From Joomla! Documentation
Revision as of 16:35, 24 September 2011 by Mvangeest
- 1 Absolute Beginners Guide to Joomla!
- 2 Selected Advanced Beginner and Intermediate Topics
- 2.1 Learn to Backup and Restore
- 2.2 How to Recover Your System Administration Password
- 2.3 Exploring the possibilities with Joomla! v 1.5 Core
- 2.4 Creating a Local Installation
- 2.5 Using Mootools
- 2.6 Learn the Basics of Joomla! Templating
- 2.7 Address Search Engine Optimization
- 2.8 Converting an Existing Website to Joomla!
- 3 Thanks to our GHOP Contestants!
<translate> As someone who has not used Joomla! before, you need to know how to get started. Maybe you have a friend or a neighbour who uses Joomla! and you want a Joomla! web site of your very own. Maybe you have a small business or a club or a community that needs a web presence, and you want to use Joomla! for that purpose. Maybe you are a seasoned Information Technology professional, but you have never used Joomla! before. If so, you are just starting a very enjoyable journey and we warmly welcome you to Joomla! </translate>
Absolute Beginners Guide to Joomla!
Welcome to Joomla!, a leading open source Content Management System (CMS) platform. Joomla! is a well-tested, extensible and effective tool supported by a very active and friendly community of developers and users.
Do you want to get started with Joomla!, but you have no idea where to begin? If so, you have come to the right place.
- This Absolute Beginner's Guide to Joomla! is just for you. It succinctly references articles on this Wiki that should get you up and running with Joomla! quickly. It does include some general terms and techniques you might not be familiar with, but there is good reference material for those on the Internet.
- Getting Started with Joomla! is a tutorial series with hands-on instructions to introduce Joomla! to people who have not previously used it. It explains all techniques step by step using screenshots. These documents are useful if you like detailed and exact explanations, but they are necessarily longer than this reference.
- Please use either or both of these documents to get started!
Although you could spend a lifetime learning Joomla!, if you master the basics you will be able to make a very attractive and useful basic website in very little time and with no special technical skills.
What is Joomla!?
Joomla! is software that lets you make and update web pages easily.
You can think of a Joomla! website as bringing together three elements.
- Your content, which is mainly stored in a database.
- Your template, which controls the design and presentation of your content (such as fonts, colors and layout).
- Joomla! which is the software that bring the content and the template together to produce webpages.
Understand How Joomla! Works
You might want to learn how Joomla! is built and how its features work together.
In short, Joomla! is composed of a Platform and extensions. There are several types of extensions, each capable of performing specific tasks. Some extensions are developed as part of the Joomla! project and come with your installation. If you want to add features to your site, you can install more extensions.
You can compare this to a computer operating system, like Microsoft Windows or Linux. You don't directly use the operating system (Joomla!); you use applications (extensions) to carry out tasks. Some applications (extensions) are immediately available on your system, but can install and remove additional applications (extensions) at any time.
There are several ways to install Joomla!.
If you want to test Joomla! and you haven't purchased a domain yet, you can install Joomla! on your own computer (without your site appearing on the Internet), you can install it using the XAMPP package. You can also create a working website at demo.joomla.org, which is easy and well-supported.
If you want your site to be available on the Internet, make sure that you have an account on a web server. For most people this means signing up with a hosting company and purchasing a domain that will serve as your site's main address.
- Option One: One Click Installs. Many hosting companies offer "instant" installation of Joomla!. Follow the instructions your host provides for a one click install.
- Option Two: Conventional Installs. This method requires that you copy the Joomla! zip file to your hosting account, unzip, create a database, and then run the installation. Complete instructions can be found in Installation. This video takes you through the steps.
- Option Three: Demo Site. If you used the Demo Site, you can follow the instructions provided to back up and move the site to your existing host or establish a hosting account at the end of the free 30 day trial. (Note that the Joomla! Project receives a royalty if you choose paid hosting from that site.)
For support with installation, you can ask questions in the installation forum.
Learn to Use Joomla!
Now that you have a working Joomla! site, you will want to start filling it with your own content and making it look just the way you want. Before doing that, it is a good idea to learn more about how to work with Joomla!. There are a number of very useful resources to help you with this.
One way is to learn by working with the sample data.
For support as you are learning, ask questions in the New to Joomla1/General Joomla! v 1.5 forum.
The Joomla! Demo site is a good place to try out many of these features if you have not yet done an installation.
The Glossary will help you as learn more.
Start Creating Your Site
Now you're ready to start making your own articles, weblinks, contacts, banners, and newsfeeds. Before you jump into doing this you may want to review Planning Your Web site. Or if you want to convert your current website to Joomla!, read Converting an existing website to a Joomla! website.
Before you do anything else, you should decide if you want to enable Search Engine Friendly URLs (described here). Enabling or disabling them later will destroy the rankings your pages will have acquired with search engines.
One of the first tasks you may want to do is to modify one of the templates that comes with Joomla! so that it displays your site name and logo.
- How to replace the logo image in the Milkyway template Scribd by deckers.olivier
- How to modify the default Template Scribd (Note: the document is an old version and some practices and advice may not be current.) by Chad Windnagle (drmmr763).
Finally, you may want to install one or more of the thousands of extensions to Joomla!. Most Joomla! extensions are listed in the official Joomla! Extensions Directory (JED). Once you've found an extension to install, Installing an extension will tell you how to install it.
Please remember that all extensions are developed by independent developers. If you need help with a specific extension the best source will be that developer.
For help visit:
- New to Joomla!/General Joomla! v 1.5 Questions
- Joomla! v 1.5 Template Questions
- Joomla! v 1.5 Extension Questions
- Joomla! Extension Directory Questions
Keep Your Site Secure
Security is always a big concern on the web. Make sure you are using best security practices. The basic techniques on the Security Check List will get your site off to a good start in terms of security.
The Joomla! forums are the among the busiest (and most friendly) support forums in the world, and they are a great place to get help and meet other Joomla! users.
- Please make certain you search, first, before posting a question. Nine times out of ten someone else had the same issue that you had. As it turns out, we all travel a similar path.
- Also, check the FAQs--Frequently Asked Question.
- Make sure you are posting in the right forum for your topic.
- Be clear and specific in your request for help. Entries like “Help! It doesn’t work!” tend to get ignored. Try to explain everything that led up to your problem. Try to explain what your problem is. Be clear about what you want to happen. And, thank those who bother to help!
- Use the Forum Post Assistant to help you provide more information and better explain your problem.
- If your question/problem was solved, mark your thread as solved by editing the first post you made in that thread and changing the topic icon to the green check mark with a circle. You can also add [Solved] to your topic title. By doing this you allow other members who are doing searches to easily differentiate between solved and unsolved issues. This also saves the volunteers' time of having to open up solved topics.
- As soon as you know things, start answering questions. Answering questions is one of the best ways to learn.
- If someone helps you, say thank you and pay it forward by answering a question yourself.
Selected Advanced Beginner and Intermediate Topics
The remainder of this document briefly covers some slightly more advanced topics for web masters.
Learn to Backup and Restore
Learn to backup your Joomla! database. Learn to restore your Joomla! database. Frequent backups are the best way to make sure you can recover if your site has a problem. This video entitled How to backup and restore a Joomla! database using phpMyAdmin by kristofdb.
How to Recover Your System Administration Password
Watch this video by James Ramsey entitled How to Recover your Administrator Password using phpMyAdmin.
Exploring the possibilities with Joomla! v 1.5 Core
- Learn what is possible given the core Joomla! Menu Types Scribd by xalnx;
- Understand all the options available when you create a Joomla! Category Blog Layout Scribd by hashani;
- Watch this video on How to embed media within a Joomla! article by mdranta;
- Explore the possibilities with Using the media manager Scribd by SharifOerton;
- Learn How to Use Joomla!'s Register to Read More Scribd by drmmr763;
- Make certain to learn how to Create a custom HTML module Scribd by blitzprog;
- Learn how to Use the Media Manager to Offer File Downloads Scribd by fervidfrogger;
- Learn how to create a simple Image Gallery using the Media Manager Scribd by SharifOerton;
- Learn how to use core Contact functions to create a services or resources directory Scribd by Chad Windnagle (drmmr763);
- Take time to explore how to use the News flash module to display random or rotating selection of texts Scribd by tj.ferrell;
- Take advantage of the Banners component and module to feature different parts of a website Scribd by Branko Pajic (balvanboy);
- Read through the Help screens to find out about all options available at the Back-end
Creating a Local Installation
People creating complex websites often like to work on their own computer and to move the whole site to their web server when it is ready.
To do this you will need to install a webserver (such as Apache or IIS), PHP and MySQL on your local machine. There are a number of tools that make it easy to do this.
For Apache you can install XAMPP and then perform a normal web based Joomla! installation on your computer.
For IIS you can install the Windows Web platform.
There are many great things you can do with Mootools, included in Joomla! v 1.5. Check out these resources to learn how:
- Mootools Tips and Tricks Scribd by Zach Kanzler (theY4Kman);
- How to include Squeezebox in your Joomla! Website Scribd by ddcc;
- How to include Slimbox in your Joomla! Website Scribd by dsadik.
Learn the Basics of Joomla! Templating
Using CSS Class Suffixes
There are other simple things you can do with templates to achieve the look you need. These simple tutorials could be very helpful.
Getting Rid of Tables
- If you do not like tables in your Joomla! output, please see Getting Started with Template Overrides Scribd by Wickrama Arachchi Vithanage Hashani Maduwanthi Weerarathna (Hashani)
Troubleshooting a Template Installation
If you are having trouble installing a template, see How to resolve problems with a template installation Scribd by Chad Windnagle (drmmr763).
Address Search Engine Optimization
Search Engine Optimization is the practice of doing whatever is needed to help make your Web site rank higher in return results for a search engine. For some, this is very important aspect of attracting visitors to their site. Most experts agree, however, that the single best way to improve your chance of getting attention on the Internet is to provide good content on a regular basis. There are several things that you can do using core functionality to make your Joomla! Web site more SEO friendly. Here are some important areas to focus.
Configure and troubleshoot SEF URLs
- Joomla! v 1.5 SEF URLs Scribd by Benjamin Hättasch.
- If you want to use IIS and Joomla!'s SEF URLs, do this first, then use the previous document.
Remove WWW from your domain name
- How to remove "WWW" from your Domain Name and Why it matters Scribd by theoclymenus
Create a Custom 404 Page
Questions on these topics should be asked in the Joomla! v 1.5 SEO Forum.
SEF URL Questions?
Converting an Existing Website to Joomla!
Check out the Converting an existing website to a Joomla! website guide for great step by step instructions.
Thanks to our GHOP Contestants!
Most of this material was written by Joomla! Google Highly Open Participation Contestants. This work is of the highest quality and the students were inspiring to work with. Sincere thanks to all of our participants for sharing their gifts with the Joomla! community. You guys rock!