, and navigate the articles in this series by using the navigation button at the bottom or the box to the right (the Articles in this series).</translate>



Introduction

This tutorial is part of the Developing a MVC Component for Joomla!3.2 tutorial. You are encouraged to read the previous parts of the tutorial before reading this.

Abstract

Generally speaking, this article describes how to get a link on your joomla page to open a specific page of your component. This gets simply done by adding an xml file to your specific page into your view folder.

E.g.

site/views/helloworld/tmpl/

Contains your view page default.php that we want to open.

A file default.xml is placed next to this file with some xml. This makes joomla able to recognize the view file default.php as a menu item.


Adding a menu item type

In the Joomla framework, components are executed using menu items. If you go in the menu manager of your Joomla installation a HelloWorld menu item type does not yet exist. Adding this functionality is easy in Joomla. Simply put a site/views/helloworld/tmpl/default.xml file containing:

site/views/helloworld/tmpl/default.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<metadata>
	<layout title="COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_VIEW_DEFAULT_TITLE">
		<message>
			<![CDATA[COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_VIEW_DEFAULT_DESC]]>
		</message>
	</layout>
</metadata>

For the moment the strings won't be translated in the administrator interface. We will see in a later article how translation is performed.

Also modify your helloworld.xml file to indicate a new version:

helloworld.xml

<extension type="component" version="3.2.0" method="upgrade">
 
	<name>Hello World!</name>
	<!-- The following elements are optional and free of formatting constraints -->
	<creationDate>January 2014</creationDate>
	<author>John Doe</author>
	<authorEmail>john.doe@example.org</authorEmail>
	<authorUrl>http://www.example.org</authorUrl>
	<copyright>Copyright Info</copyright>
	<license>License Info</license>
	<!--  The version string is recorded in the components table -->
	<version>0.0.3</version>
	<!-- The description is optional and defaults to the name -->
	<description>Description of the Hello World component ...</description>
 
	<update> <!-- Runs on update; New in 2.5 -->
		<schemas>
			<schemapath type="mysql">sql/updates/mysql</schemapath>
		</schemas>
	</update>
 
	<!-- Site Main File Copy Section -->
	<!-- Note the folder attribute: This attribute describes the folder
		to copy FROM in the package to install therefore files copied
		in this section are copied from /site/ in the package -->
	<files folder="site">
		<filename>index.html</filename>
		<filename>helloworld.php</filename>
		<filename>controller.php</filename>
		<folder>views</folder>
	</files>
 
	<administration>
		<!-- Administration Menu Section -->
		<menu>Hello World!</menu>
		<!-- Administration Main File Copy Section -->
		<!-- Note the folder attribute: This attribute describes the folder
			to copy FROM in the package to install therefore files copied
			in this section are copied from /admin/ in the package -->
		<files folder="admin">
			<!-- Admin Main File Copy Section -->
			<filename>index.html</filename>
			<filename>helloworld.php</filename>
			<!-- SQL files section -->
			<folder>sql</folder>
		</files>
	</administration>
 
</extension>

Packaging the component

Content of your code directory

Selecting the Menu Item Type
Create a compressed file of this directory or directly download the archive and install it using the extension manager of Joomla. You can add a menu item of this component using the menu manager in the backend. To do so select "Add New Menu Item" from the one of the menus in the "Menus" menu; then you can select COM_HELLOWORLD_HELLOWORLD_VIEW_DEFAULT_TITLE for Menu Item Type. Once selected you can see the Link information is populated with the URL for the view.


Info non-talk.png
General Information

Please create a pull request or issue at https://github.com/joomla/Joomla-3.2-Hello-World-Component for any code descprepancies or if editing any of the source code on this page.


Tutorial Navigation


Contributors